The President of Turkmenistan - Scientific studies by the youth plays great role in technological and innovative progress
President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov congratulated the winners of the Best Youth Works contest timed to the Day of Science.
Modernization of national economy, establishment of modern industrial facilities making wide variety of competitive production, which is on high demand on local and foreign markets, realization of the projects of global importance achieve high results in social and economic development of the state. The reforms improving the basis of economic growth are successfully implemented, which is stipulated by the core objectives in science and technologies, the message of the Head of Turkmen State says.
National science system, which priority directions are studied by scientific and research facilities and universities, was modernized as well as the structure of profile institutes was improved for the short period. In this context, scientific and innovative activities supporting the development of society are developed, scientific and technological achievements are gradually implemented, all conditions for mastering of new knowledge about the nature, environment and human being are made. All of these enhance the training and formation of young generation of high-class specialists who devoted themselves to science and creativity.
Creative initiatives and scientific studies made by our youth deserve the highest appraisal in acceleration of the rates of scientific, technical, technological and innovative progress.
Filling the ranks of young scientists, engineers, technologists and specialists who presented multifaceted and substantial scientific studies in such priority subjects as Nano, chemical and computer technologies, development of new materials, energy sphere, biotechnologies, molecular biology, agriculture, ecology and genetics, information and communication systems, health protection and production of medicine and drugs, innovative economy and humanitarian sciences at the contest organized by the Academy of Sciences of Turkmenistan with the Central Council of Magtumguly Youth Organization are important step toward the bringing creative potential of our society to new level.
Turkmen land was the place where science and education, culture and art were reigning for thousands of years. Great sons of Turkmen nation formed scientific schools of the East and the West by their first priceless discoveries and numerous inventions in astronomy, chemistry, physics, mathematics, geometry, medicine, music art, history and literature and linguistics in such cities as Merv, Nisa, Urgench, Abiverd and Serakhs.
In XXI, our main goal is to improve the position of Turkmenistan located along the Silk Road as one of the most developed and strong states in the world. For achievement of this target, Turkmen people who paid special attention to science and education from ancient times expects new discoveries from young generations aimed at the improvement of the world prestige and glory of our state.
Our youth, our future has to make deserving contribution to the great achievements for prosperity and progress of the country by their knowledge, love of native land and people, - the message highlights.
The World Bicycle Day instituted by the Resolution of the United Nations General Assembly by the initiative of President of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov was observed for the first time in many countries on June 3.
The Resolution of the UN general Assembly greeted and support huge work carried out in Turkmenistan for support of sport, physical training and health improving movement, formation of ecological culture of the society and cooperation in this sphere between the states and nations.
By the suggestion of Head of the State Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov, the Vehicle-free Day was timed to the World Bicycle Day in Turkmenistan. The Head of the State took part in mass action together with the compatriots, which became an exemplary input too health-improving movement in the country, to support of cycling, popularization of sports in general as well as the call for assertion of new ecological understanding, for improvement of responsibility of the society for the environment.
According to the President’s opinion, such actions support the improvement of health of the population, growth of ecological wealth and popularization of cycling. Such events motivate the participants for further going in for favourite sports more systematically. In addition, sports mass actions together with health-improving and educational direction bring positive emotional charge combining entertainment and propaganda functions.
Participation of President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov in this event highlights the status of not only current event but also all projects related to health of the nation, serves as vivid evidence that formation of integrated national system of physical, spiritual and moral improvement is the government political dominant.
These days, cyclists of all ages can be seen everywhere. Together with boys and girls, many adults recall the feeling of the childhood riding two-wheel vehicle. There are many of those who ride the bicycles for the first time. every day, the number of supporters of this transport grows. It is obvious that the idea has not just been adopted but found wide response and numerous followers, which indicates its appropriateness and requirement.
Early in the morning, numerous capital citizens gathered on the bikes in picturesque place of Turkmen capital near Kopetdag Avenue and Julge Street roundabout from where beautiful panoramic view of Ashgabat opens.
There are members of the Government, leaders of the Parliament, military and law enforcement agencies, ministries and departments of the country, representatives of non-governmental organizations and mass media, diplomats and youth among the participants. Joyful elated mood and energy of nice and healthy morning reign among them.
