International business, financial institutions are attentive and interested in the Caspian region, understand its potential and geo-economic value, President of Turkmenistan Serdar Berdimuhamedov noted at the IV Caspian Summit, which brought together leaders of coastal states in Ashgabat on Wednesday.
There is every opportunity to provide good conditions for entrepreneurship, free it from obsolete barriers and obstacles and make the Caspian attractive for serious and long-term investments, the Turkmen leader believes. Speaking about the transport significance of the Caspian Sea, the head of state expressed the opinion that it is possible to set an ambitious but realistic goal of turning it into an integral part of the revival of the Great Silk Road.
Serdar Berdimuhamedov also touched upon the issue of industrial cooperation between the Caspian countries, which have vast natural resources, industrial and technological potential. Their unification, creation of partnership production lines, integration corridors is a hot topic of cooperation. And private business is called upon to play an important role in this. In this regard, a proposal was put forward to establish the Business Cooperation Council of the Caspian countries as an independent platform, that is, without state interference.
The possibility of desalination and water supply from the Caspian Sea to Ashgabat will be studied in TurkmenistanThursday, 09 June 2022 19:32
President Serdar Berdimuhamedov instructed to study the possibilities of building desalination plants and supplying water from the Caspian Sea to Ashgabat.
The task was given to Deputy Prime Minister Annageldy Yazmyradov during a working meeting on the state of affairs in the agricultural sector and water issues, which the head of state held via videoconference on Wednesday.
The President also instructed to establish a government commission headed by Yazmyradov and including in its composition the leadership of the Ministry of Agriculture and Environmental Protection, the State Committee of Water Management, the Supreme Control Chamber, scientific institutions, regional administrations, etc.
Serdar Berdimuhamedov pointed out the need to check the channels of the Amu Darya, the Karakum River and other rivers for their condition and fullness in order to eliminate the factors interfering with this, to clean and concreting channels and watercourses.
A MEETING OF THE JOINT WORKING GROUP ON THE DEVELOPMENT AND APPROVAL OF AN AGREEMENT ON THE DOSTLUK FIELD IN THE CASPIAN SEA WAS HELDFriday, 28 January 2022 11:54
Today, on January 27, the fourth meeting of the Joint Working Group was held to develop and approve an agreement between the Government of Turkmenistan and the Government of the Republic of Azerbaijan on joint exploration, elaboration and development of hydrocarbon resources of the Dostluk field in the Caspian Sea.
Members of the Working Group from the Turkmen and Azerbaijani sides attended the meeting that was held online.
During the meeting, the co-chairs of the Working Group made speeches, relevant information from the leaders of the Expert Groups was heard, and the draft protocol of the 4th meeting of the Joint Working Group was discussed.
The speakers noted with satisfaction the progress achieved in the joint work of the parties. As part of today's discussions, the parties also reached an understanding on the soonest agreement on the relevant annexes of the Joint Agreement.
Expert groups were instructed to intensify work on the preparation and approval of draft relevant documents affecting the interests of a potential contractor-investor.
Following the result of the meeting, the Protocol was signed.
On August 22, 2020, the tenth meeting of the Mejlis of Turkmenistan of sixth convocation took place in the format of a videoconference.
The heads of profile ministries and departments of the country, as well as the representatives of the mass media participated to the session. During the session, the drafts Resolutions of the Mejlis of Turkmenistan on adopting a number of laws and joining various important international legal documents, including the modernization of the legislative base of the country were considered.
In the framework of the meeting, the draft Resolutions of the Mejlis of Turkmenistan “On Ratification of the Amendment to the 2016 Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer,” “On Joining the 1999 Agreement on the Protection of Afro-Eurasian Migratory Wetland Birds,” “On Joining the 1983 Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals,” “On Ratification of the Protocol on Environmental Impact Assessment in a Transboundary Context to the 2018 Framework Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Caspian Sea,” “On Ratification of the 1975 European Agreement on Main International Traffic Arteries, on Ratification of the 1985 European Agreement on Main International Railway Lines,” “On Ratification of the 1991 European Agreement on Important International Combined Transport Lines and Related Installations,” “On Ratification of the European Agreement supplementing the 1968 Convention on Road Traffic,” “On Ratification of the European Agreement supplementing the 1968 Convention on Road Signs and Signals,” “On Ratification of the Protocol on Road Markings to the European Agreement supplementing the 1968 Convention on Road Signs and Signals,” “On Joining to the 2013 Marrakech Treaty to Facilitate Access to Published Works for Persons Who Are Blind, Visually Impaired or Otherwise Print Disabled,” “On Joining to the 1961 International Convention for the Protection of Performers, Producers of Phonograms and Broadcasting Organizations” have been considered.
