THE DELEGATION OF TURKMENISTAN TAKES PART AT THE TWENTY-SIXTH SESSION OF THE CONFERENCE OF THE PARTIES TO THE UN FRAMEWORK CONVENTION ON CLIMATE CHANGEThursday, 04 November 2021 16:10
On November 3, 2021, in Glasgow the Government delegation of Turkmenistan headed by the Deputy Chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers of Turkmenistan S.Berdimuhamedov takes part at the Twenty-sixth session of the Conference of the Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change.
The 26th session of the Conference of the Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change is an important international forum where the joint actions to counter global warming are being discussed and agreed.
During two weeks’ forum the representatives of the countries will discuss the problems of the climate crisis and possible steps connected with the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change including the issues of the emission reduction, building a green economy and the transition to cleaner energy sources. Additionally, the renewed plans on containment of climate change would be presented.
The participation of the representative delegation of our country in the Global forum testifies to a responsible approach of Turkmenistan to the issue under consideration, to the understanding of the importance and urgency of adoption of general consensus measures to counter the greatest challenge to humanity.
Turkmenistan, having ratified the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change in 1995, the Paris Agreement in 2016, as well as the Kyoto Protocol, strictly fulfills all obligations undertaken.
Constructive initiatives put forward by the Turkmen Leader at various high-level forums have a special significance. These include, in particular, such proposals as the opening in Ashgabat of a Regional Center for Technologies related to climate change in Central Asia, the development of the UN Water Strategy, a special UN Program for the Aral Sea Basin and the preservation of the ecological well-being of the Caspian Sea.
Georgia: progress made in fighting human trafficking, but improved victim identification and strengthened criminal justice response requiredTuesday, 16 March 2021 13:27
Strasbourg, 16.03.2021 – In its third report on Georgia’s implementation of the Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings, the Council of Europe’s anti-human trafficking monitoring body, GRETA, focuses on trafficking victims’ access to justice and effective remedies. The report acknowledges progress in implementing the Convention but calls on the authorities to step up their efforts to investigate cases of human trafficking and bring the perpetrators to justice, making sure that victims receive compensation and support towards their rehabilitation.
Since the previous evaluation by GRETA, the Criminal Code of Georgia has been amended to ensure proper qualification of human trafficking offences. Further, the number of special mobile groups set up to carry out the preliminary identification of victims of trafficking was increased from three to four. The number of labour inspectors was also increased, and they received training on detecting cases of human trafficking and forced labour.
Victims of trafficking are entitled to free legal aid during criminal proceedings, which is provided by specifically trained lawyers. GRETA welcomes the existence of a specific legal provision on the non-punishment of victims of trafficking for offences they were compelled to commit, as well as the expansion of the victim and witness co-ordinator services.
However, GRETA considers that additional steps should be taken to ensure that victims and witnesses of human trafficking are provided with effective and appropriate protection from potential retaliation or intimidation. The authorities should further ensure that access to legal aid is guaranteed as soon as there are reasonable grounds for believing that a person is a victim of trafficking, before the persons concerned have to decide whether or not they want to co-operate with the authorities.
Only three victims of human trafficking have received compensation from perpetrators through civil proceedings, and there has been only one judgement in human trafficking cases resulting in the confiscation of assets, the report says. GRETA urges the authorities to take vigorous measures to facilitate and guarantee access to compensation for victims of trafficking, including by introducing a procedure through which victims are entitled to obtain a decision on compensation from the offender as part of the criminal trial, and making full use of the legislation on the freezing and forfeiture of offenders’ assets to secure compensation to victims of trafficking.
In the period 2015-2018, a total of 80 investigations were conducted into human trafficking cases, and there were 15 convictions. GRETA notes with concern that there have been no convictions for trafficking for the purpose of labour exploitation and urges the Georgian authorities to ensure that human trafficking cases are not re-qualified as other offences which carry lighter penalties.
GRETA is concerned by the decrease in the number of victims identified and the high threshold required to grant the status of victim of human trafficking. GRETA urges the authorities to take further steps to proactively identify victims of trafficking, including amongst foreign workers, asylum seekers and persons placed in immigration detention centres.
