Talks between the President of Turkmenistan and PRC’s President started in Beijing
Today, in Beijing talks between President of Turkmenistan Serdar Berdimuhamedov, who arrived in PRC on a state visit the day before and President of the People’s Republic of China Xi Jinping started.
After a solemn meeting, leaders of the two friendly countries will hold a meeting with full participation of their delegations. It is expected that in the course of the Turkmen-Chinese high level talks issues of expansion of bilateral interaction in political, trade and economic, cultural and humanitarian spheres will be discussed.
After talks with full participation of delegations, the meeting will be held in a narrow format. By the outcome of talks, heads of the two states plan to sign a package of bilateral documents.
ISSUES OF TURKMEN-CHINESE STRATEGIC PARTNERSHIP WERE DISCUSSED IN BEIJING
On October 19, 2023, as part of a working visit to Beijing, the National Leader of the Turkmen people, Chairman of the Halk Maslahaty of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov met with the Chairman of the People's Republic of China Xi Jinping.
Thanking Arkadag for his participation in the Third High-level Forum “One Belt, One Road”, President Xi Jinping noted the progressive dynamics of interstate cooperation, based on historically established ties of friendship and having solid multifaceted potential.
As noted, a new effective step towards the development of bilateral relations was the state visit of President Serdar Berdimuhamedov to the PRC in January of this year. The leader of the People's Republic of China conveyed warm greetings and best wishes to the head of Turkmenistan.
President Xi Jinping emphasized that China attaches great importance to cooperation with Turkmenistan and highly values and supports its creative international initiatives.
Expressing gratitude to Chairman Xi Jinping for the invitation to visit the PRC, Chairman Halk Maslahaty noted that the traditions of Turkmen-Chinese friendship can be traced for more than two thousand years, rooted in the distant past. The Great Silk Road closely connected both countries and their peoples.
Focusing on the topic of ensuring sustainable development in the region, the National Leader of the Turkmen people emphasized the importance of efforts to combine Turkmenistan’s strategy “Revival of the Great Silk Road” with China’s “One Belt, One Road” initiative. Over the years, this initiative has contributed to strengthening trade and cultural ties in the Eurasian space.
Thus, the peoples of Turkmenistan and the PRC have centuries-old friendly relations, vast experience of interaction and good neighborliness.
Stressing that centuries-old bonds of friendship unite our countries and peoples, Arkadag thanked Chairman Xi Jinping for the opportunity to meet, as well as for the cordiality and hospitality provided.
As Chairman Halk Maslahaty noted, meetings with the head of the PRC are always significant events in relations between Turkmenistan and China. They provide an opportunity to exchange views on the state of interstate relations, identify the most important topics that require special attention, and give bilateral contacts the necessary impetus.
In this context, the high level of mutual trust, mutual understanding and openness achieved in recent years under the leadership of Chinese President Xi Jinping in Turkmen-Chinese relations was stated. The strategic partnership between our countries is characterized by a progressive, steady and targeted nature across the entire spectrum of areas. By developing and expanding it, we invariably rely on the historical ties of friendship and good neighborliness of the Turkmen and Chinese peoples, their deep mutual sympathy and respect for each other, the closeness of the positions of the two states on key issues of modern international politics, a strong legal basis for cooperation, powerful mutual economic potential, noted the Chairman of the Halk Maslahaty.
This nature of interaction, meeting the fundamental interests of Turkmenistan and China, makes a noticeable constructive contribution to the preservation and strengthening of international stability and security, contributes to the solution of a number of pressing regional issues, and is an important factor in accelerating and expanding trade and economic processes on the Asian continent.
At the same time, the National Leader of the Turkmen people confirmed that Turkmenistan is firmly committed to further strengthening fraternal, friendly ties with China and is ready to continue joint work in the political, economic, cultural and humanitarian spheres.
Taking this opportunity, Arkadag conveyed cordial greetings from President of Turkmenistan Serdar Berdimuhamedov to Chairman Xi Jinping, and also addressed wishes for peace, prosperity and prosperity to the Chinese people.
Continuing the meeting, the National Leader of the Turkmen people and the head of the People's Republic of China discussed the key vectors of Turkmen-Chinese interaction, built with a long-term perspective and developing in an ascending line, both on a bilateral and multilateral basis, including in the “Central Asia-China” format.
In the context of realizing potential in the trade and economic sphere, the role of the Turkmen-Chinese Intergovernmental Committee was noted.
The transport and logistics sector was also identified as a priority area of cooperation. In this regard, Chairman Xi Jinping emphasized the relevance of the initiatives put forward by Turkmenistan aimed at building up effective regional and international partnership in this strategic area. At the same time, the importance of interaction was noted in the context of the implementation of the “Revival of the Great Silk Road” and “One Belt, One Road” strategies, their coupling and complementarity.
