THE IMPORTANCE OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF ECONOMIC PARTNERSHIP IN THE ECO SPACE AND BEYOND IS HIGHLIGHTED

Published in World
Monday, 29 November 2021 18:35

At the 15th Summit of the Economic Cooperation Organization, held on November 28, 2021, the Heads of State and Government of the participating countries reflected their vision of the ECO's work and highlighted the unique geo-economic role of the ECO, which has a positive effect on regional cooperation.

In his speech, President of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov highlighted the essence of interaction between the ECO Member States, united geographically, historically, as well as traditional customs and values. “Our peoples here have centuries-old traditions, valuable experience has been accumulated, which requires its revival, use and enrichment, taking into account modern realities,” President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov noted.

He made a special emphasis on the further intensification of trade and economic relations between the countries of this format, which is aimed at increasing the volume and diversification of trade. “In this regard, I consider it expedient to think about creating, on the principles of public-private partnership, specialized ECO business platforms, each of which, in its own direction, could purposefully work in the interests of developing and expanding trade relations between our countries,” the Head of Turkmenistan emphasized.

The idea of creating effective mechanisms to ensure stable and dynamic growth of trade and investment partnerships has been put forward. In this regard, the expediency of establishing various forms of cooperation in such segments as the production of industrial goods, agriculture, and the service sector was emphasized. In this context, the Head of state highlighted the importance of economic interaction with the use of high, primarily digital technologies, and the widespread use of electronic trading platforms.

Stating the importance of enhancing cooperation in medicine and health care, the President of Turkmenistan noted the advisability of establishing, within the framework of the ECO, systemic channels for the exchange of experience, methods and best practices in the field of combating dangerous infectious diseases. “Economic cooperation in the ECO space should be accompanied by the expansion of interaction in the cultural and humanitarian sphere,” said President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov.

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    The summit was an important opportunity to discuss a range of issues, including regional security, trade and connectivity, climate change and ongoing reforms to improve governance and the rule of law.

    When building international relations, the Turkmen state proceeds from the importance of considering the interests of all parties on the basis of goodwill, equality, exchange of best practices and positive ideas. This approach is not only fully complies with the goals and Charter of the UN, but also contributes to the establishment of strong interstate contacts, mutual understanding and trust, including with neighboring countries in the region and with the United States of America.

    As known, Turkmenistan successfully cooperates with Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan, both - in the framework of the largest international organizations and authoritative regional structures and within the “C5+1” diplomatic platform.

    Since its establishment in 2015, this mechanism has proved itself as an effective regional platform for increasing economic cooperation, maintaining security, and sustainable development in Central Asia. At the same time, over the years, the dialogue “USA - Central Asian countries” has been expanded through interaction at the ministerial level, expert meetings and the activities of thematic working groups on economics, energy and environment and security.

    In 2022 was established the Secretariat of the “C5+1” to identify formal procedures, define and promote shared priorities, coordinate communications among participating governments and to plan high-level ministerial meetings and other events. Currently, the “C5+1” continues to work together to strengthen the security, stability and prosperity of the Central Asian region.

  • THE PRESIDENT OF TURKMENISTAN SPOKE AT THE 78TH SESSION OF THE UN GENERAL ASSEMBLY

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    The agenda of the current session included a wide range of issues related to such important areas as promoting sustainable economic growth and sustainable development, maintaining peace and security on the planet, countering global challenges and threats of our time, ecology and environmental protection, human rights, etc.

    The head of Turkmenistan voiced the priority positions of our country on pressing issues of regional and global scale, as well as new creative initiatives aimed at further expanding effective international cooperation that meets the interests of general well-being and progress.

    As President Serdar Berdimuhamedov noted, it is a sense of the highest responsibility that today should unite all 193 member countries of the Organization, each of which, regardless of geographical location, population size, volume of the economy, socio-political model, is called upon and capable of making an important contribution to solving problems facing the Community of Nations.