President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov came there, to the starting point of mass cycling raid. Talking to the heads of famous international organizations and world cycling champions, the Head of the State expressed the gratitude to them for the participation in current event and had joint photo with them by their request.
When everything was ready to start the race, the President of Turkmenistan addressed greeting speech to the participants.
Having reminded that relative Resolution co-sponsored by 56 countries was adopted after proposal of Turkmenistan at the 82nd plenary meeting of the 72nd session of the UN General Assembly on April 12, 2018, the President mentioned that declaration of June 3 as the World Bicycle Day was the evidence of unanimous recognition of the initiatives of our state aimed at the consolidation of peace, friendship and fruitful cooperation.
This historical event is another evidence of growing international authority of Turkmenistan and its commitment to the principles of peace-loving, humanity and efficient cooperation. The Head of the State also expressed special gratitude to President of International Cycling Union David Lappartient for his support in development of cycling in Turkmenistan.
The cycling is widely spread in the world and in one of the most known sports included in the programme of the Olympic Games. Its history began front he first big races held in France between Paris and Rouen in 1869, the Head of the State continued.
At present, the cycling not only reflects the changes in sport sphere but also is the evidence of the triumph of peace-loving goals, friendship and solidarity of humankind, President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov said, having highlighted that our country pays great attention to rapprochement of the nations, consolidation of peace, positive relations and cooperation in the planet.
Turkmenistan intensifies and consolidates the collaboration with International Olympic Committee, Olympic Council of Asia, the UN Office on Sports for Development and Peace, the World Health Organization as well with other competent interregional associations in this direction.
Turkmen leader highlighted that bicycle helps to take care of the environment and to improve health among the main advantages of such ecologically friendly transport as bicycle, which has been used by people for more than 200 years.
Famous guest from different world countries took part in current cycling raid. There are triple Olympic Champion Vyacheslav Ekimov, World Champion Sergey Nikitenko and other titled sportsmen and lovers of cycling.
Taking the opportunity, the Head of the State expressed the gratitude to them for the participation in this event as well as to the representatives of the Guinness World Record Book for the Certificate for the largest cycling awareness lesson. This prestigious award supplemented the list of our entries to the collection of the world records.
Having again cordially congratulated the participants on the World Bicycle Day, the President wished them strong health, prosperity and great success.
After, Sheida Subashi, the Official Representative of the Guinness World Records made speech.
First of all, the guest congratulated President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov and people of Turkmenistan on the first World Bicycle Day and expressed deep gratitude for the opportunity to come to our country again and to take part in these events dedicated to new remarkable date.
After, Mrs Subashi informed that new world record has been registered during cycling awareness lesson in Ashgabat Stadium on June 1, 2018. 3246 people took part in this event, during which master class on riding a bicycle was given and awareness work on traffic safety and ecological education was carried out. As for today, this was the largest by number of people cycling training.
This fact was officially registered by the Guinness World Records and confirmed by relative certificate, which was presented during current event on occasion of the World Bicycle Day. Therefore, Turkmen capital was entered again into the World Records Book, having continued the series of its achievements including in sports. There are already the facilities of Ashgabat Olympic village in the Book. These are the image of Ahalteke horse at the Olympic Stadium and Water Sports Complex with the largest indoor swimming pool.
After, President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov gave start to mass cycling race and headed the column. The Head of the State was followed by the members of the Government of the country. As it was mentioned in the speech of the Head of the State, members of Russian delegation – President of ARETI International Group of Companies I. Makarov, President of Russian Cycling Federation V. Ekimenko, World Champion S. Nikitenko and other famous sportsmen, who arrived in the country were honourable guests of the event.
During the raid, the Head of the State had a conversation with I. Makarov who noted again that weather and climate conditions in Turkmenistan allow conducting cycling trainings and competitions almost all year around.
Having said that Turkmenistan realizes programme measures for popularization of cycling and attraction of all population especially the youth to this environmentally friendly sport, the President gave number of valuable recommendation to the guest on expansion and development of international cooperation in this direction. Exchange of practices, establishment of bilateral contacts will provide the creation of necessary opportunities for integrated development of cycling.