An integral component of Turkmen-Chinese relations is also the cultural and humanitarian area, where there is many years of positive experience of joint work.
Noting that he always remembers his visit to Turkmenistan with warmth, the head of the PRC invited Arkadag to visit China again.
At the end of the negotiations, bilateral documents were signed, including: an Agreement between the Government of Turkmenistan and the Government of the People's Republic of China on technical and economic cooperation and a Memorandum of Understanding between the State Customs Service of Turkmenistan and the General Customs Administration of the People's Republic of China on cooperation in strengthening the capacity of the Economic Commissioners Program operators.
As part of the working visit of the Chairman of the Halk Maslahaty Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov to the PRC, meetings were held between members of the official delegation of Turkmenistan and the heads of ministries and departments of the PRC, including the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the fuel and energy sector, transport and communications, education, science, health and sports.
A wide range of issues of political and diplomatic interaction, as well as cooperation in the trade and economic sphere, were discussed at the meetings.
The advisability of maintaining an active dialogue and practical implementation of joint initiatives in the field of trade, transport and communication systems, medicine and healthcare, scientific and technological innovation, digital economy, etc. was also noted.
THE PRESIDENT OF TURKMENISTAN TOOK PART IN THE FIRST MEETING OF MULTILATERAL COOPERATION “C5+1”
On September 19, 2023, President of Turkmenistan Serdar Berdimuhamedov, who is on a working visit to New York to participate in the 78th session of the UN General Assembly, took part in the first meeting of multilateral cooperation “C5+1”.
The summit was an important opportunity to discuss a range of issues, including regional security, trade and connectivity, climate change and ongoing reforms to improve governance and the rule of law.
When building international relations, the Turkmen state proceeds from the importance of considering the interests of all parties on the basis of goodwill, equality, exchange of best practices and positive ideas. This approach is not only fully complies with the goals and Charter of the UN, but also contributes to the establishment of strong interstate contacts, mutual understanding and trust, including with neighboring countries in the region and with the United States of America.
As known, Turkmenistan successfully cooperates with Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan, both - in the framework of the largest international organizations and authoritative regional structures and within the “C5+1” diplomatic platform.
Since its establishment in 2015, this mechanism has proved itself as an effective regional platform for increasing economic cooperation, maintaining security, and sustainable development in Central Asia. At the same time, over the years, the dialogue “USA - Central Asian countries” has been expanded through interaction at the ministerial level, expert meetings and the activities of thematic working groups on economics, energy and environment and security.
In 2022 was established the Secretariat of the “C5+1” to identify formal procedures, define and promote shared priorities, coordinate communications among participating governments and to plan high-level ministerial meetings and other events. Currently, the “C5+1” continues to work together to strengthen the security, stability and prosperity of the Central Asian region.
THE PRESIDENT OF TURKMENISTAN SPOKE AT THE 78TH SESSION OF THE UN GENERAL ASSEMBLY
On September 19, 2023, President of Turkmenistan Serdar Berdimuhamedov took part in the 78th session of the United Nations General Assembly.
The agenda of the current session included a wide range of issues related to such important areas as promoting sustainable economic growth and sustainable development, maintaining peace and security on the planet, countering global challenges and threats of our time, ecology and environmental protection, human rights, etc.
The head of Turkmenistan voiced the priority positions of our country on pressing issues of regional and global scale, as well as new creative initiatives aimed at further expanding effective international cooperation that meets the interests of general well-being and progress.
As President Serdar Berdimuhamedov noted, it is a sense of the highest responsibility that today should unite all 193 member countries of the Organization, each of which, regardless of geographical location, population size, volume of the economy, socio-political model, is called upon and capable of making an important contribution to solving problems facing the Community of Nations.
For many years, Turkmenistan has firmly and persistently defended the principle of indivisibility of security, its integrity, the inseparability of its various aspects from each other, the head of state continued, expressing the conviction that military and political security cannot be considered in isolation from economic, environmental, tecnogenic, energy, transport, food, biological, information security. None of the listed areas can be secondary or irrelevant, and their solution can be postponed to a later date.
The President of Turkmenistan emphasized that the main task of the UN is to ensure an integral approach to the problem of security, to mobilize the experience, competencies, ideas and initiatives available to member states in a creative way, to move away from short-term benefits and advantages in the name of achieving truly fateful goals, which will ensure lasting peace, security and development for the long term.
Speaking about the role of the UN in the modern world, Head of State Serdar Berdimuhamedov emphasized that, like all the past decades since its founding, the UN today is the only universal and legitimate organization responsible for maintaining peace and ensuring universal and comprehensive security and sustainability of modern architecture of international relations.