The drafts Resolutions on joining the international legal documents submitted for consideration at the successive session of the Mejlis of sixth convocation were unanimously approved and adopted.
On August 11-12, 2019, the First Caspian Economic Forum was held in Turkmenbashi city, Turkmenistan.
Various international events were organized in the framework of the Forum, on the outcomes of which the following was stated:
The role of the Convention on the Legal Status of the Caspian Sea signed by the Heads of States of Azerbaijan, Iran, Kazakhstan, the Russian Federation and Turkmenistan on the results of the Fifth Caspian Summit held in the city of Aktau, Kazakhstan on August 12, 2019 which creates the conditions for the advancement of cooperation between the Caspian region to a qualitatively new partnership level was underlined;
Recognized that the Agreement between the Governments of the Caspian Littoral States on Trade-Economic Cooperation and the Agreement between the Caspian Littoral States on Cooperation in the field of Transport contribute to further strengthening and development of collaboration between the littoral states in the economic sphere;
Noted that the Caspian Economic Forum platform can become a vital form of cooperation aimed at providing economic growth in the region and beyond its borders;
The necessityof increasing the potential in the area of trade and investment policy, as well as easing the trade process and export supplies potential for the benefit of trade and investments in the Caspian region is highlighted;
It is recognized that the countries of the Caspian region and all the stakeholders, including the private sector, associations and academic circles can maintain active dialogue on the issues of leading practice and measures related to the implementation of goals for ensuring development of economic contacts;
The significance of active participation and assistance on the part of international and financial institutions in the development of international economic cooperation in the Caspian was stated;
The need to unite the efforts for the attainment of considerable potential of the Caspian littoral states’ economic sectors was accepted;
Based on the above-mentioned, the implementation of the following actions is recommended:
- Take the necessary steps for the enhancement of attractiveness of the Caspian littoral states’ economies with the aim of further active integration of the Caspian region in the international economic space.
- Encourage the attraction of investments and stimulate innovations in the energy, industry, transport, trade and other spheres of the Caspian littoral states’ economies.
- Ensure further strengthening of regional cooperation in such areas as social and economic development, environment protection, science and innovations, exchange of economic information.
- Strengthen cooperation and coordination between the Caspian region and the United Nations’ system, including the regional UN commissions.
- Hold the Caspian Economic Forums on regular basis in the littoral cities of the Caspian states.
The participants of the Forum expressed gratitude to the Government of Turkmenistan for high-level organization of the Frist Caspian Economic Forum and hospitality shown.
Turkmenbashi city, Turkmenistan
August 12, 2019
Speaking during the International Caspian Forum, the President of Turkmenistan emphasized that the decisive condition for the successful economic development of the Caspian region, its integration into the world economic relations as a competitive and promising participant is reliance on science, intelligence. The rapid technological breakthrough observed today, in fact, changes the usual aspect of geoeconomics, the quality and level of managerial decisions, the very content of global economic processes.
“To integrate into these trends, and even to influence them here in our region - this task should be considered as one of the priorities for the development of the Caspian region”, the President of Turkmenistan noted.
“It is necessary to pay paramount importance to the creation of a systemic technological component, allocating the necessary funds, mobilizing the intellectual, organizational potential”, emphasized President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov. “We should consistently fill our cooperation with innovative meanings so that they determine the vectors of the future development of the region, its economy and social sphere”.
As a first step, the President of Turkmenistan called for reasonability to establish a real base platform for the technological and innovative start. In this regard, President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov suggested to create an international innovation and technology center, which can be called the “Innovative City of the Caspian Sea”. This laboratory of ideas will provide a platform for scientists, specialists, representatives of fundamental and applied science from the Caspian littoral states and other countries can work together to create a new technological structure for the Caspian Sea, develop models for innovative cooperation, advances solutions to a wide range of issues on the Caspian Sea - energy, industrial, logistic, infrastructural, environmental areas.