It is worth mentioning that 190 national federation and 5 continental cycling confederations as well as great numbers of lovers in parts of the planet joined the celebration of the World Bicycle Day. They are all united by the idea of Turkmen leader to create and develop cycling culture for the citizens of all ages and physical abilities would be able to take part in this movement and to enjoy the riding with the use for their health.
Cycling raid and cultural events of occasion of the World Bicycle Day will promote the improvement of the image of Turkmenistan as a country of health and sports.
Turkmenistan adopted the state programmes developed at the request of President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov on training of high-class sportsmen and started integrated reforms. All regions of the country including Avaza National Tourist zone have sport facilities, stadiums, equestrian complexes, specialized sport schools, entertainment and recreation centres and sanatoriums.
Ashgabat itself has around 40 facilities equipped in accordance with the requirements of International Olympic Committee including the Olympic village, which has 16 structures designated for various sports. Having successfully conducted V Asian Indoor and Martial Arts Games in 2017, Turkmenistan appeared in front of the world as the country with the capabilities of organization of international sport competitions.
The programme of the Games also included the track racings. Competitions of this spectacular discipline were held at one of the facilities of the Olympic Village – an excellent Indoor Racing Track. Its track meet relative international standards and modern requirements for such facilities by all parameters.
Facilities of the track allow conducting international competitions and tournaments including the world championships. The facility has all necessary infrastructure making optimal conditions for sportsmen and coaches, technical and service personnel and, of course, for the spectators - the lovers of this sport.
New page in the history of national cycling movement has been opened after the opening of indoor track at the Olympic village in Ashgabat as the such kind of facility was built for the first time in Turkmenistan. The quality of the facility was appreciated not only by the participants of test national competitions but also by the specialist of International Cycling Union, having expressed the interest in organization of the world championships there.
President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov went the distance of 8,500 metres along Kopetdag Avenue and finished at the Path of Health.
In the conversation with the members of the Gvernment and leaders of military and law enforcement agencies, the Head of the State noted that Turkmenistan hosts big international competitions this year – International Rally Amul – Hazar 2018 and the World Weightlifting Championship. We have good experience in organization of such large-scale events, the President said, having requested to prepare thoroughly to coming competitions and to provide their high level.
The President also instructed to familiarize the course of preparation to the start ceremony of International rally Amul – Hazar 2018 on site as well as ordered to hold the session with relative managers for coordination of the activity of different departments and structures involved in organization of the races.
Having said goodbye to the participants of cycling raid, the Head of the State left the place of event and went to the Motorsport Centre located in the north of the capital, having added training driving to the sport part of the holiday.
Other cyclists continued their way along the streets of Ashgabat. Overall length of the route was 30 km.
There were representatives of working collectives of the ministries and departments, offices and organizations, which have their own team with appropriate equipment, among the cyclists.
There is a tendency of the development of sport participatory in the country and cycling is one of available and “folk” type of physical activity. Finally, cycling is a great emotional pleasure and wonderful opportunity to study the world, visit sanctuary parts of the nature without making any harm to environment. Therefore, it is no wonder that bicycle was the winner of the international poll on the most outstanding invention of humankind. By number of votes, it took over the telephone and internet together.
The fact that 56 countries representing almost all regions of the planet were the co-authors of the UN document of International Bicycle Day speaks of the appropriateness and importance of this initiative, its requirement in modern world.
The celebration was held not only in our white-marble beautiful capital but also in all velayats. Live assertion power of the urge to physical and spiritual perfectness brought out numerous supporters of healthy life style to the roads and highways all around the country.
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International Bicycle Day was also marked in many countries of the world where sport and entertainment actions were held on June 3. Turkmenistan Embassies to foreign countries initiated cycling races. Such mass raids with the participation of Turkmen and foreign diplomats, heads of non-governmental, sport organizations, the youth including Turkmen students studying in foreign universities were held in the capitals of the People’s Republic of China, the Republic of Korea, Japan, Russia, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Thailand and other countries.
Every year on 3 May, the world marks Press Freedom Day. It’s a day on which we are reminded of the role of free media as a cornerstone of democracy, of the importance of media pluralism, of the significance of objective, quality, ethical journalism in informing citizens and defending their interests, holding the powerful to account.