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    Speaking about the role of the UN in the modern world, Head of State Serdar Berdimuhamedov emphasized that, like all the past decades since its founding, the UN today is the only universal and legitimate organization responsible for maintaining peace and ensuring universal and comprehensive security and sustainability of modern architecture of international relations.

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    In this context, a number of initiatives of Turkmenistan were announced. In particular, it was proposed to begin discussing the possibilities of developing a Global Security Strategy based on the principles of the UN Charter and generally accepted norms of international law, taking into account current realities and trends in world development.

    It was emphasized that such a Strategy should reflect the presence, along with traditional ones, of new risk factors that have emerged recently. Our country, as noted, considers it necessary to include a number of areas of UN activity, in particular: preventive diplomacy as a tool for preventing and neutralizing conflicts; using the potential of neutrality for the peaceful, political and diplomatic settlement of disputes and contradictions; restoration of a culture of trusting dialogue based on the Resolutions of the UN General Assembly on the declaration of 2021 as the International Year of Peace and Trust and 2023 as the “International Year of Dialogue as a Guarantee of Peace,” the relevance of which has been confirmed by time.

    Expressing his conviction that the time has come to launch an inclusive, full-format and systemic dialogue between Central Asia and the UN, President Serdar Berdimuhamedov emphasized that Turkmenistan respectfully invites partners to its start. In this regard, an initiative was voiced to create, under the auspices of the UN, the format of the Conference on Security in Central Asia and adjacent zones, the purpose of which is to develop approaches and solutions aimed at bringing closer and synchronizing the efforts of the Central Asian countries and the world community, international organizations, financial and economic institutions in ensuring sustainable, conflict-free development of this region. At the same time, readiness was expressed to hold the first Meeting in Ashgabat in 2024.

    The head of state emphasized that among the key areas of UN activity in the coming years, Turkmenistan is considering solving pressing climate and environmental problems. Among them, issues related to global methane obligations were highlighted.

    As noted, with accession to the Paris Climate Agreement in 2017, a number of relevant national programs were adopted in our country. National measures are being carried out at a priority pace in order to reduce and eradicate the negative consequences of methane emissions into the atmosphere. We are talking, first of all, about a phased transition to the introduction and use of modern environmentally friendly and resource-saving technologies, especially in the fields of energy, industry and transport.

    At the same time, President Serdar Berdimuhamedov emphasized, we welcome the efforts of the world community to implement the Global Methane Commitment.

    It was noted that the Turkmen side is counting on substantive cooperation and targeted assistance from specialized UN structures, member countries of the Organization, and other interested partners.

    The head of state noted that the time has come here at the UN to pay closer and more effective attention to environmental problems in Central Asia, to overcome a certain inertia in their consideration and to begin targeted and specific measures to form a comprehensive UN environmental strategy for the region with almost 80 -a population of millions, occupying vast areas, possessing unique natural resources and biodiversity and at the same time being in a zone of serious environmental risks.

    As an important step in adopting a strategic approach to the environmental problems of Central Asia, a proposal was put forward to establish a specialized structure - the Regional Center for Technologies Related to Climate Change in Central Asia, which would work substantively and systematically on climate issues. In this regard, a readiness was also expressed to provide organizational and technical conditions for the functioning of such a Center in the capital of Turkmenistan - Ashgabat.

    Central Asia is also a region directly adjacent to the Caspian Sea.

    As a result of many years of cooperation, the coastal countries have developed common key principles of policy in the Caspian Sea, including the adoption of the main document - the Convention on the Legal Status of the Caspian Sea. Last summer, at the Sixth Caspian Summit in Turkmenistan, all participants firmly confirmed their readiness for close cooperation on environmental issues, the head of state stated, noting that this opens up good opportunities for the beginning of broad and systemic interaction between coastal states and the UN.

    In this context, a proposal was made to create the “Caspian Environmental Initiative”, designed to become an international platform for substantive and professional partnership on a wide range of issues related to environmental protection of the Caspian Sea, the conservation of its biological resources, and the solution of a number of pressing environmental problems.