President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov emphasized that all activities on the Caspian Sea should be based on scientific research, accompanied by technological developments. The Turkmen leader also spoke about the necessity to create the Digital Economy cluster under the Innovative City of the Caspian Sea.
The state news agency of Turkmenistan
Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov: The Caspian Sea’s energy resources should serve as a basis for regional economic developmentThursday, 15 August 2019 14:26
Today, we should focus our efforts on tackling practical tasks of the Caspian Sea development, President of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov said, speaking at the International Conference entitled ‘The Caspian Sea: Development of International Economic Cooperation”.
The head of state set an important task of giving powerful impetus to energy cooperation.
- The Caspian Sea is extraordinary rich in hydrocarbon resources; its vast untapped offshore and onshore reserves, if used effectively, can lend strong impetus to the dynamic and sustainable growth of the littoral states’ national economies and those of their neighboring countries and provide everything necessary to build new production and industrial facilities, the Turkmen leader said.
The Caspian Sea’s energy resources should serve as a basis for the region’s economic development, President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov stressed.
The head of state emphasized that this will lead to job creation, quality-of-life improvements for the people, and will ensure building social facilities, such as schools, kindergartens, and hospitals.
The industrial development, which depends, to a large extent, on increased hydrocarbon production, can substantially change the entire economic landscape in this part of the world and integrate the Caspian Sea into the global economic space as an equal and effective partner, President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov said.
The state news agency of Turkmenistan
“The Caspian Sea is a unique natural complex with its own unique ecosystem that requires scientific research in the environmental sphere”, the President of Turkmenistan said at the International Conference “The Caspian Sea: in the interest of developing international economic cooperation”.
According to the President of Turkmenistan, putting forward the idea on holding the Caspian Economic Forum, Turkmenistan based on the possibilities of taking all these factors into account, creating conditions for joint work through the broad, ongoing platform for cooperation with the participation of states, international organizations, business structures, scientific centers.
“Today, this idea is close to its embodiment. A new, promising format of international partnerships is emerging, based on shared values and united by common goals and objectives”, the President emphasized.
The President of Turkmenistan underlined that various aspects of the Caspian agenda would be discussed during the forum. The very name of the Forum - “economic” implies a particular emphasis on the issues of economy, trade, investment, innovation and technology. Having expressed confidence that the Forum participants will have something to say to each other, exchange views and assessments, the President of Turkmenistan focused on the main thing, without which no project, no initiative could take place.
It is peace, security, friendship and mutual understanding between the littoral states and the peoples residing there. In this context, President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov recalled that in order to ensure the peaceful and stable development of our region, to create new political and legal foundations for multilateral cooperation on the Caspian Sea the first Summit of the Caspian littoral states was held in Ashgabat in April 2002 at the initiative of Turkmenistan. The Summit laid the solid foundation for the systemic, multi-level and regular negotiation process on the Caspian Sea.
In the future, the littoral states, their government, showing exceptional foresight and political will, the commitment to understand and take into account the interests of each other, achieved significant results. A really long way has been traveled, the most important agreements in the political and diplomatic sphere have been reached, a broad, substantial legal basis for cooperation has been formed. The result of this work was the Convention on the legal status of the Caspian Sea - a document that opens up enormous prospects for partnership that was signed by the Presidents of the five states in Aktau last year. Over the past years, a solid package of five-sided agreements on specific areas of activity in the Caspian Sea has also been signed.
The state news agency of Turkmenistan
The Congress centre of Avaza National tourist zone hosted the First Caspian Economic Forum with participation of President of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov.
The agenda of the Forum included broad range of current issues related to the activation of fruitful cooperation of the coastal countries and all interested foreign partners.