We hear a lot about independence, but less about what independence really means. We think of independent opinion, of the journalists who investigate, who often face the most direct threats, but far less of the media managers in the offices behind them, ensuring that their stories can go to air or print, that wages and suppliers can be paid.
It’s an issue of which the European Union is acutely aware. “The threats to free journalism are complex,”European Neighbourhood Commissioner Johannes Hahn told an Eastern Partnership media conference last September: “Vested interests and concentration of media ownership often make it difficult for independent media to survive,” he added, highlighting the vital importance of “looking for ways to achieve economic sustainability of the media”.
“There is a lot of support for content, for journalism, but local media need more help to become sustainable,”confirms Veselin Vačkov, director of the oldest and most prestigious Czech daily newspaper Lidové noviny, who has been working with the EU-funded OPEN Media Hub project, leading a series of media management workshops and master classes in Eastern Partnership countries, focused on increased organisational and financial management skills, and ways to maximise revenues from print and online.
Vačkov says the media he has worked with in Armenia, Georgia and Ukraine are aware of media ethics, and work very hard to be balanced and to produce quality work, “even by Western standards”.
“But if you are dependent on state support, on the support of a local entrepreneur or oligarch, even on EU money, you soon find out that you are not entirely free.”
Financial pressure can be far more effective than overt political pressure in strangling independent media, says Artur Corghencea, news director at PRO TV in Chisinau – a leading independent media in the Republic of Moldova. “Financial independence is synonymous with editorial independence – the Moldovan authorities have understood this and are trying to make it difficult for independent media to survive,” he said.
Last year, the authorities introduced new rules obliging television channels to produce at least eight hours of local programming a day, six of them during prime time. “Beside the fact that this is an unbearable financial burden for most stations, including PRO TV Chisinau,” this meant television stations were not allowed to broadcast high-rating foreign programmes at prime-time, such as football or Holywood movies – “and these are the programmes that attract advertising and therefore money,” said Corghencea.
PRO TV has managed to step back from the brink with the help of the European Endowment for Democracy (EED), a foundation supported by the European Union, that provides grants to organisations promoting democracy and human rights. EED funding has helped PRO TV to develop four new shows, including ‘In PROfunzime’ a weekly political talk show that has become one of the most popular programmes in Moldova, as well as popular entertainment shows.
“Thanks to EED support, we have been able to meet the quota of locally-made production”, but also to build a more sustainable base for the future, says Corghencea. “Because the shows are popular and have high ratings, we are convinced that we will gain advertising in the future with these programmes, despite the difficult circumstances.”
EED support also helped PRO TV to build production teams and in-house capacity for the programmes. “These teams now have the experience to continue producing the shows and to initiate new TV projects in the future,” said Corghencea.
But financial pressures are not only political. In fact, most of the challenges facing media in the Eastern Partner countries are very similar to those that have swept the media landscape in Western European countries in recent years, says Veselin Vačkov. Among them, he lists the loss of circulation in the print media, compounded by the economic crisis, the transition from print to digital and the difficulties of raising revenue online, the need to invest in new technology, as well as the squeeze in advertising revenue.
His media management training – which is also available as an online course – addresses all these issues and more. “We have had a very positive feedback,” says Vačkov. “Participants are really glad to have this support for a much healthier future.”
Operating a successful media business in a small market is a challenge in itself, according to Lyudmila Chekina, CEO at TUT.BY, the leading online news portal in Belarus, employing more than 50 editorial staff and read by 42.9% of all Belarusian internet users.
“A successful financial model enables an independent media outlet to survive,” she says. “Increased profitability also enables an outlet to be independent of large corporate advertisers.”
Though the company had grown from a start-up in 2000 to a major digital media player, its dependence on the brand advertising market in Belarus and increasing online competition, including from foreign players, meant TUT.BY needed to develop its organisational structure and introduce better operational processes to stay ahead of the game.
To do so, it turned to the EU-funded Advice for Small Businesses programme, implemented by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, which connected TUT.BY with a team of international business consultants. “The project helped the company improve significantly its operational performance, provided advice on its video sector development and budgeting, as well as enabled it to make some strategic decisions that changed its structure,” said Chekina.