In this regard, the importance of consistent and persistent use of the Organization’s potential, its political and diplomatic tools, and moral authority for a balanced, non-ideologized assessment of current events and trends, overcoming distrust and confrontational tension in world politics and identifying prospects for compromise and mutual consideration of interests was stated.
In this context, a number of initiatives of Turkmenistan were announced. In particular, it was proposed to begin discussing the possibilities of developing a Global Security Strategy based on the principles of the UN Charter and generally accepted norms of international law, taking into account current realities and trends in world development.
It was emphasized that such a Strategy should reflect the presence, along with traditional ones, of new risk factors that have emerged recently. Our country, as noted, considers it necessary to include a number of areas of UN activity, in particular: preventive diplomacy as a tool for preventing and neutralizing conflicts; using the potential of neutrality for the peaceful, political and diplomatic settlement of disputes and contradictions; restoration of a culture of trusting dialogue based on the Resolutions of the UN General Assembly on the declaration of 2021 as the International Year of Peace and Trust and 2023 as the “International Year of Dialogue as a Guarantee of Peace,” the relevance of which has been confirmed by time.
Expressing his conviction that the time has come to launch an inclusive, full-format and systemic dialogue between Central Asia and the UN, President Serdar Berdimuhamedov emphasized that Turkmenistan respectfully invites partners to its start. In this regard, an initiative was voiced to create, under the auspices of the UN, the format of the Conference on Security in Central Asia and adjacent zones, the purpose of which is to develop approaches and solutions aimed at bringing closer and synchronizing the efforts of the Central Asian countries and the world community, international organizations, financial and economic institutions in ensuring sustainable, conflict-free development of this region. At the same time, readiness was expressed to hold the first Meeting in Ashgabat in 2024.
The head of state emphasized that among the key areas of UN activity in the coming years, Turkmenistan is considering solving pressing climate and environmental problems. Among them, issues related to global methane obligations were highlighted.
As noted, with accession to the Paris Climate Agreement in 2017, a number of relevant national programs were adopted in our country. National measures are being carried out at a priority pace in order to reduce and eradicate the negative consequences of methane emissions into the atmosphere. We are talking, first of all, about a phased transition to the introduction and use of modern environmentally friendly and resource-saving technologies, especially in the fields of energy, industry and transport.
At the same time, President Serdar Berdimuhamedov emphasized, we welcome the efforts of the world community to implement the Global Methane Commitment.
It was noted that the Turkmen side is counting on substantive cooperation and targeted assistance from specialized UN structures, member countries of the Organization, and other interested partners.
The head of state noted that the time has come here at the UN to pay closer and more effective attention to environmental problems in Central Asia, to overcome a certain inertia in their consideration and to begin targeted and specific measures to form a comprehensive UN environmental strategy for the region with almost 80 -a population of millions, occupying vast areas, possessing unique natural resources and biodiversity and at the same time being in a zone of serious environmental risks.
As an important step in adopting a strategic approach to the environmental problems of Central Asia, a proposal was put forward to establish a specialized structure - the Regional Center for Technologies Related to Climate Change in Central Asia, which would work substantively and systematically on climate issues. In this regard, a readiness was also expressed to provide organizational and technical conditions for the functioning of such a Center in the capital of Turkmenistan - Ashgabat.
Central Asia is also a region directly adjacent to the Caspian Sea.
As a result of many years of cooperation, the coastal countries have developed common key principles of policy in the Caspian Sea, including the adoption of the main document - the Convention on the Legal Status of the Caspian Sea. Last summer, at the Sixth Caspian Summit in Turkmenistan, all participants firmly confirmed their readiness for close cooperation on environmental issues, the head of state stated, noting that this opens up good opportunities for the beginning of broad and systemic interaction between coastal states and the UN.
In this context, a proposal was made to create the “Caspian Environmental Initiative”, designed to become an international platform for substantive and professional partnership on a wide range of issues related to environmental protection of the Caspian Sea, the conservation of its biological resources, and the solution of a number of pressing environmental problems.
Among the main priorities, the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals in the field of transport was highlighted. President Serdar Berdimuhamedov noted that Turkmenistan has initiated the creation of effective international platforms for dialogue in this important area, recalling the First UN Global Conference on Sustainable Transport successfully held in Ashgabat in 2016, as well as the International Meeting of Ministers of Transport of Landlocked Developing Countries, organized in cooperation with the UN in our country last summer.
The head of state emphasized that the purposeful work of Turkmenistan was marked by the adoption by the General Assembly of six resolutions in the field of transport initiated by the Turkmen side in recent years alone. Among them is the Resolution “World Sustainable Transport Day” adopted in May this year.
