China announces concrete measures to boost global fight against COVID-19 as Xi addresses WHA session

Published in World
Tuesday, 19 May 2020 10:51
BEIJING, May 18 (Xinhua) -- Chinese President Xi Jinping on Monday announced concrete measures to boost global fight against COVID-19 including providing international aid and making the country's COVID-19 vaccine a global public good when available.
 
Xi made the announcement as he addressed the opening of the 73rd session of the World Health Assembly (WHA) via video link.
 
"China will provide 2 billion U.S. dollars over two years to help with COVID-19 response and with economic and social development in affected countries, especially developing countries," Xi said.
 
China will work with the United Nations to set up a global humanitarian response depot and hub in China, ensure the operation of anti-epidemic supply chains and foster "green corridors" for fast-track transportation and customs clearance, he said.
 
Besides, China will establish a cooperation mechanism for its hospitals to pair up with 30 African hospitals and accelerate the building of the Africa CDC headquarters to help the continent ramp up its disease preparedness and control capacity, said Xi.
 
"COVID-19 vaccine development and deployment in China, when available, will be made a global public good," said the president.
 
"This will be China's contribution to ensuring vaccine accessibility and affordability in developing countries," he added.
 
Moreover, China will work with other G20 members to implement the Debt Service Suspension Initiative for the poorest countries, Xi said, adding that China is also ready to work with the international community to bolster support for the hardest-hit countries under the greatest strain of debt service so that they could tide over the current difficulties.
 
The WHA is the decision-making body of the WHO. The 73rd session of the WHA, scheduled from Monday to Tuesday, is held via video link due to the impact of the current pandemic.
 
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), its agenda was condensed only to essential issues, such as COVID-19 and the executive board members selection.
 
Currently, COVID-19 has hit over 210 countries and regions, affected more than seven billion people around the world and claimed over 300,000 precious lives.
 
"China stands for the vision of building a community with a shared future for mankind," said Xi, adding that China takes it as its responsibility to ensure not just the life and health of its own citizens, but also global public health.
 
China has all along acted with openness, transparency and responsibility in the fight against COVID-19, said Xi, adding that the country "has done everything in our power to support and assist countries in need."
 
Noting that "nothing in the world is more precious than people's lives," Xi urged all countries to put the people first and do everything they can for COVID-19 control and treatment.
 
He expressed China's staunch support to the WHO, calling on the international community to increase political and financial support for WHO so as to mobilize resources worldwide to defeat the virus.
 
"At this crucial juncture, to support WHO is to support international cooperation and the battle for saving lives as well," Xi said.
 
Xi called on the world to provide more material, technological and personnel support for African countries, saying that "helping them build capacity must be our top priority in COVID-19 response."
 
Furthermore, Xi said the international community must strengthen global governance in the area of public health.
 
"China supports the idea of a comprehensive review of the global response to COVID-19 after it is brought under control to sum up experience and address deficiencies," said Xi.
 
"This work should be based on science and professionalism, led by WHO and conducted in an objective and impartial manner," he added.
 
He also proposed to restore economic and social development and strengthen international cooperation.
 
Noting that the mankind is facing the most serious global public health emergency since the end of World War II, Xi said "solidarity and cooperation is a sure way through which we, the people of the world, can defeat this novel coronavirus."
 
He called on the international community to work as one and make concerted efforts to protect the life and health of people in all countries, safeguard planet Earth and build a global community of health for all.
 
UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres and leaders from other countries addressed the opening via video link, expressing their support to the WHO and multilateralism, as well as enhanced joint efforts in the global fight against COVID-19.

Китай развивает свой уникальный бренд «Ланьчжоуская лапша с говядиной»

Published in World
Thursday, 11 January 2018 11:12

18 по 22 декабря 2017 года в Китайском городе Ланьчжоу прошла информационно-познавательная программа «Дорога к Ланьчжоуской лапше с говядиной», с участьем редакторов и журналистов ряда зарубежных стран. Программа было осуществлено в рамках инициативы председателя Китайской Народной Республики Си Цзиньпина «Один пояс – один путь» /Экономический пояс Шелкового пути и Морской Шелковый путь/. Организаторами программы выступили - Отдел пропаганды городского комитета г. Ланьчжоу, Филиал Информационного агентства «Синьхуа» в Азиатско-тихоокеанском регионе и Филиал Информационного агентства «Синьхуа» в пров. Ганьсу.

Нужно сразу же отметить, что редактора и журналисты из Грузии, Армении, Азербайджана, России, Индонезии, Сингапура, Малайзии, Таиланда, Брунея, Мьянма, и Камбоджи провели в Ланьчжоу пять удивительных, и интереснейших дней, за что выражаем благодарность организаторам программы. Оны сделали все возможное, чтобы редактора и журналисты получили полную исчерпающую  информацию о политической, экономической, и культурной жизни г. Ланьчжоу и провинции Гансу.