The Georgian authorities should also strengthen their efforts in the areas of prevention of child trafficking, paying increased attention to the link between trafficking in children and the use of information and communications technology.
Georgia is primarily a country of origin and, to a lesser extent, a country of destination and transit of victims of trafficking in human beings, according to the report. The total number of victims identified in the period 2015-2019 was 66. Until 2018, the majority of the identified victims were women trafficked for the purpose of sexual exploitation, but in 2019 all identified victims were Georgian children, trafficked for the purpose of production of child sexual abuse images (23 girls aged from 8 to 18 years) or exploitation of begging (two boys and four girls).
The Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) is an independent body which monitors the way countries implement the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings. So far, forty-six of the 47 member states of the Council of Europe are bound by the Convention, as well as Belarus, a non-member state.
David Zalkaliani: ‘We must keep the same determination to defend human rights as that of the authors of the Convention 70 years ago’
In his address to the Assembly today, the Georgian Minister for Foreign Affairs and President of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe, David Zalkaliani, highlighted the fundamental role of the European Convention on Human Rights, which enabled the setting-up of a unique human rights protection system, that constitutes “the anchor of European co-operation, both at governmental and parliamentary level”. “I hope that the new decade will bring us the same determination to defend human rights as that of the authors of the Convention 70 years ago,” he said.
Mr Zalkaliani also mentioned the main developments within the Committee of Ministers since October, and announced a number of events organised in the framework of the Georgian Presidency with regards to its priorities, namely: human rights and environmental protection, civil society and citizens participation in the decision-making process, the creation of a child-friendly justice system, as well as promoting democracy through education, culture and youth engagement.
With regard to the co-operation with international organisations, he announced that the Committee of Ministers had approved the mandate of its Steering Committee for Human Rights to finalise, in co-operation with representatives of the EU, the legal instruments setting out the modalities of the accession of the EU to the European Convention of Human Rights. “I very much hope that this work will be concluded successfully and as rapidly as possible. It is essential that the Council of Europe and the European Union ensure the coherence of the human rights protection system in Europe,” he underlined.
Georgia is holding the Presidency of the Committee of Ministers for the first time since joining the Organisation in 1999.
On 18th of February, International Peace Youth Group (IPYG) held “2019 Youth Peace Conference” under the theme of “Youth Make Tomorrow: Unity & Harmony” at the International Convention Centre, Cockle bay room in Sydney, Australia. This event, attended by 45 leaders of politics, education, and youth organizations as well as 350 audiences, was aimed to promote the collaboration of civic groups for the establishment of international law for peace.
The conference began with the congratulatory message from Cr. Stephan Barbour, the Deputy Mayor of North Sydney Council. "I was so surprised that young people are building a foundation for peace in support of the DPCW. I am also very excited to see the scene where the peace letters, which contain the voices of young people for peace, are delivered to the representatives of each country. This is evidence that young people are changing the world," he said.
The “Peace Letter Campaign”, one of the IPYG’s initiatives that create the world without war, urges the heads of each state to enact legally binding international law for peace based on the Declaration of Peace and Cessation of War (DPCW). The DPCW consisting of 10 articles and 38 clauses includes provisions to avoid war-related actions and achieve peace and addresses respect on the international law, peaceful dispute settlement, and spreading a culture of peace.
Youth group leaders delivered the peace letters to 30 national leaders including Governor General of Tuvalu. In the speech, H.E. Iakoba Taeia Italeli, Governor General of Tuvalu, replied to the youth by saying "I have received your hearts through the letters, and will make the best of my effort to realize the world you dream to come true. I will do my best to encourage the rest of the world to support the DPCW so that we may bring a better future for the youth."
Chairman Man Hee Lee of HWPL, an international peace NGO under the UN ECOSOC, said, “I met leaders of politics, religion, and social group from all over the world, but no one wanted war. If war does not happen, peace will be achieved. With the principles guaranteeing peace and avoiding conflicts and wars, the DPCW will contribute to cessation of war, ultimately leading to the world of peace. It will be achieved when every individual of our global society advocates for it. Let us all become one and make peace.”