As a result, earnings are up 20%. “For sure, the improved earning capacity has gradually increased the editorial budget and the number of employed journalists,” she says, adding: “Our earning capacity helps us to preserve our independence.”
Lyudmila Chekina is confident looking forward, but conscious of the need to diversify for growth: “In small countries, the limited market is a key problem for the media operating based on an advertising model. Therefore, we believe that the development of content projects with the possibility to expand into large markets and media cooperation with leading service companies in other markets… are the most forward-looking and efficient strategies.”
On World Press Freedom Day, it’s a reminder that independent media needs a sustainable business model to keep the stories coming out.
“Running a media is not only writing articles,” Veselin Vačkov reminds participants in his media management workshops. “Sustainability is more of a challenge than quality. And the more the media is economically successful, the freer we are as journalists.”
Author: Kosta St. Pavlowitch (former BBC journalist, contributor to Radio France Internationale and Editor in Chief of the Cyprus Mail newspaper)
OPEN Media Hub
The OPEN Media Hub is an EU-funded project supporting media professionals across the EU Neighbourhood area. A total of 753 people have benefited from the project’s media management actions across the Neighbourhood region, including 244 individual media managers, with follow-up in-house management consultations for selected independent media. The Media Hub’s four online courses – which are open to everyone and also available in Russian – have been followed by 350 users, with 148 taking the course on media management. www.openmediahub.com www.openmediahub.com/e-learning
European Endowment for Democracy
The European Endowment for Democracy (EED) is an independent grant-giving organisation that supports actors of democratic change in the European Neighbourhood and beyond. It is a joint initiative of EU member states and institutions, and receives EU funding to cover its operating costs. The EED assists pro-democratic civil society organisations, movements and individual activists acting in favour of a pluralistic multiparty system regardless of their size or formal status, as well as independent media and journalists. Support to independent media is a key area of EED work in the EU neighbourhood. www.democracyendowment.eu
„This year marks the 25th anniversary of Georgia's membership in the UN. I would like to say with pride that over this period, we have managed to transform our country from a UN humanitarian aid recipient into a regional leader that now serves as the Chair of the Open Government Partnership" - with these words the Prime Minister of Georgia addressed the representatives of the diplomatic corps, international and non-governmental organizations attending the UN Day Reception.
Prime Minister congratulated the UN Resident Coordinator in Georgia Niels Scott and spoke about the UN-Georgia fruitful cooperation.
"Our success story is in many ways connected to the fruitful and active involvement of the United Nations in Georgia and a very important cooperation that we have in so many fields. We cooperate with 13 UN agencies in the most important directions, such as democratic governance, human rights, rule of law, economic and social development, healthcare, education, employment and environmental protection. We have gained huge experience and we are very well aware of the importance of cooperation with the UN structures. Today, from this tribune, I would like to reassert that Georgia firmly supports the UN's engagement in the country as well as throughout the region in terms of fortification of the stability and achieving sustainable development. It is our Government's honor to serve as the chair of OGP and contribute to a powerful global movement for openness and deeper democracies that promotes the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals, especially Goal 16: "Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels," - the Prime Minister stated.
The head of the Government also commented on the first plenary session of the Sustainable Development Goal Council that was held today. According to him, respective platform is a clear indication of the close cooperation in terms of implementation of the 2030 Agenda.
"Every country and government has joined this path of global transformation and integration of economic, social and environmental dimensions of sustainable development into the national priorities. Georgia has already taken steps to reinforce the effective governance and ensure the participation of all relevant stakeholders in the decision making process. That's precisely why Georgia remains committed to the UN and its work. I would like to once again thank Niels Scott and his colleagues for their tireless efforts in contributing to Georgia's development. We look forward to many more years of constructive, stronger partnership between Georgia and UN agencies," - the Prime Minister of Georgia noted.
UN Resident Coordinator in Georgia Niels Scott also emphasized the UN-Georgia cooperation and the progress achieved by the country.