Строительство Ланьчжоу началось в 86 году до н. э. Судя по историческим записям, город получил название «Золотой город», поскольку при возведении крепостных стен нашли золото, и в китайский язык вошло устойчивое выражение, которое дословно переводится «золотые стены и ров с кипятком», что характеризует неприступность Ланьчжоу. В те далекие времена Ланьчжоу был важным пунктом на Великом Шелковом пути. 

В рамках программы журналисты побывали в Ресторане Хунбинь под имени Цзиньдин и попробовали Ланьчжоускую лапшу с говядиной. Оны посмотрели шоу мастера по приготовлению, и с технологическим процессом Ланьчжоуской лапши с говядиной. Кроме того, организаторы устроили посещение и интервью на Индустриальной базе Ланьчжоуской лапши с говядиной под имени Цзиньвэйдэ. Получили информации о развитии Ресторанной сети ОсОО «Дунфангун».

Лапшу с говядиной по-ланьчжоуски любят не только жители этого города, она получила широкую известность и в других районах Китая и за рубежом. Ланьчжоусцы чрезвычайно гордятся этим фактом. В городе Ланьчжоу рестораны, где готовят лапшу с говядиной, встречаются на каждом шагу. Полные посетителями ресторанчики и вкусная лапша с говядиной стали неотъемлемой частью картины жизни утреннего Ланьчжоу. Чашка для лапши большая, в этом чувствуется щедрость местных жителей. В чашке - мясной бульон, кусочки белой редьки, красная соя, рубленный зеленый кориандр, лапша и говядина. Все это выглядит очень аппетитно. 

Приготовить лапшу с говядиной не так-то просто. Возьмем, к примеру, мясной бульон. Нужны десятки приправ для его приготовления. В разных ресторанах бульон готовят по-разному, поэтому он может быть разным по вкусу. Для сохранения оригинального вкуса своего мясного бульона известные рестораны держат его рецепт в секрете. Мастерство составления рецепта передается в семействе из поколения в поколение.

Прежде всего нужно замесить тесто, а затем – вытянуть лапшу. Чтобы овладеть данным мастерством обычно практикуются не один год. В ресторане нам показали всю процедуру изготовления лапши. Лапша по форме может быть широкая, круглая, толстая и тонкая. Самая широкая лапша похожа на кожаный ремень, а тонкая – на волос.

В настоящее время в Ланьчжоу более 1200 ресторанов, готовящих лапшу. Прибыль некоторых больших ресторанов составляет 40 миллионов юаней в год, даже многие мелкие, площадь которых составляет около 20 квадратных метров, за день зарабатывают до тысячи юаней и больше. Сегодня рестораны, специализирующиеся на лапше с говядиной, встречаются во многих районах Китая. В частности, многие известные рестораны открыли более 400 филиалов по всей стране, а также в США, Франции и Сингапуре. 

В ходе программы журналисты и редактора осмотрели современную международную портовую зону в г. Ланьчжоу пров. Ганьсу.  По информации администрации порта из административного центра провинции Ганьсу /Северо-Западный Китай/ г. Ланьчжоу в Центральную Азию, Южную Азию и Западную Европу было отравлено более 100  международных грузовых поездов "Ланьчжоу". По этому маршруту было перевезено 600 тыс тонн грузов на общую сумму более 500 млндолларов США. Позже был открыт еще один железнодорожный грузовой маршрут - Ланьчжоу-Гамбург. За первые девять месяцев, в Центральную Азию и Европу отправлены 63 международных грузовых поезда с грузами на общую сумму 300 млн долларов США. Из Ланьчжоу за рубеж вывозятся в основном строительные материалы, механическое оборудование, запчасти для бурения нефтерождений, предметы домашнего обихода, и автомобили. Благодаря международному грузовому маршруту "Ланьчжоу" провинция Ганьсу активно продвигает строительство Ланьчжоуской международной портовой зоны и создает сортировочный центр для импорта и экспорта товаров стран, участвующих в инициативе "Экономического пояса Шелкового пути".

Как известно Ланьчжоу политический, культурный, экономический и научный центр, второй по величине город на Северо-Западе Китая и единственный административный центр в Китае, через который протекает река Хуанхэ. Конечно же организаторы нам устроили посещение и интервью по Скульптуре матери-реки Хуанхэ, Моста Жонгшан, а   также Ланьчжоуского выставочного павильона городского планирования и развития. 