Mr. Young Min Chung, the General Director of IPYG, emphasized the role of youth in creating peace in this world for the responsibility of future lies in their hands. Also, he encouraged the participants to join the “Peace Letter Campaign” that will convey their longing for peace to the heads of state as well as their neighboring nations.
Security and safety in stadiums: fourteen countries pave the way for implementation of the new Council of Europe Convention
The Council of Europe Convention on an integrated safety, security and service approach at football matches and other sports events was opened for signature today at a ceremony held the Stade de France, in the presence of several European ministers. The Convention (http://www.coe.int/en/web/conventions/full-list/-/conventions/treaty/218) was signed by 14 States: Bulgaria, France, Georgia, Greece, Lithuania, Republic of Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, the Netherlands, Portugal, Russia, Switzerland, “the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia” and Ukraine. “This convention is a major step forward to boost international co-operation needed to make football matches and other sporting events safe, secure and enjoyable for supporters. It’s an opportune moment, with preparations underway for the FIFA 2018 World Cup in Russia, and UEFA’s Euro 2020, which will be held in 13 countries around Europe” – Thorbjørn Jagland, Council of Europe Secretary General. “UEFA is very pleased that the Council of Europe and European States take the security and safety of all participants in sport events very seriously, and we are looking forward to continuously working closely with all stakeholders to ensure peaceful and safe football matches across the continent” – Michael van Praag, UEFA Executive Committee member and Chairman of the UEFA Stadia and Security Committee. “The Convention we are signing today sends out a strong signal of our commitment to preventing and combatting violence in the stadiums, by placing the dialogue between the different actors and the relationship between the public authorities and the fans at the centre of the organisation of major international sporting events” – Thierry Braillard, France’s State Secretary for Sport. The Convention aims to promote hospitality and safety of spectators inside and outside stadiums, improve dialogue between the police, local authorities, football clubs and supporters, strengthen international police co-operation, and to prevent and punish hooliganism through effective measures. It is open to Council of Europe member and non-member states and will come into force following its ratification by three signatory states. More information: http://www.coe.int/en/web/portal/-/security-and-safety-in-stadiums-council-of-europe-launches-a-new-conventi-1
A delegation of seven Judges of the European Court of Human Rights composed of Mirjana Lazarova-Trajkovska (“The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia”), Nona Tsotsoria (Georgia), Vincent. A. De Gaetano (Malta), Helen Keller (Switzerland), Dmitry Dedov (Russian Federation), Jon Fridrik Kjølbro (Denmark) and Yonko Grozev (Bulgaria) took evidence from witnesses in Strasbourg from Monday 6 June to Friday 17 June 2016 in the case of Georgia v. Russia (II) (application no. 38263/08). The Court heard 33 witnesses in total: 16 summonsed through the Georgian Government, 11 summonsed through the Government of the Russian Federation and six summonsed directly by the Court. The application was lodged on 11 August 2008 under Article 33 (Inter-State cases) of the European Convention on Human Rights and concerns the armed conflict between Georgia and the Russian Federation in August 2008 and its aftermath. It raises issues under Articles 2 (right to life), 3 (prohibition of torture, inhuman and degrading treatment), 5 (right to liberty and security), 8 (right to respect for private and family life) and 13 (right to an effective remedy) of the Convention, under Articles 1 and 2 of Protocol No. 1 (protection of property and right to education), as well as under Article 2 of Protocol No. 4 (freedom of movement). Following a hearing on 22 September 2011, the application was declared admissible, without prejudging the merits of the case, by a Chamber on 13 December 2011 and relinquished to the Grand Chamber on 3 April 2012. The European Court of Human Rights will now continue its examination of the case.
The European Court of Human Rights was set up in Strasbourg by the Council of Europe Member States in 1959 to deal with alleged violations of the 1950 European Convention on Human Rights.