It is symbolically that the day of the current forum fell on the Day of Caspian Sea, which is traditionally observed on August 12. Prime Ministers of the Republic of Azerbaijan Novruz Mamedov, First Vice-president of the Islamic Republic of Iran Eshaq Jahangiri, Prime Minister of the Republic of Kazakhstan Askar Mamin, Prime Minister of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev as well as Prime Minister of the Republic of Uzbekistan Abdulla Aripov and Prime Minister of the Republic of Bulgaria Boyko Borisov were among the participants of the forum. President of the Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation Rustam Minnikhanov has also taken part in the session of the forum as an honoured guest.
The forum united the delegations from different countries of the world, heads and representatives of competent international organizations including the United Nations and its leading structures, the Commonwealth of Independent States, Shanghai Cooperation Organization, Economic Cooperation Organization, International Federation of Freight Forwarders Associations, International Road Transport Union and other as well as many big financial and banking structures. Heads of diplomatic missions accredited in our country were among the participants.
Members of the Government, heads and representatives of ministries and profile departments and other relative structures participate in the work of the forum from Turkmen side.
In the morning, President of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov went to the Avaza Congress Centre.
Upon arrival, the Head of the State was met by the members of the Government of the country. after, Prime Ministers of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev came to the Congress Centre. Warmly welcoming high-rank Russian guest, the Head of the State highlighted that he is glad to see him in hospitable Turkmen land.
Having expressed the gratitude to the President of Turkmenistan for cordial welcome, high-rank guest stated with delight the entry of international relations to new level, having confirmed invariable commitment of Russia to further development of bilateral cooperation. Having noted that new AURUS vehicle of Russian make has been presented at the International Türkmen sährasy – 2019 Motor Review under the First Caspian Economic Forum, the Head of the Government of RF told to Turkmen leader about its main features. Having familiarized with special features of the vehicle, the Head of the State noted that it is necessary to have a talk on procurement of these vehicles for our country.
After, the President of Turkmenistan and Prime Minister of the Russian Federation went to the building of the Congress Centre where President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov warmly welcomed high-rank guests who came to the First Caspian Economic Forum.
After traditional photographing at the background of official banner of the forum, the head of Turkmen State and high-rank guests went to the Conference hall and took their honoured places.
The floor is given to the President of Turkmenistan. Greeting the participants, Head of the State Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov expressed the gratitude to all for accepting the invitation to take part in the work of the First Caspian Economic Forum.
Turkmen leader noted that Prime Ministers of Caspian and other states, representatives from dozens of countries representing the most various spheres of activity – politicians, diplomats, businessmen, ecologists, scientists and journalists, have gathered at the forum.
Caspian Sea is a unique natural complex with its own ecosystem, which requires scientific studies in natural protection sphere. Proposing the idea of Caspian Economic Forum, Turkmenistan took into account all these factors, creation of conditions for joint work by establishment of wide, permanent platform of cooperation with participation of the states, international organizations, business structures and scientific centres, the Head of the State said.
The President of Turkmenistan noted that various aspects of Caspian agenda would be discussed during coming work. The name of the forum itself, an economic one, understands special emphasis on economic, trade, investment, innovations and technologies subject.
Today, we have to focus on solution of current practical objectives of common Caspian development, the Head of the State highlighted, having outlined the attaching of powerful creative impulses to cooperation in energy sphere among the most important objectives. Big reserves of hydrocarbon materials in Caspian offshore and coastal territories are able to give strong energy impulse for dynamic and qualitative growth of national economies of coastal as well as neighbouring states, to provide the conditions for opening of new production facilities, construction of industrial objects. The energy of Caspian Sea has to become the base for dynamic development of the economy of the region.
The President continued that Caspian Sea is located on the intersection of continental routes. Territory of Caspian states, which are located close to each other, have direct access to South Asia and Asian Pacific in the east, Black and Mediterranean Sea in the west, to Middle and Near East via Iran in the south, to Baltic Sea across Russia and further to the north. Such configuration opens perspectives for creation of stable routes in all main geographic azimuths. However, for their proper operation, Caspian states have to establish good system of transport communication between themselves, to build modern port infrastructure and provide an efficient logistics.
