BEIJING, June 18 (Xinhua) -- Xi Jinping, general secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee, on Friday stressed bearing in mind the course of the Party's struggles, shouldering the historic mission and drawing strength from the Party's history to forge ahead.
Xi, also Chinese president and chairman of the Central Military Commission, made the remarks when visiting an exhibition on CPC history.
Themed "staying true to the founding mission," the exhibition debuted on Friday at the newly inaugurated Museum of the CPC in Beijing ahead of the CPC centenary.
"The Party's history is the most vivid and convincing textbook," Xi stressed.
The past 100 years have seen the CPC unswervingly fulfilling its original aspiration and founding mission, working hard to lay a foundation for its great cause, and making glorious achievements and charting a course for the future, Xi noted.
Xi said it is necessary to study and review the Party's history, carry forward its valuable experience, bear in mind the course of its struggles, shoulder the historic mission, and draw strength from its history to forge ahead.
Efforts should be made to educate and guide Party members and officials to stay true to the original aspiration and founding mission of the Party, Xi noted.
It is necessary for them to strengthen their awareness of the need to maintain political integrity, think in big-picture terms, follow the leadership core, and keep in alignment with the central Party leadership, and remain confident in the path, theory, system and culture of socialism with Chinese characteristics, as well as always closely follow the CPC Central Committee in terms of their thinking, political orientation and actions, he added.
Xi called on Party members to carry forward the fine traditions and play their exemplary role in uniting and leading the Chinese people, based on the new development stage, to follow the new development philosophy and formulate a new development paradigm, to effectively perform their work in promoting reform, development and stability, and to pool strength to fully build a modern socialist China and realize the Chinese Dream of national rejuvenation.
Xi was joined by other leaders including Li Keqiang, Li Zhanshu, Wang Yang, Wang Huning, Zhao Leji, Han Zheng and Wang Qishan during the visit.
Led by Xi, the leaders reviewed the Party admission oath.
The exhibition features four parts, namely the founding of the CPC and the victory of the New Democratic Revolution; the founding of the People's Republic of China (PRC) and the socialist revolution and development; the reform and opening-up, and the start of socialism with Chinese characteristics; and carrying forward socialism with Chinese characteristics into a new era, building a moderately prosperous society in all respects, and embarking on a new journey toward fully building a modern socialist country.
More than 2,600 pictures and more than 3,500 pieces or sets of exhibits reflect the extraordinary 100-year journey the CPC has traveled.
Xi and other leaders immersed themselves in the exhibits, files, photos and videos displayed, and learned about them in detail.
Among the items are the manuscript of Karl Marx's notes from Brussels, and restoration scenes of the first CPC National Congress and the famous Zunyi Meeting during the epic Long March (1934-1936).
Also on display are boards showing the establishment of revolutionary bases, footage from the founding ceremony of the PRC, and weapons used during the War to Resist U.S. Aggression and Aid Korea (1950-1953).
The exhibition also features data charts relating to poverty alleviation and models of the Huoshenshan and Leishenshan hospitals built in Wuhan to fight the COVID-19 epidemic in 2020.
BEIJING, March. 1 (Xinhua) -- China's history-making success in poverty alleviation has gone beyond established anti-poverty theories and can provide fresh perspectives and experiences for the global fight against poverty, said a research paper released on Sunday.
The poverty reduction miracle has given birth to a new field of study, according to the report titled "Chinese Poverty Alleviation Studies: A Political Economy Perspective" released by New China Research, the think tank of Xinhua News Agency.
The report, drawing on Chinese President Xi Jinping's discourses on poverty alleviation as the ideological and theoretical foundations, decodes the "winning formula" in China's anti-poverty fight, explores the rationale behind the fight and discusses its global implications.
"Based on our national conditions and following the law of poverty reduction, China has adopted a series of extraordinary policies and measures and constructed a whole set of systems covering policy, work and institutions, blazing a poverty reduction path and forming an anti-poverty theory with Chinese characteristics," it cited Xi as saying.
The report summarized Xi's discourses on poverty alleviation as "seven upholds": upholding the leadership of the Communist Party of China (CPC), a people-centric approach, joint actions to tackle challenges, a strategy for precision, self-reliance, shared development, and a realistic and pragmatic approach.