In this regard, based on the provisions of the Resolution, Turkmenistan proposes to convene a high-level meeting on the occasion of World Sustainable Transport Day within the framework of the current session, the head of state said, expressing hope for the assistance of the relevant UN structures in organizing this event in New York.
The most important direction of Turkmenistan’s activities in implementing the SDGs is maximum assistance to the UN in solving the food problem. The COVID-19 pandemic, along with other unfavorable factors, has exposed the vulnerability of precisely those states where this problem has not been solved, where the population does not receive adequate nutrition.
As President Serdar Berdimuhamedov noted, unity, integrity and determination are necessary when considering issues related to access of states and regions to food resources, guarantees of adequate nutrition as an inalienable right of any person, a key factor in health and normal physical development, especially of children.
It is obvious that breakthrough solutions are needed here, new approaches that overcome political, ideological, and market barriers.
The head of state emphasized that Turkmenistan is taking the initiative to convene a major international forum on food security under the auspices of the UN in cooperation with the World Food Program, the World Health Organization, the UN Children's Fund and confirmed its readiness to provide conditions for its holding in Ashgabat at the agreed time.
Next year, Turkmenistan and far beyond its borders, including at the UN, will celebrate the 300th anniversary of the birth of the outstanding son of the Turkmen people - poet, thinker, philosopher and public figure Makhtumkuli Fragi.
All cultural humanity pays tribute to the memory and respect of the great humanist, who made a great original contribution not only to world literature, but also to the development of the civilization of the East, and the whole world, said President of Turkmenistan Serdar Berdimuhamedov.
In conclusion, the head of Turkmenistan wished that loyalty to creative plans, ideals of peace, justice, and progress serve as the main and clear guideline in joint work.
The working visit of the President of Turkmenistan to the United States of America continues.
MEETING OF THE PRESIDENT OF TURKMENISTAN WITH THE UN SECRETARY GENERAL
On September 18, 2023, President of Turkmenistan Serdar Berdimuhamedov, who is on a working visit to New York to participate in the 78th session of the United Nations General Assembly, met with UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres.
Thanking President Serdar Berdimuhamedov for his personal participation in the global forum, the UN Secretary-General noted the active and proactive position of our country in cooperation with the Community of Nations.
Welcoming the UN Secretary-General, President Serdar Berdimuhamedov congratulated him on the successful start of the 78th session of the General Assembly, expressing confidence that it will make an important contribution to strengthening global peace and security and promoting sustainable development on the planet.
During the interested exchange of views on the priority areas of bilateral partnership, it was emphasized that Turkmenistan, guided by the principles of positive neutrality, is implementing a foreign policy aimed at ensuring the well-being of the peoples of the region and the whole world.
As noted, our country unswervingly follows the generally accepted norms of international law and the principles of the UN Charter, which is called upon to act as the main regulatory body in international relations and solutions to problems caused by global challenges. In this regard, multifaceted cooperation with the UN is a strategic priority for Turkmenistan. Our country fully supports the initiatives of the world community, carried out under the auspices of the United Nations and aimed at ensuring peace, security and sustainable development.
In this regard, the effective nature of Turkmenistan’s long-term interaction with the UN and its specialized structures was emphasized. This fruitful partnership is also embodied in the implementation of constructive initiatives of a regional and global nature put forward by the Turkmen side, in the joint implementation of major projects and programs in various fields.
The working visit of the President of Turkmenistan to Tajikistan has begun
Today, President of Turkmenistan Serdar Berdimuhamedov left on a working visit to the Republic of Tajikistan to participate in the fifth Consultative Meeting of the Heads of State of Central Asia, as well as in the meeting of the Council of Heads of State of the founders of the International Fund for Saving the Aral Sea.
The head of Turkmenistan was seen off by officials at the capital's International Airport.
Upon arrival at the Dushanbe International Airport, where the National Flags of the Central Asian countries were raised on flagpoles and a Guard of Honour was formed, the President of Turkmenistan was met by officials. According to the established good tradition of hospitality, the head of the Turkmen state was presented with flowers.
Strengthening and building up effective interaction with neighbouring states in the region, with whose peoples the Turkmen people are united by strong ties of friendship, cultural and civilizational community, and historically established ties, is one of the priority areas of the foreign policy of the independent neutral Fatherland. This creative, peace-loving strategy, initiated by the National Leader of the Turkmen people, Chairman of the Halk Maslahaty Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov and now consistently implemented by President Serdar Berdimuhamedov, has received universal support and recognition from the international community.
Advocating for a systematic and balanced approach to issues of regional cooperation, taking into account the interests of all parties, based on mutual respect and goodwill, Turkmenistan puts forward specific proposals in this direction. In this context, it should be noted that our country has repeatedly become the venue for regional summit meetings.