"Since Georgia joined the United Nations in 1992 in the midst of internal and external adversity and chaos, it has not only undergone a remarkable transformation, but also become a highly active and much-esteemed member of the UN. Georgia continues to make substantial contribution to UN's works on security, peace, development and human rights. This dynamic of international engagement reflects the strong will of Georgian government and people to support the work of the UN for stronger, more sustainable economic growth, clean environment and water, equal opportunities and gender equality, better education and healthcare and a decent life to all. I would therefore like to thank once more the government and people of Georgia for this valuable partnership and enabling the UN to continue contributing to Georgia's development," - Niels Scott noted.
The 25th Jubilee of the Georgian Aviation was marked at the military airfield of Alekseevka Combined Air Squadron. Minister of Defence Levan Izoria, Chief of the General Staff of the GAF Major General Vladimer Chachibaia, Aviation and Air Defence Commander LTC Sergo Ninua, Ministry of Defence representatives and high ranking officers attended the 25th anniversary .
Before beginning the celebrations, Minister laid wreath on the memorial of hero warriors fallen in fights for the territorial integrity of Georgia. A solemn ceremony was opened by the Georgian State Anthem. To honour the memory of the fallen soldiers, the invited guests held a minute of silence.
Defence Minister addressed the military personnel and congratulated them on the 25th anniversary of the formation of Georgian aviation. Minister Levan Izoria focused on the implemented defence reforms and informed the audience about the future plans of modernizing military equipment in cooperation with Georgia`s strategic partners and purchasing unmanned aerial vehicles.
The MoD leadership awarded the military servicemen with service medals and presents. Minister Levan Izoria granted four military servicemen a 7,62X54 mm sniper rifle and Major General Vladimer Chachibaia awarded two military servicemen with service guns. LTC Sergo Ninua bestowed medal “Devoted to Motherland” on five military for 20 or more years of outstanding military service and II rank medal “For Impeccable Service in Defence System”- on one military serviceman.
After the event, the military equipment was displayed at the military airfield.
The formation of the Georgian military aviation dates back in August 20 1918, when the first Georgian Military Aviation Unit was formed under the decision of Georgian Parliament. In February of 1921, Georgian military pilots fought vigorously against the Soviet occupation and carried out several successful attacks against the adversary near Tbilisi.
After Georgia regained independence in 1992, Military-Air Force and Air-Defence Division was established which was made into the Main Division in 1993. In spring of 2010, Military Air Force became subordinated to Land Forces. Today, Aviation and Air Defence Command is in the subordination of the General Staff of the GAF.
In the last period of time, the qualification and combat preparation level of engineer-technical personnel and pilots has significantly improved through numerous exercises and trainings on the basis of multi-annual cooperation with NATO and Partner countries. With the help of the allied countries, Georgian military education system was streamlined as result, National Defence Academy and Giorgi Antsukhelidze NCO Training Centre are preparing aviation officers and sergeants.
From the next year, the salary of NCOs will increase that will be additional motivation for the career and professional development of sergeants”, declared Minister of Defence of Georgia Levan Izoria in Giorgi Antsukhelidze NCO Training Centre where the NCO Corps` Day was marked.
Marking the NCO`s Corps Day began by a life-fire exercise in Kojori. The military personnel of the NCO Training Centre conducted an ambush operation after receiving an operative order.
Defence Minister Levan Izoria and Chief of the GS of the GAF Major-General Vladimer Chachibaia congratulated the sergeants on their professional day and focused on the future prospects. A new educational programme is being developed in the NCO Training Centre, which covers the necessary knowledge for the Brigade and Battalion sergeants. Besides that a new concept of professional and career development is in the process of discussion that serves to the further improvement of NCO selection system, their professional education and career development.
The solemn ceremony continued with awarding of sergeants. Defence Minister Levan Izoria granted the Order of Honour to Master Sergeant Koba Tsirekidze for a special personal contribution provided in the building of independent Georgian state. The military of NCO Training Centre were also bestowed on I and II rank medals for “Impeccable Service”.
The NCO Corps was created soon after formation of the GAF. Today, Georgia has one of the best Centres corresponding to NATO standards and is oriented at the enhancement of professional standards of sergeants. The role of NCOs is significant for the Armed Forces as they are the pillar and the main core of the army.