THE "WINNING FORMULA"
Over the past eight years, China's final 98.99 million impoverished rural residents living under the current poverty line have all been lifted out of poverty. The country has met the poverty eradication target set in the United Nations' 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development 10 years ahead of schedule.
A "winning formula" in China's poverty alleviation efforts was holding onto positive dialectical thinking and improving the pro-poor market mechanism under the guidance of the government, said the report.
In China, the "burden" of poverty has been turned into a source of potential, and human and natural resources in poor areas have become a means to achieve common development and prosperity, it said.
By capitalizing on local natural resources, many poverty-stricken areas have developed various businesses and subsequently boosted local economic growth and created job opportunities, the report finds.
From a political economy perspective, a key approach of China's poverty reduction is to maintain the goal of national common prosperity by building a "pro-poor market" in which the government, market and society jointly work to emancipate the productivity of the poor and make them contributors to growth.
In precise poverty alleviation, the "visible hand" of a capable government is not a "restless hand" but an essential "enabling hand," the report said, noting that an effective pro-poor market is not a distortion of the market, but a reconstruction of the market.
Private enterprises, social organizations, and individual citizens are the three new forces of poverty alleviation work in China, while wealthy locals, migrant workers and businessmen, and college graduates from poor areas in China have also played significant roles, the report noted.
POWERFUL CULTURAL DRIVE
Throughout China's poverty fight runs the Chinese traditional culture of helping the poor and those in need, as well as a "world sentiment" that calls for the building of a community with a shared future for humanity, according to the report.
Throughout the 5,000-year history of Chinese civilization, the idea of common prosperity has been regarded as a quality of an ideal society, it said.
China is not only a modern success, but also an outstanding ancient civilization. China must build its future without abandoning its past, observes Amartya Sen, the Nobel laureate in economics.
The report stressed that China's poverty-alleviation experience and programs, based on practice and extensive international exchanges, have not only advanced poverty alleviation and development theories, but also reflected a "world sentiment" of building a community with a shared future for humanity.
Such a "world sentiment" has long been an important value for China to follow in promoting the cause of global poverty alleviation. China is committed to reaching out to others and helping the world.
This "global view," which transcends ideology, the nation-state and political parties, is a "Chinese proposal" for promoting the cause of poverty reduction in the world, it said.
IMPLICATIONS FOR THE WORLD
Calling China a "learner, beneficiary and innovator of global poverty alleviation theories," the report summarized foreign experts' views of Chinese inspirations for the world as "5Ds:" Determined Leadership, Detailed Blueprint, Development Oriented, Data-based Governance and Decentralized Delivery.
"There is no doubt that poverty alleviation is a vivid manifestation of the leadership of the CPC," the report highlighted the top leader's determined will, which creates a strong national will and drives the allocation of resources, as well as the leadership of the 91-million-member CPC.
With the common goal of eradicating absolute poverty, several generations of Chinese leaderships have drawn strategic blueprints and led the nation in successive struggles, which ensured policy continuity and spurred the entire country to work together toward a unified goal.
Meanwhile, China has long prioritized economic development in its poverty fight, which is combined with proactive, precise poverty reduction practices that directly pass on the benefits of economic development to every poor household and eliminate poverty completely.
In the fight against poverty, the Chinese government has also attached particular importance to the development of big data and the digital economy and emphasized the application of advanced digital management, which made China's poverty alleviation success possible in a relatively short period of time.
Last but not least, the report attributed the effective implementation of poverty alleviation policies to the "decentralized" nature of China's governance structure, featuring many improvisations at subnational levels to implement national policies.
Besides experience sharing, China has committed itself to the global combat against absolute poverty by participating in assistance programs, supporting "capacity development" projects and advocating a shared-solutions approach, according to the report.
"China, based on its own experience and theoretical ideas in poverty alleviation, is giving back to the human cause of ending poverty and providing a new reference for other countries and regions," it said.
BEIJING, Oct. 2 (Xinhua) -- With the world beset with such grave challenges as a raging pandemic, continuing recession, surging isolationism and rising hegemonism, the recent series of UN high-level meetings represent the world's latest bid to find humanity's way forward.