    Among the main priorities, the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals in the field of transport was highlighted. President Serdar Berdimuhamedov noted that Turkmenistan has initiated the creation of effective international platforms for dialogue in this important area, recalling the First UN Global Conference on Sustainable Transport successfully held in Ashgabat in 2016, as well as the International Meeting of Ministers of Transport of Landlocked Developing Countries, organized in cooperation with the UN in our country last summer.

    The head of state emphasized that the purposeful work of Turkmenistan was marked by the adoption by the General Assembly of six resolutions in the field of transport initiated by the Turkmen side in recent years alone. Among them is the Resolution “World Sustainable Transport Day” adopted in May this year.

    In this regard, based on the provisions of the Resolution, Turkmenistan proposes to convene a high-level meeting on the occasion of World Sustainable Transport Day within the framework of the current session, the head of state said, expressing hope for the assistance of the relevant UN structures in organizing this event in New York.

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    As President Serdar Berdimuhamedov noted, unity, integrity and determination are necessary when considering issues related to access of states and regions to food resources, guarantees of adequate nutrition as an inalienable right of any person, a key factor in health and normal physical development, especially of children.

    It is obvious that breakthrough solutions are needed here, new approaches that overcome political, ideological, and market barriers.

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    Next year, Turkmenistan and far beyond its borders, including at the UN, will celebrate the 300th anniversary of the birth of the outstanding son of the Turkmen people - poet, thinker, philosopher and public figure Makhtumkuli Fragi.

    All cultural humanity pays tribute to the memory and respect of the great humanist, who made a great original contribution not only to world literature, but also to the development of the civilization of the East, and the whole world, said President of Turkmenistan Serdar Berdimuhamedov.

    In conclusion, the head of Turkmenistan wished that loyalty to creative plans, ideals of peace, justice, and progress serve as the main and clear guideline in joint work.

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    During the interested exchange of views on the priority areas of bilateral partnership, it was emphasized that Turkmenistan, guided by the principles of positive neutrality, is implementing a foreign policy aimed at ensuring the well-being of the peoples of the region and the whole world.

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    In this regard, the effective nature of Turkmenistan’s long-term interaction with the UN and its specialized structures was emphasized. This fruitful partnership is also embodied in the implementation of constructive initiatives of a regional and global nature put forward by the Turkmen side, in the joint implementation of major projects and programs in various fields.

  • The working visit of the President of Turkmenistan to Tajikistan has begun

    Today, President of Turkmenistan Serdar Berdimuhamedov left on a working visit to the Republic of Tajikistan to participate in the fifth Consultative Meeting of the Heads of State of Central Asia, as well as in the meeting of the Council of Heads of State of the founders of the International Fund for Saving the Aral Sea.

    The head of Turkmenistan was seen off by officials at the capital's International Airport.

    Upon arrival at the Dushanbe International Airport, where the National Flags of the Central Asian countries were raised on flagpoles and a Guard of Honour was formed, the President of Turkmenistan was met by officials. According to the established good tradition of hospitality, the head of the Turkmen state was presented with flowers.

    Strengthening and building up effective interaction with neighbouring states in the region, with whose peoples the Turkmen people are united by strong ties of friendship, cultural and civilizational community, and historically established ties, is one of the priority areas of the foreign policy of the independent neutral Fatherland. This creative, peace-loving strategy, initiated by the National Leader of the Turkmen people, Chairman of the Halk Maslahaty Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov and now consistently implemented by President Serdar Berdimuhamedov, has received universal support and recognition from the international community.

    Advocating for a systematic and balanced approach to issues of regional cooperation, taking into account the interests of all parties, based on mutual respect and goodwill, Turkmenistan puts forward specific proposals in this direction. In this context, it should be noted that our country has repeatedly become the venue for regional summit meetings.

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    Attention was paid to FDIs. It was noted at the meeting that the volume of FDIs in 2022 grew by 61.1% to make up 2 billion USD, which is a historical maximum of FDIs made in the country so far.
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