Жители Ланьчжоу называют главной достопримечательностью города скульптуру «Мать Хуанхэ»; когда стоишь рядом с ней, то испытываешь глубокое потрясение. От подножия скульптуры отходят плоты, изготовленные из надутых бараньих шкур, и если есть время, то можно прокатиться на «главном средстве передвижения по Хуанхэ». История плотов из бараньих шкур насчитывает более чем триста лет. Особенной популярностью они пользовались в самом конце династии Цин при Гуаньсюе, после чего это ремесло передавалось от поколения к поколению вплоть до наших дней. Целые бараньи шкуры завязываются так, чтобы получился мешок, и надуваются, а затем несколько таких надутых шкур нанизывают на деревянные шесты, и получается плот. Обычно на строительство одного плота уходит десять с лишним шкур. Летом на берегу Хуанхэ на пляжах и просто в тени деревьев расставляют столики, можно остановиться, взять чашечку зеленого чая или бутылочку местного густого йогурта, посидеть на берегу великой реки - это тоже очень интересно. 

К завершению нашей информационно-познавательной программы «Дорога к Ланьчжоуской лапше с  говядиной», прошел симпозиум по Ланьчжоуской лапше с говядиной, на которой присутствовали руководители отдела пропаганды городского комитета г. Ланьчжоу, филиала Информационного агентства «Синьхуа» в пров. Ганьсу, а также директора ресторанов по приготовлению Ланьчжоуской лаппши  с говядиной. Более 1,5 часа журналисты задавали вопроси, на которой присутствующие на симпозиуме ответственные лица отвечали с радостью. Исходя из этого, можно смело сказать, что двенадцать представителей международной прессы получили полную информацию и остались довольны участьем в информационно-познавательной программе «Дорога к Ланьчжоуской лапше с  говядиной».

 Автандил Отинашвили

 

 

 

Nanjing Massacre victims remembered worldwide amidst attempts to rewrite history

Published in World
Thursday, 14 December 2017 17:03

BEIJING, Dec. 14 (Xinhua) -- The victims of the Nanjing Massacre that shook the world in its brutality when Japan invaded China are being remembered through events worldwide that are also calling to cherish hard-won peace and acknowledge history with honesty. 
An annual memorial for the nearly 300,000 people brutally killed 80 years ago was held Wednesday in Nanjing, the city in eastern China that suffered one of the bloodiest times the world has ever witnessed. 
Chinese President Xi Jinping and senior officials joined representatives from all walks of life at the state memorial ceremony marking the 80th anniversary of the carnage to pay a silent tribute. 
Over 440 overseas Chinese groups reportedly plan to hold memorial ceremonies for Nanjing Massacre victims Wednesday. More than 10,000 overseas Chinese in the United States, Canada, Germany, the Netherlands and Argentina are expected to attend these commemorations. 
 In Japan, some 200 people attended a testimony meeting in Shizuoka city on Tuesday. Lu Ling, daughter of a massacre survivor who was stabbed 37 times by Japanese soldiers, shared her mother's ordeal with the Japanese attendees. 
 "The massacre imposed tremendous suffering on my family, the people in Nanjing, and the Chinese people," she said. 
 Masataka Mori, a former professor of irenology -- the study of peace -- at Shizuoka University, said people were revising history to distort the truth about the Nanjing carnage. 
 "It is hoped that more people could know about (the Nanjing Massacre) and pass on the truth," Mori said. 
 The massacre was also mourned in The Hague, Netherlands, Tuesday. Some 200 Chinese people and students living there attended the memorial, held one day ahead of China's "National Memorial Day for Nanjing Massacre Victims". 
 "We hold a memorial ceremony in The Netherlands not only to mourn the victims, but also to tell the truth (about) history. No attempt to deny history will ever be accepted," said Zhong Linchang, head of the Association of Cantonese Business in The Netherlands. 
 Henk Kool, president of Friendship Society Netherlands-China, urged Japanese who deny the truth to look into the facts. 
 "If you want to be forgiven, you must first recognize and remember," he told Xinhua. 
 In the U.S. city of San Francisco, hundreds of people from the Chinese, Korean and Philippine communities gathered Sunday to remember the period of brutality and the victims' spirit of resilience and heroism. 
 Jennifer Cheung, chairperson of the Rape of Nanking Redress Coalition and one of the organizers of the event, said the commemoration meant to promote peace instead of harboring hatred toward the Japanese perpetrators. 
 However, the Japanese government has repeatedly refused to apologize for the atrocities committed by the war-time imperial Japanese troops and continues to deny the fact that approximately 200,000 Asian women and girls, including Chinese, Koreans and Filipinas, were forced into sexual servitude for Japanese soldiers during World War II, Cheung said. 
 "No real peace can come... without (an) apology from the Japanese government," she said. 
 Japan invaded northeast China in September 1931, followed by a full-scale invasion of China on July 7, 1937. 
 On Dec. 13, 1937, Nanjing fell to the invaders who slaughtered civilians and soldiers who had put down their arms, and burnt and looted for nearly a month. About 300,000 Chinese were killed, and 20,000 women raped. 
 In February 2014, China's top legislature designated Dec. 13 as a national memorial day for the victims of the Nanjing Massacre.