In multiple speeches delivered at the most important international platform, Chinese President Xi Jinping expounded his approach to addressing the fundamental questions of the times and his vision on uniting all nations sharing the planet to build a better shared future.
"Peace and development remain the underlying trend of the times, and people everywhere crave even more strongly for peace, development and win-win cooperation," he said at the general debate of the 75th session of the UN General Assembly (UNGA). "COVID-19 will not be the last crisis to confront humanity, so we must join hands and be prepared to meet even more global challenges."
The Chinese leader drew the world together with a plan and a vision of how to work, said Stephen Perry, chairman of Britain's 48 Group Club. "He is a beacon of hope in a dark moment of the planet. I hope he can carry other national leaders with him and to focus on making the world work right."
MULTILATERALISM AS FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLE
At a historic juncture 75 years ago, the United Nations, the epitome of multilateralism, was established following the scourge of two world wars to maintain lasting peace and promote common development.
"Today, we face our own 1945 moment," UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said at the opening of the 75th UNGA, warning about a new standoff as the multilateral system, the foundation for globalization and integration, is exposed to salient risks and challenges, such as treaty withdrawals and military and economic bullying practices.
Noting that the past 75 years has been a period of rapid development of multilateralism, Xi stressed at the High-level Meeting to Commemorate the 75th Anniversary of the United Nations that "international affairs ought to be addressed through consultation among us all."
"Problems facing the world are big and many, and global challenges are on the increase," he said. "They should and can only be resolved through dialogue and cooperation."
This commitment to equality-based consultation has been an essential feature of Xi's diplomatic thought, now widely known as Xiplomacy. Since he took office as Chinese president in 2013, he has reiterated the principle on a variety of international occasions, steadfastly advocating multilateralism over unilateralism and win-win cooperation over zero-sum confrontation.
In his landmark UNGA address five years ago, Xi pointed out that all countries are interdependent and share a common future, and called for global efforts to "renew our commitment to the purposes and principles of the UN Charter" and "build a new type of international relations featuring win-win cooperation."
Over the years, China has demonstrated that it is not only an advocate but also a practitioner of multilateralism and defender of the UN-centered international system. China, said Chinese State Councilor and Foreign Minister Wang Yi at a recent forum, has joined almost all universal intergovernmental organizations and international conventions.
Calling China "a pillar of multilateralism," Guterres said in a recent interview with Xinhua that he expects China to "continue its proactive policies to strengthen the UN's global work on maintaining peace and security and encouraging sustainable development."
COMMON DEVELOPMENT AS GOLDEN KEY
Underneath the various challenges troubling today's world lie assorted development problems, which have only become more acute against the backdrop of the COVID-19 pandemic and its multidimensional impact.
"The issue of development should be highlighted in the global macro framework; and there should be a greater emphasis on the promotion and protection of the rights to subsistence and development," Xi said at the latest UN meetings.
China is committed to peaceful, open, cooperative and common development, he reiterated, echoing his statements five years ago that "development of all is the real development, and sustainable development is the good development."
"We aim to foster, over time, a new development paradigm with domestic circulation as the mainstay and domestic and international circulations reinforcing each other," Xi said. "This will create more space for China's economic development and add impetus to global economic recovery and growth."
Commenting on the surge of anti-globalization sentiment over recent years, Xi warned that "burying one's head in the sand like an ostrich in the face of economic globalization or trying to fight it with Don Quixote's lance goes against the trend of history."
Championing common development, China has rolled out such platforms as the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), the China International Import Expo and the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB), which have offered a sliver lining in the pandemic-triggered global economic recession.
For example, the BRI, after seven years of steady development, has now become the world's largest platform of international cooperation, and the China-initiated AIIB has provided 24 members with nearly 20 billion U.S. dollars to finance their infrastructure construction.
Testifying to its commitment to inclusive development, China has achieved significant progress in promoting women's development. It is recognized by the World Health Organization as one of the 10 fast-track countries in women's and children's health. At the UN meetings, Xi called for concerted efforts "to support women and help them live their lives to the full."
