Two Georgia v. Russia interstate cases: Committee of Ministers says Russia must execute the European Court’s judgments, despite its exclusion from the Council of EuropeFriday, 09 December 2022 15:57
Strasbourg, 09.12.2022 – The Council of Europe’s Committee of Ministers has deeply deplored again the absence of response of the Russian authorities to its earlier appeals to implement the Georgia v. Russia (I) judgment from the European Court of Human Rights concerning the arrest, detention and collective expulsion of Georgian nationals in 2006-2007, and strongly exhorted the Russian authorities to pay the long-overdue just satisfaction. The Committee has also urged the Russian authorities to start executing the judgment in the case Georgia v. Russia (II) related to the armed conflict in Georgia in 2008.
In the Interim Resolution (*) published today on the Georgia v. Russia (I) case the Committee of Ministers recalled that, despite ceasing to be a member of the Council of Europe on 16 March 2022, the Russian Federation is still required to implement judgments of the European Court, and the Committee of Ministers continues to supervise their execution.
According to the European Court’s judgment of January 2019, Russia inter alia had to pay to the Georgian government 10 million euros in respect of non-pecuniary damage suffered by a group of at least 1,500 Georgian nationals. The Committee deeply deplored the continued absence of the information from the Russian authorities and reiterated again its most profound concern that the payment of the just satisfaction and default interest accrued has not been made despite the passage of over three years since the deadline for payment expired on 30 April 2019.
The Secretariat of the Committee of Ministers will create and publish a register of just satisfaction owing in all inter-state cases against the Russian Federation and will keep it regularly updated as regards the default interest accrued so that both the issue and the sums due can remain under close public scrutiny.
The Committee of Ministers has also adopted the Interim Resolution on the second interstate case, Georgia v. Russia (II). The European Court’s judgment on this case has become final in October 2021 and concerned various violations in the context of the armed conflict between Georgia and the Russian Federation in August 2008.
The Committee has urged again the Russian authorities to submit to the Committee of Ministers a plan on the execution of this judgment and to investigate the serious crimes committed during the active phase of hostilities as well as during the period of occupation. It has firmly reiterated again its profound concern about the inability of Georgian nationals to return to their homes in South Ossetia and Abkhazia and its insistence that the Russian Federation, which has effective control over these regions, ensure without delay safe return of persons wishing to return to their homes. The question of just satisfaction in this case remains pending at the Court.
The Committee of Ministers will restart the examination of the execution of both cases in March 2023.
(*) An Interim Resolution is a form of decision adopted by the Committee of Ministers aimed at overcoming more complex situations requiring special attention.
BEIJING, Nov. 28 (Xinhua) -- At the invitation of Chinese President Xi Jinping, President of the European Council Charles Michel will visit China on Dec. 1, Chinese foreign ministry spokesperson Hua Chunying announced Monday.
On 31 August, European Council President Charles Michel met with Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev and Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan.
The fourth discussion in this format focused on recent developments in the South Caucasus and relations between the EU and the two countries. All sides agreed to step up substantive work to advance on the peace treaty governing inter-state relations between Armenia and Azerbaijan and tasked the Foreign Ministers to meet within one month to work on draft texts.
“Our exchanges were open and productive – and I would like to thank both leaders for that,” said Michel. “It is positive to see that quite a few steps have been taken to take forward the agreements reached during our last meeting.”
Michel, Aliyev and Pashinyan also had a detailed discussion on humanitarian issues, including demining, detainees and the fate of missing persons.
They also reviewed progress on all questions related to the delimitation of the border and how best to ensure a stable situation.
The next meeting of the Border Commissions will take place in Brussels in November. By the end of this month, the next, fifth meeting in a similar format will take place.
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On 30 August 2022, the Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs, Teimuraz Janjalia, participated in the Bled Strategic Forum. International conference called "The Rule of Power or the Power of Rules" was held in in Bled, Slovenia.
The deputy minister made a speech at the panel organized within the framework of the forum dedicated to Europe’s Eastern neighborhood and its future ('Europe's Eastern Neighborhood: Knocking on the EU's door').
Teimuraz Janjalia drew attention to the common challenges facing the European Union and Georgia against the background of the complicated geopolitical situation in the region.
Along with Teimuraz Janjalia, the discussion panelists were also Maciej Popowski - Acting Director General of the European Commission's Directorate General for Neighborhood Policy and Enlargement Negotiations, Cristina Gerasimova - Head of the Administration of the President of Moldova and Senior Advisor to the President, and Steven Blockmans Director of Research at the Center for European Policy Studies (CEPS).
On the sidelines of the forum, the Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs held bilateral meetings with the Acting Director General of the General Directorate of Neighborhood Policy and Enlargement Negotiations of the European Commission Maciej Popowski, the Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of Bulgaria, Velislava Petrova and experts working on the European Union, during which the conversation touched on the specific aspects of cooperation in terms of European integration of Georgia.
