Council Presidency and European Parliament provisionally agree not to accept Russian travel documents issued in occupied Ukraine and GeorgiaTuesday, 15 November 2022 12:13
On 10 November, the Council Presidency and the European Parliament reached a preliminary agreement on a decision not to accept Russian travel documents issued in Ukraine and Georgia. The agreed text is subject to approval by the Council and the European Parliament before formal adoption.
This decision is a response to Russia’s military aggression against Ukraine and its practice of issuing Russian passports to residents of the occupied regions. It also follows Russia’s unilateral decision to recognise the independence of the Georgian territories of Abkhazia and South Ossetia in 2008.
Russian travel documents issued in the Russian-occupied regions of Ukraine or the breakaway territories of Georgia, as well as to persons residing in these regions, will not be accepted as valid travel documents for obtaining visas or crossing Schengen borders.
Russian travel documents issued in these regions are no longer recognised or are in the process of non-recognition by the EU Member States. This decision is therefore aimed at developing a common EU approach and ensuring the proper functioning of the external border.
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The Parliament endorsed the Bill on Deoligarchization in I reading with 80 to 9 votes. The document has been elaborated in compliance with EC’s 12 recommendations proposed for Georgia.
The following matters are governed by the proposed law: The definition of the term "oligarch"; the issues of identifying someone as an oligarch and having them entered into the appropriate register; the issues of having someone removed from the register of oligarchs and the production of that register; the legal repercussions of doing so; the issues of certain people having to fill out declarations regarding their contact with the oligarch and their representative.
According to the document, an oligarch is a natural person who simultaneously satisfies at least three of the following conditions in order to have significant economic and political influence in public life: participates in political life; has a significant influence on mass media; is an ultimate beneficiary of the entrepreneurial legal entity, which occupies a dominant position in the market and which maintains or exercises this position for 1 year; the confirmed amount of his assets and those of entrepreneurial legal entities where he is a beneficiary, as of January 1 of the relevant year, exceeds 1,000,000 times the subsistence minimum established for able-bodied persons.
The Parliament of Georgia makes a decision on recognition of a person with significant economic and political weight in public life (oligarch).
Question about the event
Ambassador Degnan: Today was a great opportunity to come to Parliament with our new USAID Mission Director, John Pennell. We had a chance to talk about the many different areas of cooperation and partnership that USAID has throughout Georgia, from economic growth to energy independence, basic education, vocational education, industry-driven skills development, and of course, democracy and governance. We’ve done a lot of good work over the decades with Parliament on developing its oversight capabilities and helping to draft legislation in a number of different important ways that also protect the human rights of Georgian citizens. So, this was a wonderful opportunity to introduce our new USAID Mission Director. As the Speaker himself pointed out, much of his career has been spent in the development sector, in civil society, and so it was useful for us to exchange views on just how important of a role civil society and development organizations play in any government, especially here in Georgia where we’ve had such a long partnership over the last 30 years. I would say in that respect, some of the attacks against civil society have been particularly surprising. As many of the Members of Parliament who have worked in civil society before coming into government know, civil society plays a critical role in a healthy democracy. It’s sometimes uncomfortable to hear feedback from civil society, but that is their role. Their role is to protect the interests of the citizens and to hold the government accountable. Sometimes that feedback is uncomfortable, but they’re not there to work for the government. They’re not there to work for particular political parties. They’re there to work for the public and the rights of the citizens and to hold the government accountable. I think Georgia is fortunate to have a number of very professional, strong civil society organizations that are doing exactly that, whether it’s helping to clean the air, address climate change, or to help develop regulations that protect workers that improve communities. Civil society works across so many different sectors, and I think we should appreciate the good work that they do every day.
