This week, the Parliament of Georgia presented an Action Plan that outlines key parliamentary activities for 2019-2020 designed to support the implementation of the EU-Georgia Association Agreement.
Organised with the assistance of the EU and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the presentation event brought together Georgian law-makers and representatives of civil society, diplomatic missions and international organizations.
Carl Hartzell, Ambassador of the EU to Georgia, noted the increased role of the parliament in the implementation of the Association Agreement.
“The EU acknowledges Georgia’s good progress in the implementation of the country’s commitments under the Association Agreement,” Ambassador Hartzell said. “The Parliament of Georgia, as a key institution in this parliamentary democracy, plays an indispensable role in overseeing the implementation process and ensuring further democratic and other reforms.”
The Action Plan has been developed based on the findings of a baseline study supported by the EU and UNDP in 2017.
The Action Plan was adopted by the Parliament Bureau on 19 March 2019. It aims to streamline parliamentary activities and foster a strategic and uniform approach to the process across all involved committees. Three strategic goals described in the Action Plan refer to law-making and legislative approximation, oversight of the implementation of the Association Agreement, and effective public outreach and communication.
The Assembly today called for a series of measures aimed at stopping sexism and sexual harassment in politics, including in parliaments. These recommendations are addressed to national parliaments, but also to political parties and governments.
They focus on raising awareness of this phenomenon (which is commonplace but widespread and systematic) through surveys and public debate, as well as the introduction of effective complaint procedures and mechanisms for parliaments with effective sanctions that are proportional to the seriousness of the facts and accessible to both Members and staff. Data collection, monitoring and research in this area should also be intensified.
Following the proposals of the rapporteur, Thorhildur Sunna AEvarsdottir (Iceland, SOC), the Assembly also called for the modification of its Code of Conduct to introduce an explicit ban on sexism, sexual harassment and sexual violence, and a reference to the protection of dignity.
As the extent of the problem of violence against women in politics has started to be understood only very recently - as part of the #MeToo movement and following a joint IPU/PACE study - all parliaments are invited to join and support the #NotInMyParliament initiative.
The ongoing work and future plans of the Georgian parliament in reforming its research and analytical service were discussed on 20 December in Georgia.
The discussion was organised by the Parliament of Georgia with assistance from the EU and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
The Parliament of Georgia has been making efforts to reform its research and analytical service since early 2018, aiming to supply MPs with evidence-based information, ensure high-quality research and provide impartial and comprehensive support to law making and government oversight.
In line with the newly adopted Rules of Procedure of the Parliament of Georgia, the reformed research and analytical centre will be registered as a Legal Entity of Public Law, which will make it more flexible in hiring professional researchers and working with donors.
The reform is expected to be completed in spring 2019.
The initiative is part of the ongoing institutional reform of the Georgian parliament supported by the EU and UNDP under their wider programme for stronger parliamentary democracy in Georgia.
Overcoming of the “Hate Speech” in Georgia must start by the active engagement of the parliament, such narratives were mentioned on a meeting at Shota Rustaveli Hall of the Parliament of Georgia on January 15, where it was presented the publication by “XXI Century” and Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung. Publication emphases the aforementioned problem and the European experience how to deal with it.
Our new book -"Hate Speech" - The book, the first publication in Georgia involving comprehensive materials on hate speech, deals with general information on hate speech and its definition, respective international legal documents and recommendations, relevant decisions by the European Court of Human Rights, hate speech in the laws of the EU member states and ECRI recommendations for Georgia.
The publication has been prepared by the Union Century 21, within the scope of the project "The Problem of Hate Speech and Facilitation to its Resolution in Georgia".
The project was implemented with the support of Friedrich-Ebert Stiftung.
The Georgian Parliament has approved the state budget for the upcoming year of 2018.
The document presented by new Financial Minister Mamuka Bakhtadze, was unanimously approved by the MPs with 111 votes in favor.
Debates and discussion preceded the voting all day long.
The total volume of the state budget increases reaching 12,441 billion GEL.
The hereby Agreement will allow Georgian entrepreneurs introducing own goods and services to the largest world market without bureaucratic impediments.
Besides, the agreement will facilitate to increase of trade turnover between the signatory countries. The document provides active cooperation in various directions and defines free trade conditions.
The Agreement facilitates to economic development of the country and better employment. Besides, the document will encourage entry of potential foreign investors to Georgia.
The negotiations on the agreement started on November 10, 2015 in China within the World Economic Forum after the meeting of the Prime Ministers of Georgia and China. Georgia is the first country in the region with free trade agreement with China.
The European Commission for Democracy through Law (the “Venice Commission”) published today its new draft opinion on the draft Constitution of Georgia as adopted in the second reading in June 2017, as well as on the letter submitted by the Georgian authorities to the Venice Commission on 20 September 2017, in which they committed themselves to consider new amendments.
The Venice Commission in its draft opinion reiterated its previous positive assessment of the draft Constitution, but once again underlined that any major constitutional reform must reach the widest possible consensus.
A major obstacle to reaching consensus, the report says, is the postponement to October 2024 of the entry into force of the proportional system for election of the Parliament. The Venice Commission called it “undoubtedly highly regrettable” as the passage to the proportional system is “the most important aspect of the reform”. “However, the commitment of the parliamentary majority in the letter of 20 September 2017 to consider allowing party blocks, together with the reduction of the election threshold to 3% at the 2020 elections is to be welcomed, since those amendments aim to alleviate the negative effects of the postponement.”