The Bled Strategic Forum has been held annually since 2006. The event is dedicated to current issues of European and global politics.
The European Commission today disbursed the first half (€500 million) of a new €1 billion macro-financial assistance (MFA) operation for Ukraine. The second tranche (another €500 million) will be disbursed tomorrow, 2 August.
This additional assistance of €1 billion is part of the extraordinary effort by the EU, alongside the international community, to help Ukraine address its immediate financial needs following the unprovoked and unjustified aggression by Russia. It is the first part of the exceptional MFA package of up to €9 billion announced in the Commission’s communication of 18 May 2022 and endorsed by the European Council of 23-24 June 2022. It complements the support already provided by the EU, including a €1.2 billion emergency MFA loan paid out in the first half of the year. Taken together, the two strands of the programme bring the total MFA support to Ukraine since the beginning of the war to €2.2 billion.
The funds have been made available to Ukraine in the form of long-term loans on favourable terms. The assistance supports Ukraine’s macroeconomic stability and overall resilience in the context of Russia’s military aggression and the ensuing economic challenges. In a further expression of solidarity, the EU budget will cover the interest costs on this loan.
This financial assistance comes in addition to the unprecedented support provided by the EU to date, notably humanitarian, development and defence assistance, the suspension of all import duties on Ukrainian exports for one year or other solidarity initiatives, e.g. to address transport bottlenecks so that exports, in particular of grains, could be ensured.
Valdis Dombrovskis, the European Commission’s Executive Vice-President for An Economy that Works for People said: “This €1 billion payment is a first part of our €9 billion macro-financial assistance package to help Ukraine meet its emergency financial needs caused by Russia’s brutal war. At the same time, we are working closely with EU Member States and our international partners on the next steps to rebuild Ukraine for the longer term. The EU will provide all political, financial, military and humanitarian support required to assist Ukraine and its people in the face of Russia’s continued illegal aggression – for as long as it takes.”
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Georgian Prime Minister Irakli Garibashvili met with a delegation of the European Parliament’s Committee on Foreign Affairs (AFET). At first, the Head of Government held a face-to-face meeting with MEP David McAllister, followed by enhanced-format negotiations.
The Prime Minister welcomed the European parliamentarians’ visit to Georgia and emphasized its importance for the process of Georgia’s accession to the EU, also in light of the regional situation.
The conversation focused on prospects of enhanced cooperation in the future. Attention was paid to the European Council’s historic decision from June 23, on granting the European perspective to Georgia, as a recognition of Georgia’s progress under a transitional democracy in the three decades since regaining independence.
The Prime Minister pointed out as unfortunate the differentiated approach applied to Georgia, when the country was not granted a candidate status alongside Moldova and Ukraine. Nonetheless, the Georgian Government has actually started implementing the twelve priorities defined in the European Council’s June 23 decision. An inclusive process and engagement from every relevant stakeholder is key to the implementation of the priorities set by the European Commission, the Head of Government said, adding that this is a joint responsibility that everyone in the country must take into account.
The meeting underlined that Georgia continues implementing the Association Agreement (AA) and the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement (DCFTA) with the EU, as well as the obligations stipulated under the updated Association Agenda 2021-2027.
Attention was paid to the dire humanitarian and human rights situation in Georgia’s occupied regions. The meeting highlighted the European Parliament’s support of the country’s sovereignty and territorial integrity within its internationally recognized borders, also expressing hope that the EU will raise this issue in every relevant format. In addition, the Prime Minister underlined the importance of using the Geneva International Discussions effectively. The Head of Government reaffirmed the commitment of Georgia’s authorities to peaceful conflict-resolution.
As it was emphasized during the meeting, Georgia remains the EU’s reliable partner and loyal contributor to its ongoing operations.
The conversation also revolved around the military action in Ukraine and the regional state of affairs in general as factors impacting Georgia. Attention was also paid to issues pertaining to Black Sea Security.
The meeting at the Government Administration was attended by the European Parliament’s representatives: The Chair of the European Parliament Foreign Affairs Committee, David McAllister, and Committee Members Željana Zovko, Sven Mikser, Viola von Cramon-Taubadel, Thierry Mariani, and Assita Kanko, while the Georgian side was represented by Foreign Minister Ilia Darchiashvili and the Head of the Government Administration, Revaz Javelidze.
Press Service of the Government Administration
Yesterday in Baku, European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen and President of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev signed a new Memorandum of Understanding on a Strategic Partnership in the Field of Energy.
The agreement includes a commitment to double the capacity of the Southern Gas Corridor to deliver at least 20 billion cubic metres to the EU annually by 2027.