Question on new members of People’s Party
Ambassador Degnan: I’m not going to comment on the political developments in Georgia. I think the Georgian public can see very well what’s going on here. There is a confusing message coming from the government between aligning with those who seem to be moving to undermine the partnership between Georgia and the United States, and the statements from the Prime Minister and others about the importance of the partnership between the United States and Georgia and other strategic partners. I prefer to deal with facts. There’s plenty of disinformation and conspiracy theories out there. The facts are that for 30 years the United States has been committed to helping Georgia strengthen its security and supporting Georgia’s sovereignty. For 30 years, the United States has been supporting Georgia in developing its economy, in creating better jobs. I would say some of the good economic figures that we’re seeing in Georgia right now in part relate to the support that the United States, the EU, and other friends of Georgia provided to help cushion the outcome of the Covid pandemic and to help Georgia be in a good economic position coming out of this unprecedented situation, on top of the impact of the war or Russia’s war against Ukraine. For 30 years, the United States has also been trying to help Georgia build its democratic institutions so that the people of Georgia can have greater confidence that this country is moving toward a stronger, healthier democracy. That is what the people of Georgia have said they wanted for decades. The United States has been very proud and pleased to be able to help Georgia with all of those goals: stronger security, a stronger economy, and stronger democratic institutions. We look forward to continuing that partnership. Our meeting today with this speaker and his cabinet was a good chance to renew that partnership and to talk about the ways going forward that USAID and the US Embassy can continue to support Georgia on its path toward a Euro-Atlantic future. That’s what we all want to see: Georgia more fully integrated into the Euro-Atlantic family.
Question on de-oligarchization
Ambassador Degnan: The issue behind de-oligarchization in any country is how to address undue influence by anyone in the political or the economic processes of a country, anyone who’s trying to influence the operation of government and society through excess money or influence. It’s an issue that many countries grapple with, including my own. There are different ways that countries address undue influence in the political sector, and I think each country needs to debate that and come up with its own solution. I personally don’t think it’s always helpful to just borrow somebody else’s without tailoring it to the specifics of your country’s situation. There are many good examples out there that can be examined and crafted into something that is appropriate for Georgia, and the underlying problem, which is undue influence that affects the political will of the people. For instance, instead of having an election that reflects what the voters have voted, you have a distorted view because there’s been an undue influence on the process. What any law like this is meant to do is to try to ensure that there is transparency, accountability, and a level playing field so that the people’s voice is heard.
Parliament’s decision to intentionally pass wiretapping legislation that expands the government’s ability to monitor its citizens does not comply with European standards and is against the clear recommendations of the Venice Commission and Western partners. This law moves Georgia away from European integration, not towards it.
The Parliament heard the Report by the Public Broadcaster for 2021, introduced by the Chair of the PB Board of Trustees, Vasil Maglaperidze.
The reporter overviewed the program, context and activity priorities and informed MPs about the novelties of the broadcast network, ways of delivery of the product to the audience, platforms, program priority assessments etc. He highlighted the budget parameters and technical and technological novelties for the accounting period.
“The aspiration of Channel I is to join the Western civilization, which is inculcated through the news programs, documentaries or other material we offer to our audience”, - he noted.
After hearing the comprehensive answers, MPs their positions.
The Chair of the Human Rights and Civil Integration Committee, Mikheil Sarjveladze, when estimating the report, stated that the “Public Defender is a platform realizing the projects without the analog, including in Georgia. The immense responsibility this institution carries is precisely fulfilled, which implies the impartial information and social programs in the direction of civil integration and education”, - he stated.
Georgia's national anthem was played as the tenth convocation of Parliament opened the autumn session. According to the administration of the Parliament of Georgia, Shalva Papuashvili, the Speaker of the Parliament, greeted the lawmakers at the start of the session.
"We are commencing the autumn session, and I want to start by wishing you everyone a productive session. We have a full schedule, so it's crucial that you all participate fully in the work and that we complete this meeting with as many decisions that will be beneficial as possible.
At the same time, I'd like to extend a greeting and best wishes for a fruitful and engaging session to the parliamentary media. We wish to work with you since comprehensive coverage of the Parliament's actions is highly essential to us", - Shalva Papuashvili addressed to his colleagues and journalists.
The Parliament convenes twice a year, in the spring and autumn sessions. The first Tuesday in September marks the beginning of the autumn session, which ends on the third Friday in December.
According to the administration of the Parliament of Georgia, members of the faction "National Movement - Strength is in Unity" and political groups "Lelo - Partnership for Georgia" and "Reforms Group", as well as independent MPs, held a working meeting with representatives of non-governmental organizations regarding EC’s 12 recommendations.
The parties discussed the legislative measures required for the execution of the aforementioned suggestions and gave their perspectives on each one.