In this context, arrangement of efficient trade relations of Caspian region with external markets receives special importance. The President highlighted that he is confident that we have something to offer to the world. These relations have to be stable, free from politicization and unfair competition, to work on clear and transparent principles. In these case, it is necessary to work more actively with the UN Economic Commission for Europe, the UN Economic and Social Committee for Asia and Pacific, the World Trade Organization and other specialized international structures, to perform on their fields from common and agreed positions. It is also appropriate to study positive practice of work of number of regional international organizations like Economic Cooperation Organization, Shanghai Cooperation Organization, Commonwealth of Independent States.
Rely on science and intellect is a decisive condition of success of economic development of Caspian Sea, its integration into the world economy as competitive and perspective member. Rapid technological breakthrough, which is observed today, changes usual image of geo-economics, quality and level of management solutions, content of global economic processes. To merge into these trends and, moreover, to influence them in our region are the objective, which has to be thought as one of the priorities of Caspian development, the President of Turkmenistan noted.
It is necessary to pay the utmost attention to creation of systematic and technological components, having allocated necessary resources and mobilized intellectual and organizational potential, Turkmen leader highlighted. We have to fill our cooperation with innovative thoughts that these are the one, which would outline the vectors of future development of the region, its economy and social sphere.
As the first step, the Head of the State spoke of the appropriateness to form up real base ground for technological and innovative start, having proposed to establish an international innovative and technological centre, which could be referred as to Caspian Innovative City.
President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov highlighted that all our activity in Caspian Sea has to be based on scientific studies and followed by technological developments. The Head of the State also spoke for the necessity of foundation of Digital Economy cluster under Caspian Innovative City. This is important as a groundwork for the future, which provides digitization of activity of the main spheres of economy of Caspian states.
Special role is given to science and to protection of ecological balance of Caspian Sea, to unique bio diversity of sea. In this regards, the Head of the State noted that we stand for establishment of new Caspian ecological programme as a complex of natural protection measures aimed at protection and rational use of rich natural resources of Caspian Sea. At the same time, this Programme could be able to monitor ecological situation in Caspian Sea and to make special recommendations to the Governments of coastal states.
Addressing the participants, President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov noted that speaking of the future of Caspian Sea, Turkmenistan sees it in the context of the future of entire planet and coordinates its work with the activity of the United Nations for fulfilment of the Sustainable Development Goals. We see Caspian Sea, both in geographic as well as social and economic aspect, as one of the directions of the UN Strategy until 2030. Stability of the economy, energy security, ecological balance are the foundations of common Caspian home, the head of the State highlighted.
We would like to see Caspian Sea as a space of cooperation, development, prosperity, free of conflicts and confrontations, place of unification of the energy of the states, international organizations, business, scientific and technological potentials. This is us who outline strategic perspective calling it a model of future for Caspian Sea, the Head of the State said.
The speech of the Head of the State has been listened with keen interest and attention and welcomed by loud applauses.
After, the floor was given to high-rank guests – heads of the delegations of Caspian states.
In his speech, Prime Minister of the Republic of Azerbaijan Novruz Mamedov expressed deep gratitude to Turkmen leader for hospitality and high level of organization of the First Caspian Economic Forum. It was highlighted that Azerbaijan welcomes the initiative of the President of Turkmenistan on the CEF, which would be new format of activation of cooperation between coastal states.
After signing of the Convention on Legal Status of Caspian Sea, the issue of economic development of Caspian region received special currency. Azerbaijan thinks that Caspian Economic Forum will give additional impulse to cooperation in trade, spheres of transport, industry, energy, investments, tourism and other fields, - high-rank guest noted.
The Prime Minister of the republic of Azerbaijan defined the creation and development of international and regional transport corridors as one of the main factors, which play an important role in improvement of efficiency of the economy of the region.
Caspian Sea is an important consolidating factor supporting the intensification of the cooperation between coastal states, Mr Novruz Mamedov said, having expressed the confidence that Caspian Economic Forum would be an actual ground for discussion of current issues of the partnership, would open rich potential of the region and would bring the result for common sake.
After, the floor was given to First Vice-president of the Islamic Republic of Iran Eshaq Jahangiri. It was highlighted that August 12 is the Day of Caspian Sea, a remarkable date for all Caspian states. Signing of the Convention on Legal Status of Caspian Sea on that day in 2018 has become an important historical milestone in multilateral relations, strengthening of the partnership between coastal states.