The new complex system for the distribution of unallocated mandates adopted in the second reading reduces the effects of the bonus for the winning party, but still very much favours the strongest party in the country. The bonus system is also a main obstacle to the acceptance of the Constitution by opposition parties and civil society, and the Venice Commission therefore strongly welcomes the commitment of the parliamentary majority to consider abandoning the bonus system altogether and adopting the full proportional distribution system as from 2024. “Such a system would favour pluralism in parliament and be fully in line with European standards. The Venice Commission expects that this step will not only be considered but immediately adopted,” the document says.
The Venice Commission has also welcomed, inter alia, the introduction of the requirement of a qualified majority of 2/3 of the votes of the Election Board in a presidential election; the lifetime appointment for the judges of the Supreme Court; the abolition of probationary periods for judges as from 31 December 2024; and the election of the Public Defender for a longer term (6 years instead of 5) by a qualified majority in parliament.
Additional recommendations provided by the Venice Commission include removing the prohibition of “creation of political parties on territorial grounds”, reconsidering the rules limiting the role of the Constitutional Court in reviewing electoral legislation; and modifying the process of the appointment of Supreme Court judges to better guarantee their independence.
The President of Georgia, H.E. Giorgi Margvelashvili has not considered the request of the Chairman of the Parliament, Mr. Irakli Kobakhidze to convene the special session and called on the Parliament not to adopt uncoordinated constitutional amendments in the accelerated manner.
"My refusal has a political content. I call on the Parliament not to adopt uncoordinated amendments in the accelerated manner. I encourage the Parliament to return to the recommendations and remarks suggested by the Venice Commission and propose the improved version of the Constitution. Let us create a document of agreement; the document that will be based on consensus and the fundamental principles proposed by the Venice Commission. We should not cause problems for the development of the Georgian democracy.
I hope that in this difficult period, respected deputies, the Parliamentary majority will not get involved in this extremely accelerated regime and continue to discuss the Constitution according to the principles that I have proposed", - stated President Margvelashvili.
The President has also assessed yesterday's decision of the parliamentary majority regarding the constitutional reform as an amendment that aims at reducing the power of the President’s Institute.
"Refusal of a transition to the proportional system - this amendment entirely changes the proposed project of the constitutional reform, which has been discussed by the Georgian society and the Venice Commission.
The name itself - fundamental amendments to the Constitution - and our expectation imply that the Georgian society would have taken another step in improving the Constitution; however, the only fundamental change which was made, was reducing the power of the President’s Institute. This concerns to the indirect presidential election system, functions and rights of a commander-in-chief and abolition of the National Security Council, all included in the draft; overall, all issues that we have been discussing from the very beginning when the Constitutional Commission was formed. This is a version of the Constitution, which has been adopted as a result of the attitude, directed against the President’s Institute”, - pointed out the President.
The Diaspora and Caucasus Issues Committee and Georgian Young Lawyers Association (GYLA) organized the event “Books for Emigrants from Georgia”. MPs, executive authorities and public organizations, as well as Staff members provided the books for the “Book Bank” for compatriots residing abroad.
The Chair of the Diaspora Committee, Zviad Kvachantiradze addressed the attendees and thanked the GYLA for the initiative. “When we were offered to support the initiative we did it with our pleasure as we saw that there is the highest interest in the society towards Georgian Diasporas and emigrants. I call on everyone, MPs and Government, as well as society to support this initiative. Our aim is to establish more Geo-lingual libraries abroad”.
He emphasized attitude of the state towards Diaspora and emigrants. “Our Government strives to maintain the Georgian Diaspora and emigrants issue in agenda upon relations with the partners. I believe the decision made by the Government entrusting relations with Georgian Diaspora to the Foreign Ministry has triggered our relations and enhancement of relations with our emigrants. We will always try and facilitate to emigrants in enhancement of links with Georgia and ensure to make this process mutually interesting, profitable and future-oriented”.
The GYLA Chair, Ana Natsvlishvili stated that this event is the part of the wider campaign implemented by GYLA countrywide on the basis of the appeals of Georgian emigrants from various countries (Poland, Turkey, Greece, Ukraine, Italy). She thanked the Parliament and the Committee for support of the EU mission project. “I am happy that the Parliament and the Diaspora Committee are very positive regarding our initiative and planned this wonderful event. I would like to thank every person making this event possible and I would also like to thank the EU mission supporting our wide scale project on migration issues. This event is the symbol of unity of the Government and civil sector and we will be glad for further enhancement of this cooperation”.
Tamar Chugoshvili: I would hail if the Speaker of the Parliament and the President of Georgia jointly introduce the Constitutional Changes to the populationFriday, 05 May 2017 10:14
The Parliament invites the President of Georgia to participate in public consideration of the Constitutional Changes, as stated by the First Vice Speaker, Tamar Chugoshvili.
“Regarding the public consideration of the Constitutional Changes, we have offer to the President – we want to invite him to participate in public considerations. I would hail the fact if the Speaker of the Parliament and the President of Georgia jointly introduce the Constitutional Changes to the population, especially that the President and his Administration have already started this process for a certain period and we start it now deriving from the requirements of the Rules of Procedure. However, we can consolidate these two processes”.