On the front of poverty alleviation, a top priority in Xi's mind, China is set to lift out of poverty all rural residents living below the current poverty line within the set time frame, meeting 10 years ahead of schedule the poverty eradication target set out in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
Calling China's poverty-fighting campaign "an inspiring strategy," Alicia Barcena, executive secretary of the UN Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, said China has made it possible "to accelerate the reduction of poverty at the global level."
SHARED FUTURE AS GUIDING LIGHT
In a world which Guterres said has "a surplus of multilateral challenges and a deficit of multilateral solutions," Xi called on all countries to rise above differences in nationality, culture and ideology, and join hands to build a better shared future for all.
The vision of building a community with a shared future for mankind, first introduced to the international community in 2013, has become the flagship concept in Xiplomacy and a consistent underlying theme of Xi's remarks on international relations.
Stressing the significance of the ecosystem to humanity's future, Xi suggested that all countries "take up our lofty responsibility for the entire human civilization, ... balance and coordinate economic development and ecological protection, and work together to build a prosperous, clean and beautiful world."
In a clear demonstration of its dedication to that vision, China, the first country to bear the brunt of the COVID-19 pandemic and also among the first to put it under effective control, has been fighting shoulder to shoulder with the international community against the coronavirus disease.
Recognizing that in a pandemic no one is safe until everyone is safe, China has sent medical expert teams to 34 countries to help prevent and control the epidemic, and provided aid for more than 150 countries and international organizations.
As regards climate change, another challenge that threatens the future of the entire humankind, Xi announced at the latest UN meetings that China aims to have CO2 emissions peak before 2030 and achieve carbon neutrality before 2060.
"There is no doubt that efforts from China will play a major role in shaping how the rest of the world progresses on climate action," said Helen Clarkson, CEO of the London-based Climate Group, in an interview with Xinhua.
China announces concrete measures to boost global fight against COVID-19 as Xi addresses WHA sessionTuesday, 19 May 2020 10:51
18 по 22 декабря 2017 года в Китайском городе Ланьчжоу прошла информационно-познавательная программа «Дорога к Ланьчжоуской лапше с говядиной», с участьем редакторов и журналистов ряда зарубежных стран. Программа было осуществлено в рамках инициативы председателя Китайской Народной Республики Си Цзиньпина «Один пояс – один путь» /Экономический пояс Шелкового пути и Морской Шелковый путь/. Организаторами программы выступили - Отдел пропаганды городского комитета г. Ланьчжоу, Филиал Информационного агентства «Синьхуа» в Азиатско-тихоокеанском регионе и Филиал Информационного агентства «Синьхуа» в пров. Ганьсу.
Нужно сразу же отметить, что редактора и журналисты из Грузии, Армении, Азербайджана, России, Индонезии, Сингапура, Малайзии, Таиланда, Брунея, Мьянма, и Камбоджи провели в Ланьчжоу пять удивительных, и интереснейших дней, за что выражаем благодарность организаторам программы. Оны сделали все возможное, чтобы редактора и журналисты получили полную исчерпающую информацию о политической, экономической, и культурной жизни г. Ланьчжоу и провинции Гансу.
Строительство Ланьчжоу началось в 86 году до н. э. Судя по историческим записям, город получил название «Золотой город», поскольку при возведении крепостных стен нашли золото, и в китайский язык вошло устойчивое выражение, которое дословно переводится «золотые стены и ров с кипятком», что характеризует неприступность Ланьчжоу. В те далекие времена Ланьчжоу был важным пунктом на Великом Шелковом пути.
В рамках программы журналисты побывали в Ресторане Хунбинь под имени Цзиньдин и попробовали Ланьчжоускую лапшу с говядиной. Оны посмотрели шоу мастера по приготовлению, и с технологическим процессом Ланьчжоуской лапши с говядиной. Кроме того, организаторы устроили посещение и интервью на Индустриальной базе Ланьчжоуской лапши с говядиной под имени Цзиньвэйдэ. Получили информации о развитии Ресторанной сети ОсОО «Дунфангун».