"We began the implementation phase of EC’s recommendations in close collaboration with the civil sector. In all twelve directions, we summarized the current state of affairs. We talked about 4-5 themes that are being created as legislative initiatives as well as 7-8 specific draft laws. It was discovered that extra meetings are required in a number of sectors. We continue to believe that in order to accomplish this crucial phase, Georgia's forces must be united as a whole. There are a couple of issues that we have also identified where we might back a political product developed with input from members of the ruling team. The most important thing is that we begin the autumn session with serious thoughts and ideas related to this specific issue. The government's ideas and problems are welcome for discussion. Because Europe anticipates us to have solidified and agreed-upon positions, we are prone to seeking consensus", - David Usupashvili, Chairman of the political group "Lelo - Partnership for Georgia” stated.
"The work procedure is actually coming to a close. Only four topics — justice, de-oligarchization, electoral reforms, and media-related issues — will be the subject of additional civil sector perspectives next week. The final text will therefore be made available to the public following the gathering of these four working groups. By the middle of September, we anticipate submitting those legislative packages to the Parliament that have not yet been registered", - Giorgi Vashadze, a member of the political group "Reforms Group" stated.
He also thanked his opposition colleagues and representatives of the civil sector for their active cooperation in the working groups and noted that this is exactly the process that Georgia needs to get the status of the European Union.
"We will uphold a document that we can call - "Mechanism for rapid accession to EU candidate status". This will be a document that we will sign with its legislative amendments", - Giorgi Vashadze added.
The Working Group at the Legal Issues Committee working on the judicial reform held a sitting with the agenda containing four issues.
According to the Chair of the Committee and the Head of the Group, Anri Okhanashvili, the Group has reconciled the positions on two issues.
“The first issue we discussed was the improvement of transparency of the election on the non-judicial members to the High Council of Justice. As we agreed, it is expedient for the election of the non-judicial members by the Parliament to make a certain record in the Rules of Procedure to ensure higher transparency and inclusiveness of the process. We agreed on yet another issue, envisaging the Conference of the Judges to, upon the election of the judicial members to the High Council of Justice, enjoy the opportunity to hear the positions of the candidates”, - he noted, adding that two out of four issues of the agenda were left unreconciled and postponed for further consideration.
“These two issues concern the election of the judicial or non-judicial members to the High Council of Justice twice in a row. The regulation, restricting the Council member to apply for the competition for the second term, has been modified since we considered it expedient to annul the restrictions for the persons with respective professional experience and skills. We failed to reconcile our positions on these two issues. Our position is that Venice Commission never mentioned that this rule shall be revised into the previous version, prohibiting the election with the second term in a row; while the civil society believes this to be true, though providing the context, it is expedient to revise this issue. We also failed to reconcile on the issue that the members of the High Council of Justice are allowed to at the same time be the Chairs of the Court, Chamber or Panel. Our position is that the international standard exists that the person going through the mobility within the Court shall carry no obligation to resign from a certain position; on the contrary, it shall be a flexible mechanism to alleviate the restrictions for the judges. In this case as well, the civil society believes that despite the international standards not binding for anyone to resign from the position of the Chair of the Court or Panel for instance in case of his/her election to the High Council of Justice, though they keep mentioning the context to be taken into account. We act according to and are guided under international standards. The Georgian jurisdiction and legislation cannot be used as a subject of the experiment, which is based on no experience”, - A. Okhanashvili stated.
The EU has helped to create the Geo Parliament smartphone application.
The app will be useful for all those who want to be more involved in the activities of the Georgian parliament, read draft laws, make comments or have online communication with any member of parliament.
Source: EU NEIGHBOURS east
The President of the Senate of the Parliament of the Czech Republic, Miloš Vystrčil serves the official visit to Georgia accompanied by the Delegation. According to the administration of the Parliament of Georgia a high-level guest was met by the First Vice-Speaker, Giorgi Volski and the Head of the Georgia-Czech Friendship Group, Irakli Chikovani at the Airport.
RNDr. Vystrčil will hold his first meeting of the visit with the Speaker, H.E. Shalva Papuashvili. After the meeting, the Speakers will make a joint statement for the media.
The visit of Czech politicians also includes the meetings with the Parliamentary opposition Factions, Political Groups and the Majority MPs. The Czech MPs will also meet with their Georgian counterparts.
The visit envisages the participation of RNDr. Vystrčil in the opening ceremony of the Czech-Georgian Business Forum. The Czech MPs will visit the village Odzisi at the occupation line. The meetings are scheduled with the representatives of the executive authority.