The adoption of the Convention made good perspectives and opportunities for cooperation in all spheres, which are necessary to use, Mr Eshaq Jahangiri said. In this regard, the fact that implementation of different programs and projects would support the realization of economic, trade and production potential of the countries has been noted.
The First Vice-president of the IRI spoke for the expansion of trade and economic relations in the region, which requires an improvement of relative legal bases. At the same time, the willingness of Iran to provide its transport and transit infrastructure to the regions has been confirmed.
Having confirmed the commitment of Iran to development of productive cooperation in trade and economic, industrial and investment spheres especially with the neighbours in Caspian Sea, the First Vice-president of the IRI expressed deep gratitude to the President of Turkmenistan for cordial welcome and invitation to the Forum, which importance goes far beyond the borders of the region.
Prime Minister of the Republic of Kazakhstan Askar Mamin who spoke after, expressed the gratitude to Turkmen leader for the hospitality and highlighted that significant and not yet implemented potential of Caspian region gives broad opportunities for activation of efficient cooperation in perspective directions. For this purpose, high-rank guest made a proposal on taking of number of joint measures in trade and economic and investment spheres, transport section, energy and ecological areas.
Speaking of the first direction, Mr Askar Mamin noted that economic development is closely related to the expansion of investment potential. In this case, the states of the region would be able to become a point of attraction of foreign investments. It is necessary to focus the efforts on creation of favourable ecosystem and to organize permanent exchange of best practices, to activate work for provision of financial services. In this regard, Kazakhstan side proposes to use the capabilities of Astana International Financial Centre.
At the same time, joint work of five coastal states is required for qualitative provision of transport services, attraction of direct foreign investments, mechanisms of government and private partnership and implementation of new technologies. In this regard, it is suggested to take necessary measures, which would support the development of Caspian international corridors and transformation of the region into big transport and logistic centre.
High-rank guest has also outlined tourism industry among priority vectors of cooperation. Having highlighted the subject of the partnership in energy sector, Mr Askar Mamin made proposal on consolidation of efforts for efficient implementation of available potential including for use of alternative sources of energy as well as for development of coordinated policy and strategy in this sphere. High-ranking guest has also spoken for the improvement of ecological collaboration under strategic initiative of sustainable Caspian Sea.
After, the floor was given to Prime Minister of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. The Head the Government of the Government of the RF highlighted that the Forum has special objective to supplement multilevel system of cooperation under Caspian Five with efficient and timely mechanism of business, trade and economic partnership, to strengthen important political solutions with specific beneficial projects including with participation of the third countries. This is a reason why guests and heads of the Governments representing other states participate in the forum as Caspian region has to be fully open for economic cooperation. Balanced internationally recognized legal base has already been formed for its development.
The high-rank guest said that Caspian region has always been the intersection of geopolitical and economic interests of many leading states, political and business circles, different ethnic groups and confessions and recently, has become one of the main regions of global policy. First of all, it is provided by its natural resources. Together with the countries of the Persian Gulf it forms so-called energy ellipse, which contain more than 70 percent of the world reserves of oil and 40 percent of natural gas. For Caspian states, this is a strategic advantage and one of the most important direction of cooperation.
Optimal transport infrastructure, high technology and safe production facilities, stimulating measures for investors, unique tourist production, this is the way Caspian region of XXI century has to look like. In this context, Prime Minister of Russian Federation confirmed the willingness of Russia to joint work in these directions.
Speaking of transport infrastructure, Caspian region is indeed an intersection of the world communications. Reliable and profitable transcontinental routes are very important for international trade, formation of big regional markets, - high-rank guest highlighted. Many things have been done for the last few years for development of transport and logistic potential of the region. The work on the project of five-side Agreement on Cooperation in the sphere of maritime transport is carried out. Its purpose is to create unified and competitive conditions of transit across Caspian Sea, Dmitry Medvedev said, having noted Russia pays specia attention to this subject.
Having stopped at the second direction of cooperation – the development of resource sectors, which have to become new points of growth in Caspian region, Russian Prime Minister stated the presence of wide opportunities of Caspian states for this, which is indicated by the Exhibition of innovative technologies held under the forum.