Лапшу с говядиной по-ланьчжоуски любят не только жители этого города, она получила широкую известность и в других районах Китая и за рубежом. Ланьчжоусцы чрезвычайно гордятся этим фактом. В городе Ланьчжоу рестораны, где готовят лапшу с говядиной, встречаются на каждом шагу. Полные посетителями ресторанчики и вкусная лапша с говядиной стали неотъемлемой частью картины жизни утреннего Ланьчжоу. Чашка для лапши большая, в этом чувствуется щедрость местных жителей. В чашке - мясной бульон, кусочки белой редьки, красная соя, рубленный зеленый кориандр, лапша и говядина. Все это выглядит очень аппетитно.
Приготовить лапшу с говядиной не так-то просто. Возьмем, к примеру, мясной бульон. Нужны десятки приправ для его приготовления. В разных ресторанах бульон готовят по-разному, поэтому он может быть разным по вкусу. Для сохранения оригинального вкуса своего мясного бульона известные рестораны держат его рецепт в секрете. Мастерство составления рецепта передается в семействе из поколения в поколение.
Прежде всего нужно замесить тесто, а затем – вытянуть лапшу. Чтобы овладеть данным мастерством обычно практикуются не один год. В ресторане нам показали всю процедуру изготовления лапши. Лапша по форме может быть широкая, круглая, толстая и тонкая. Самая широкая лапша похожа на кожаный ремень, а тонкая – на волос.
В настоящее время в Ланьчжоу более 1200 ресторанов, готовящих лапшу. Прибыль некоторых больших ресторанов составляет 40 миллионов юаней в год, даже многие мелкие, площадь которых составляет около 20 квадратных метров, за день зарабатывают до тысячи юаней и больше. Сегодня рестораны, специализирующиеся на лапше с говядиной, встречаются во многих районах Китая. В частности, многие известные рестораны открыли более 400 филиалов по всей стране, а также в США, Франции и Сингапуре.
В ходе программы журналисты и редактора осмотрели современную международную портовую зону в г. Ланьчжоу пров. Ганьсу. По информации администрации порта из административного центра провинции Ганьсу /Северо-Западный Китай/ г. Ланьчжоу в Центральную Азию, Южную Азию и Западную Европу было отравлено более 100 международных грузовых поездов "Ланьчжоу". По этому маршруту было перевезено 600 тыс тонн грузов на общую сумму более 500 млндолларов США. Позже был открыт еще один железнодорожный грузовой маршрут - Ланьчжоу-Гамбург. За первые девять месяцев, в Центральную Азию и Европу отправлены 63 международных грузовых поезда с грузами на общую сумму 300 млн долларов США. Из Ланьчжоу за рубеж вывозятся в основном строительные материалы, механическое оборудование, запчасти для бурения нефтерождений, предметы домашнего обихода, и автомобили. Благодаря международному грузовому маршруту "Ланьчжоу" провинция Ганьсу активно продвигает строительство Ланьчжоуской международной портовой зоны и создает сортировочный центр для импорта и экспорта товаров стран, участвующих в инициативе "Экономического пояса Шелкового пути".
Как известно Ланьчжоу политический, культурный, экономический и научный центр, второй по величине город на Северо-Западе Китая и единственный административный центр в Китае, через который протекает река Хуанхэ. Конечно же организаторы нам устроили посещение и интервью по Скульптуре матери-реки Хуанхэ, Моста Жонгшан, а также Ланьчжоуского выставочного павильона городского планирования и развития.
Жители Ланьчжоу называют главной достопримечательностью города скульптуру «Мать Хуанхэ»; когда стоишь рядом с ней, то испытываешь глубокое потрясение. От подножия скульптуры отходят плоты, изготовленные из надутых бараньих шкур, и если есть время, то можно прокатиться на «главном средстве передвижения по Хуанхэ». История плотов из бараньих шкур насчитывает более чем триста лет. Особенной популярностью они пользовались в самом конце династии Цин при Гуаньсюе, после чего это ремесло передавалось от поколения к поколению вплоть до наших дней. Целые бараньи шкуры завязываются так, чтобы получился мешок, и надуваются, а затем несколько таких надутых шкур нанизывают на деревянные шесты, и получается плот. Обычно на строительство одного плота уходит десять с лишним шкур. Летом на берегу Хуанхэ на пляжах и просто в тени деревьев расставляют столики, можно остановиться, взять чашечку зеленого чая или бутылочку местного густого йогурта, посидеть на берегу великой реки - это тоже очень интересно.