G20 summit concludes with historic consensus on world growth

Published in World
Monday, 12 September 2016 13:15

HANGZHOU, Sept. 5 (Xinhua) -- The 11th summit of the Group of 20 (G20) major economies concluded here on Monday, reaching extensive consensus on pursuing innovative, invigorated, interconnected and inclusive world economic growth.

"Held at a critical time for world economic growth and the transformation of the G20, the Hangzhou summit attracted wide attention from the whole world and carried high expectations," Chinese President Xi Jinping said at a press conference after the summit's conclusion.

From Sunday to Monday, leaders of G20 members, guest countries and international organizations exchanged views on topics including more effective global economic and financial governance, robust international trade and investment, and inclusive and interconnected development.

They also discussed prominent issues affecting the global economy, including climate change, refugee, anti-terrorism financing and public health.

CHARTING A NEW COURSE

World economic recovery remains weak this year. The World Bank in June cut its 2016 global growth forecast to 2.4 percent from 2.9 percent projected in January, partly due to sluggish growth in advanced economies, stubbornly low commodity prices and weak global trade.

The forecast is much lower than a year-on-year growth of 6.7 percent in the first half of 2016 in China, in line with the government's target to keep its annual growth between 6.5 percent and 7 percent this year.

The world has been hoping for Chinese wisdom and prescription to cope with common challenges after the country took over the G20 presidency.

Xi said in a closing speech that leaders attending the summit decided to point out the way and set the course for the world economy.

"We will continue to reinforce macro-policy dialogue and coordination, work in the spirit of partnership to promote mutual help and win-win cooperation, and focus our minds and energy to pursue strong, sustainable, balanced and inclusive growth," Xi said.

A G20 Leaders' Communique of the Hangzhou Summit was adopted to set out the direction, targets and steps of G20 cooperation and depict the blueprint for future world economy.

A mix of effective tools, including fiscal, monetary and structural ones, must be implemented to buffer against short-term risks and unleash medium- to long-term potential, Xi said.

"This will send a strong signal of G20's commitment to promoting global growth, and help shore up market confidence and ensure stability of global financial markets," Xi said.

BLUEPRINT ON INNOVATIVE GROWTH

"We are determined to break a new path for growth to inject new dynamism into the world economy," Xi said.

Past realities teach us that merely relying on fiscal and monetary policies does not work for the world economy, Xi said, adding that the world should pursue innovation-driven economy and create a new round of growth and prosperity.

The leaders unanimously adopted the G20 Blueprint on Innovative Growth, which reflects their desire to find the right path toward sustainable and healthy growth.

The G20 members will capitalize on the new opportunities brought about by innovation, new industrial revolution, digital economy and other new factors and business types, and make a series of action plans, he said.

They are also going to encourage innovation in various domains and ensure that the fruits of innovation are shared, Xi said.

"The blueprint provides us with the consensus, action plan and the overall framework to open up a new path for global growth and increase medium- to long-term potential of the world economy," he said.

BETTER GOVERNANCE, INCLUSIVE GROWTH

The leaders were also determined to improve global economic and financial governance to enhance the resilience of the world economy, and to revitalize international trade and investment as the key engines of growth and build an open world economy, Xi said.

They agreed to advance the quota and governance reform of international financial institutions, broaden the use of Special Drawing Rights, strengthen the global financial safety net and make the international monetary system more stable and resilient.

The leaders agreed to deepen cooperation on financial inclusion, green finance and climate funds, and formulated an action plan on energy access, renewable energy and energy efficiency, Xi said.

They will also enhance international tax cooperation, and join efforts of anti-corruption to deprive all corrupt persons of any safe haven in G20 countries and beyond, he said.

G20 members reiterated their stance to oppose trade protectionism and support multilateral trading mechanisms in pursuit of trade growth, and formulated guiding principles for investment policymaking to facilitate investment around the world.

Consensus was also made to promote inclusive and interconnected development, so that G20 cooperation will deliver benefits to the whole world, according to Xi.

For the first time, the summit put development at the center of global macro policy framework and made a groundbreaking action plan implementing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, he added.

"The development of G20 has a bearing on the immediate interests of all its members and the future of world economy. Only when the mechanism responds to changes and advances with the times can it retain its vitality," Xi said.

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