Continuing his speech, Mr Medvedev has focused on such important component of cooperation as ecology. The Prime Minister of the RF informed that Russia takes active measures for protection of biological resources Caspian Sea.
Having highlighted tourism sphere, which turns into one of the most important branches of global economy high-ranking guest highlighted that beautiful nature, richest history and culture, all of these allow Caspian region to take a deserving place among the most popular tourist directions. In the end of his speech, having highlighted consolidating factor of Caspian Sea for Europe and Asia, five Caspian states, their partners and people who live on its coasts, high-ranking guest invited everybody to Astrakhan where it is planned to hold the second Caspian Economic Forum.
After, the President of Turkmenistan and high ranking guest answered the questions.
One of the questions addressed to Prime Minister of the Republic of Azerbaijan Novruz Mammedov was about the cooperation in Caspian – Black Sea line and further measures for bringing the partnership in this direction to practical implementation.
Answering the question, the Head of the Government of neighbouring state highlighted its currency and importance, having expressed the opinion that all what was said has a purpose to develop such cooperation. In this aspect, the First Caspian Forum is the first step in this direction. The high-rank guest noted that there was an idea at one of his meeting with President of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov that it is necessary to make a bridge across Caspian Sea and after that everything would be good.
As is known the Day of Caspian Sea is observed on August 1 every year. This is a day when the Framework Convention of Protection of Marine Environment of Caspian Sea, which was signed in Tehran on November 4, 2003, has entered into force. In this regard, the next question related to the main objectives of Caspian countries in ecological sphere was addressed to First Vice-president of the Islamic Republic of Iran Eshaq Jahangiri.
Answering the question, the Head of the IRI delegation highlighted that ecology of Caspian Sea, protection of its flora and fauna are very important subject, which Caspian states have to pay great attention.
After, President of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov answered the question about the differences between the policy of our country on restoration of the Silk Road and the belt and Road Initiative project implemented by the Government of China, which are obviously based on common historical base.
The Head of the State noted that the Silk Road was a historically transcontinental route in all ages. Following this, we started to restore the Silk Road, Turkmen leader said, having noted that in his speech, he highlighted that it is necessary to modernize relative infrastructure in the context of modern realities.
Regarding the project of Chinese partners Belt and Road Initiative and policy of Turkmenistan on restoration of the Silk Road, these two economic strategies are required as they are to serve to prosperity and wealth of the nations of all our counties, the President noted.
The next question was addressed to Prime Minister of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. Historically, Caspian Sea played special role for Russia. Mainly, it was Caspian Sea where the establishment of Russian as a great Eurasian power has been going on. Today, this role is also important. In this regard, the issue was related to the evaluation of perspectives of Russian part of Caspian Sea.
Volga River and Caspian Sea are important arteries of Russia’s life and that is why, great attention is paid to this subject, Mr Dmitry Medvedev said. The programme of ecological improvement of Volga River, which is aimed at protection of its importance as a transport route and unique eco-basin, is under implementation. Of course, we hope that our efforts will be our contribution to total collection of Caspian development.
After, Prime Minister of the Republic of Kazakhstan Askar Mamin answered the question about the work for practical implementation of the Convention on Legal Status of Caspian Sea adopted in 2018.
The Head of the Government of Kazakhstan noted that indeed, signing of the above-mentioned Convention was held in Aktau one year ago. The work on Convention lasted for almost 25 years. At present time, Prime Minister Askar Mamin noted, ratification of the basic documents by all states is under completion. Three countries – Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan, have already ratified it. According to the Prime Minister of the RF, Russian plans to ratify the convention in this year. We also expect relative solutions of these issue from our Iranian friends, high-rank guest said.
At the same time, it was highlighted that the First Caspian Economic Forum and events under its framework are already practical implementation of the agreements.
After, the President of Turkmenistan and high-ranking guests left the hall.
On the same day, the Head of the State has number of bilateral meetings.
After, the First Caspian Economci Forum continued its work in the format of plenary session.
It started from the event that became the evidence of international recognition of the merits of Turkmenistan in such important sphere as modern world development as ecology and environment protection.