К завершению нашей информационно-познавательной программы «Дорога к Ланьчжоуской лапше с говядиной», прошел симпозиум по Ланьчжоуской лапше с говядиной, на которой присутствовали руководители отдела пропаганды городского комитета г. Ланьчжоу, филиала Информационного агентства «Синьхуа» в пров. Ганьсу, а также директора ресторанов по приготовлению Ланьчжоуской лаппши с говядиной. Более 1,5 часа журналисты задавали вопроси, на которой присутствующие на симпозиуме ответственные лица отвечали с радостью. Исходя из этого, можно смело сказать, что двенадцать представителей международной прессы получили полную информацию и остались довольны участьем в информационно-познавательной программе «Дорога к Ланьчжоуской лапше с говядиной».
BEIJING, Dec. 14 (Xinhua) -- The victims of the Nanjing Massacre that shook the world in its brutality when Japan invaded China are being remembered through events worldwide that are also calling to cherish hard-won peace and acknowledge history with honesty.
An annual memorial for the nearly 300,000 people brutally killed 80 years ago was held Wednesday in Nanjing, the city in eastern China that suffered one of the bloodiest times the world has ever witnessed.
Chinese President Xi Jinping and senior officials joined representatives from all walks of life at the state memorial ceremony marking the 80th anniversary of the carnage to pay a silent tribute.
Over 440 overseas Chinese groups reportedly plan to hold memorial ceremonies for Nanjing Massacre victims Wednesday. More than 10,000 overseas Chinese in the United States, Canada, Germany, the Netherlands and Argentina are expected to attend these commemorations.
In Japan, some 200 people attended a testimony meeting in Shizuoka city on Tuesday. Lu Ling, daughter of a massacre survivor who was stabbed 37 times by Japanese soldiers, shared her mother's ordeal with the Japanese attendees.
"The massacre imposed tremendous suffering on my family, the people in Nanjing, and the Chinese people," she said.
Masataka Mori, a former professor of irenology -- the study of peace -- at Shizuoka University, said people were revising history to distort the truth about the Nanjing carnage.
"It is hoped that more people could know about (the Nanjing Massacre) and pass on the truth," Mori said.
The massacre was also mourned in The Hague, Netherlands, Tuesday. Some 200 Chinese people and students living there attended the memorial, held one day ahead of China's "National Memorial Day for Nanjing Massacre Victims".
"We hold a memorial ceremony in The Netherlands not only to mourn the victims, but also to tell the truth (about) history. No attempt to deny history will ever be accepted," said Zhong Linchang, head of the Association of Cantonese Business in The Netherlands.
Henk Kool, president of Friendship Society Netherlands-China, urged Japanese who deny the truth to look into the facts.
"If you want to be forgiven, you must first recognize and remember," he told Xinhua.
In the U.S. city of San Francisco, hundreds of people from the Chinese, Korean and Philippine communities gathered Sunday to remember the period of brutality and the victims' spirit of resilience and heroism.
Jennifer Cheung, chairperson of the Rape of Nanking Redress Coalition and one of the organizers of the event, said the commemoration meant to promote peace instead of harboring hatred toward the Japanese perpetrators.
However, the Japanese government has repeatedly refused to apologize for the atrocities committed by the war-time imperial Japanese troops and continues to deny the fact that approximately 200,000 Asian women and girls, including Chinese, Koreans and Filipinas, were forced into sexual servitude for Japanese soldiers during World War II, Cheung said.
"No real peace can come... without (an) apology from the Japanese government," she said.
Japan invaded northeast China in September 1931, followed by a full-scale invasion of China on July 7, 1937.
On Dec. 13, 1937, Nanjing fell to the invaders who slaughtered civilians and soldiers who had put down their arms, and burnt and looted for nearly a month. About 300,000 Chinese were killed, and 20,000 women raped.
In February 2014, China's top legislature designated Dec. 13 as a national memorial day for the victims of the Nanjing Massacre.