“With this new Memorandum of Understanding, we are opening a new chapter in our energy cooperation with Azerbaijan, a key partner in our efforts to move away from Russian fossil fuels,” said Ursula von der Leyen. “Not only are we looking to strengthen our existing partnership which guarantees stable and reliable gas supplies to the EU via the Southern Gas Corridor. We are also laying the foundations of a long-term partnership on energy efficiency and clean energy, as we both pursue the objectives of the Paris Agreement.”
According to the European Commission, the EU and Azerbaijan are also currently negotiating a new comprehensive agreement that would enhance cooperation in a wide range of areas. These include economic diversification, investment, trade and the full use of civil society potential, while stressing the importance of human rights and the rule of law.
Following the visit in Baku today, the EU-Azerbaijan Cooperation Council will meet on 19 July in Brussels to review overall relations and discuss potential areas of mutual interest for cooperation in the future.
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Nino Tandilashvili hosted the representative of the German Federal Ministry of Environment, Nature Protection and Nuclear Safety Juergen Keinhorst'Friday, 01 July 2022 16:02
Mrs. Nino Tandilashvili, Deputy Minister of Environmental Protection and Agriculture held a meeting with Mr. Juergen Keinhorst, Representative of the German Federal Ministry of Environment, Nature Protection and Nuclear Safety.
During the meeting, the parties discussed current projects and issues of future cooperation.
The Deputy Foreign Minister spoke about the importance of partnership between the two countries and highlighted reforms implemented in the forest sector, climate change and biodiversity fields with the support of the German government.
Mrs. Tandilashvili stressed the importance of the recognition of Georgia's European perspective by the European Council and expressed hope for the timely granting of candidate status to Georgia through close and effective fulfilment of commitments, through close coordination and cooperation with the partner countries.
According to Mr. Juergen Keinhorst, Georgia's environmental and agricultural development progress is visible, which is an additional motivation for the German government to strengthen its support.
The Heads of the relevant agencies and representatives of the Ministry of Environmental Protection and Agriculture attended the meeting.
With the decision of the European Council, the EU leaders have confirmed that Georgia’s future lies within the European Union and that Georgia will definitely become a member of the organization.
By awarding Georgia an EU membership perspective, the EU has recognized Georgia as a European country and has acknowledged the progress made in Georgia-EU relations in the past few years. Indeed, this result would have been hardly imaginable without the efforts and reforms implemented in the country over the recent years.
The decision of the European Council takes on a particular importance in view of the challenges that threaten the system of western value and European security, of which Georgia is an integral part.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs welcomes the European Council’s decision and the EU leaders’ support in this process.
We believe that this is a historic moment for Georgia and from now on, the door to Europe is definitely open to our country.
Being committed to common values, Georgia, together with the EU, will continue to pursue an ambitious reform agenda leading to Georgia’s final integration with the EU.
Georgia will work actively to meet the recommendations to achieve the deserved candidate status as soon as possible and to regain its rightful place in the European family.
On 23 June, EU leaders meeting in the European Council agreed to grant Ukraine and Moldova EU candidate status.
“A historic moment. Today marks a crucial step on your path towards the EU,” wrote European Council President Charles Michel on Twitter. “Congratulations to Zelenskyy and Maia Sandu and the people of Ukraine and Moldova. Our future is together.”
At the same time, the Council decided to recognise the European perspective of Georgia, and, according to Michel, “is ready to grant candidate status once the outstanding priorities are addressed”.
The decision follows the Opinions issued by the European Commission on all three EU accession applications on 17 June.
“I am very pleased with the Leaders’ endorsement of our Opinions,” said European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen at the press conference following the Council. “Of course, the countries all have homework to do before moving to the next stage of the accession process. But I am convinced that they will all move as swiftly as possible and work as hard as possible to implement the necessary reforms.” She added that the changes needed for the EU accession would primarily benefit the states’ democracies, economies and citizens.
“This decision strengthens us all. It strengthens Ukraine, Moldova and Georgia, in the face of Russian imperialism and it strengthens the European Union, because it shows once again to the world that we are united and strong in the face of external threats,” said Ursula von der Leyen.
In their Conclusions adopted on 23 June, EU leaders said:
- The European Council recognises the European perspective of Ukraine, the Republic of Moldova and Georgia. The future of these countries and their citizens lies within the European Union.
- The European Council has decided to grant the status of candidate country to Ukraine and to the Republic of Moldova.
- The Commission is invited to report to the Council on the fulfilment of the conditions specified in the Commission’s opinions on the respective membership applications as part of its regular enlargement package. The Council will decide on further steps once all these conditions are fully met.
- The European Council is ready to grant the status of candidate country to Georgia once the priorities specified in the Commission’s opinion on Georgia’s membership application have been addressed.
- The progress of each country towards the European Union will depend on its own merit in meeting the Copenhagen criteria, taking into consideration the EU’s capacity to absorb new members.
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