Unique event – ecological lesson with participation of 3,000 people organized by the Government of Turkmenistan, was held in Turkmenbashy on August 8. It was by right entered to the Guinness Record Book as the most mass event of ecological and educational direction.
In this regard, representative of the Guinness World Records Sheida Subashi Gemici awarded the Certificate of the “Biggest Lesson of Ecology was given by the Government of Turkmenistan in Turkmenbashy on August 8, 2019”.
After, plenary session was continued by the speeches of its participants, which included the United Nations Deputy Secretary General, Executive Secretary of the UN Economic Commission for Europe Olga Algayerova, Chairman of the Executive Committee – Executive Secretary of the Commonwealth of Independent States Sergey Lebedev, Secretary General of Shanghai Cooperation Organization Vladimir Norov, Secretary General of the Economic Cooperation Organization Hadi Soleymanpur, President of International Federation of freight Forwarding Associations Babar Badat, President of the International Road Transport Union Umberto de Pretto, Deputy General Director of the UNESCO, Executive Secretary of the UNESCO Intergovernmental Oceanography Committee Vladimir Ryabinin as well as Deputy Prime Minister of the Kyrgyz Republic Zamirbek Askarov, Acting Governor of Astrakhan Region, Russian Federation Igor Babushkin, Acting Head of the Kalmyk Republic, Russian Federation Batu Hasikov, Deputy Head of the State Energy Department of the People’s Republic Of China Li Fangrong.
Practical importance of the First Caspian Economic Forum, which is to make solid foundation for development of broad international cooperation in Caspian basin, to become an efficient ground for discussion of joint projects and programme has been highlighted. As a fact, this is about the formation of integrated strategy of cooperation with participation of the states, international organizations, business structures and scientific circles.
During plenary session, priority directions of beneficial partnership including trade and economic sphere, transport and communication sector, energy, industry, business relations were the subjects of interested discussion. It was noted that strategic importance of Caspian Sea and this region in regional, interregional and global geopolitical processes, its role as an important transit, transport and logistic hub provide the necessity of activation of productive cooperation on long-term basis.
In the afternoon, the First Caspian Economic Forum was continued in the format of topical sessions “Trade and Economic Cooperation in Caspian Region”, “Energy Potential of Caspian Sea”, “Development of Industry in Caspian Region”, “Green Economy for Caspian Sea”, Cooperation in the Sphere of Scientific Studies in Caspian Sea”.
The state news agency of Turkmenistan
Statement on the development of the Black Sea-Caspian Sea International Transport Route signed in BucharestThursday, 07 March 2019 10:42
Bucharest hosted the joint meeting of the foreign ministers of Georgia, Romania, Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan where Bucharest Statement on the development of Black Sea-Caspian Freight Transport Corridor was signed.
The Foreign Ministers of the four countries reaffirmed their political will with respect to the development of new transport corridors in the region.
Signing the Statement, the Ministers highlighted the importance of this transit route in connecting the east and the west. According to them, connecting Central Asia with Europe via the two seas is the shortest and the most cost-effective route out of available transport networks.
Special note was taken of the fact that Romania, as a member of the EU is involved in the development of the new route that will lead to the European Union’s further active participation in transport routes. Romania is the current EU Presidency. According to the Romanian Foreign Minister Teodor Melescanu, the new route will take up a prominent place in the EU-Central Asia Co-operation Strategy that will be approved in summer 2019.
A quadrilateral expert working group will be established to conduct negotiations and collaborate all technical aspects, to optimize operational procedures and to facilitate work on harmonization of tariffs and simplification of customs procedures.
The sides emphasized the achieved progress in development of sea infrastructure, including the upgrading of the Poti Port and the development of the Anaklia Deep Sea Port.
The Georgian side emphasized that the strengthening of Georgia as the region’s logistical hub is one of the Government’s priorities. Various projects are implemented in this regard, including the Baku-Tbilisi-Kars (BTK) railway, the East-West Highway Development Project, Lapis Lazuli Transport Corridor, Anaklia Deep Sea Port, Persian Gulf – Black Sea Transportation Corridor, Trans-Caspian International Transport Route, etc.
Black Sea-Caspian Sea International Transport Route was launched in Ashkhabad, on 24 and 25 October 2018.