HANGZHOU, Sept. 5 (Xinhua) -- The 11th summit of the Group of 20 (G20) major economies concluded here on Monday, reaching extensive consensus on pursuing innovative, invigorated, interconnected and inclusive world economic growth.
"Held at a critical time for world economic growth and the transformation of the G20, the Hangzhou summit attracted wide attention from the whole world and carried high expectations," Chinese President Xi Jinping said at a press conference after the summit's conclusion.
From Sunday to Monday, leaders of G20 members, guest countries and international organizations exchanged views on topics including more effective global economic and financial governance, robust international trade and investment, and inclusive and interconnected development.
They also discussed prominent issues affecting the global economy, including climate change, refugee, anti-terrorism financing and public health.
CHARTING A NEW COURSE
World economic recovery remains weak this year. The World Bank in June cut its 2016 global growth forecast to 2.4 percent from 2.9 percent projected in January, partly due to sluggish growth in advanced economies, stubbornly low commodity prices and weak global trade.
The forecast is much lower than a year-on-year growth of 6.7 percent in the first half of 2016 in China, in line with the government's target to keep its annual growth between 6.5 percent and 7 percent this year.
The world has been hoping for Chinese wisdom and prescription to cope with common challenges after the country took over the G20 presidency.
Xi said in a closing speech that leaders attending the summit decided to point out the way and set the course for the world economy.
"We will continue to reinforce macro-policy dialogue and coordination, work in the spirit of partnership to promote mutual help and win-win cooperation, and focus our minds and energy to pursue strong, sustainable, balanced and inclusive growth," Xi said.
A G20 Leaders' Communique of the Hangzhou Summit was adopted to set out the direction, targets and steps of G20 cooperation and depict the blueprint for future world economy.
A mix of effective tools, including fiscal, monetary and structural ones, must be implemented to buffer against short-term risks and unleash medium- to long-term potential, Xi said.
"This will send a strong signal of G20's commitment to promoting global growth, and help shore up market confidence and ensure stability of global financial markets," Xi said.
BLUEPRINT ON INNOVATIVE GROWTH
"We are determined to break a new path for growth to inject new dynamism into the world economy," Xi said.
Past realities teach us that merely relying on fiscal and monetary policies does not work for the world economy, Xi said, adding that the world should pursue innovation-driven economy and create a new round of growth and prosperity.
The leaders unanimously adopted the G20 Blueprint on Innovative Growth, which reflects their desire to find the right path toward sustainable and healthy growth.
The G20 members will capitalize on the new opportunities brought about by innovation, new industrial revolution, digital economy and other new factors and business types, and make a series of action plans, he said.
They are also going to encourage innovation in various domains and ensure that the fruits of innovation are shared, Xi said.
"The blueprint provides us with the consensus, action plan and the overall framework to open up a new path for global growth and increase medium- to long-term potential of the world economy," he said.
BETTER GOVERNANCE, INCLUSIVE GROWTH
The leaders were also determined to improve global economic and financial governance to enhance the resilience of the world economy, and to revitalize international trade and investment as the key engines of growth and build an open world economy, Xi said.
They agreed to advance the quota and governance reform of international financial institutions, broaden the use of Special Drawing Rights, strengthen the global financial safety net and make the international monetary system more stable and resilient.
The leaders agreed to deepen cooperation on financial inclusion, green finance and climate funds, and formulated an action plan on energy access, renewable energy and energy efficiency, Xi said.
They will also enhance international tax cooperation, and join efforts of anti-corruption to deprive all corrupt persons of any safe haven in G20 countries and beyond, he said.
G20 members reiterated their stance to oppose trade protectionism and support multilateral trading mechanisms in pursuit of trade growth, and formulated guiding principles for investment policymaking to facilitate investment around the world.
Consensus was also made to promote inclusive and interconnected development, so that G20 cooperation will deliver benefits to the whole world, according to Xi.
For the first time, the summit put development at the center of global macro policy framework and made a groundbreaking action plan implementing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, he added.
"The development of G20 has a bearing on the immediate interests of all its members and the future of world economy. Only when the mechanism responds to changes and advances with the times can it retain its vitality," Xi said.