In 2022 Georgia and Armenia have marked the 30th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations. These relations saw several ups and downs for this turbulent for both countries period. The past three months have been marked with intensive exchange of high-profile visits between the countries.
The relatively decayed under the previous government Georgian-Armenian relations have been enlivened thanks to the efforts of Nikol Pashinyan and his government. Georgian-Armenian summits in the last December and this October held in Tbilisi and Yerevan entailed significant mutual steps for developing further bilateral trade and economic relations in the best possible way. These summits largely predetermined consecutive proactive bilateral dialogue at the level of the various agencies, which seems particularly important in the backdrop of the complicated geopolitical situation in the region. Currently bilateral trade economic relations are institutionalized through the Intergovernmental Commission on Economic Cooperation between the Republic of Armenia and Georgia.
Cross-border cooperation was also on the table of the recent talks between the parties given the sensitivity of the issue, especially after the second war in Karabakh. Some problems with regard to Georgian-Armenian border remain, despite attempts of the officials not to speak about loudly and publicly. One of the examples is village Khojorni situated on the territory of Georgia, but almost completely surrounded by Armenian territory. However, demarcation and delimitation of Georgian-Armenian border appears to be less problematic for Georgia as compared to the more difficult border dispute with Azerbaijan, largely associated with the David Gareja monastery complex.
Peaceful Neighborhood Initiative in the South Caucasus initiated by Georgian Prime-minister Irakli Garibashvili, which designs a format for a dialogue between the three nations and aims at the mutually-beneficial cooperation, was one of the subject of the high-profile discussions. Georgian party underlined its readiness to facilitate or mediate peace dialogue between Armenia and Azerbaijan. However, it appears that neither Armenia nor Azerbaijan show any significant interest in this initiative in the backdrop of mediation by far influential players such as Russia and European Union.
Nevertheless, both parties underlined aspiration of Yerevan and Tbilisi to give new impetus to the bilateral relations. Armenian officials have repeatedly highlighted that further promoting “special, good-neighborly” relations with Tbilisi is one of the priorities of the Armenian Government’s 2021-2026 action plan. Apart of the issues of regional security, the parties expressed readiness to step up bilateral cooperation in the areas of justice, human rights and public services. Both parties gave due attention to the worsening situation in Karabakh as an integral and important part of the regional security. PM Pashinyan stressed that the existing “high level of political dialogue between Armenia and Georgia” can be a foundation to further expand cooperation.
Meanwhile, Georgia tries to keep sober balance in its relations with Armenia and Azerbaijan. Before the trip to Yerevan the new foreign minister Ilia Darchiashvili paid a visit to Baku having thereby emphasizing primacy of relations. Attitudes of Georgian citizens to Armenia and Azerbaijan differ respectively. The nationwide poll conducted by International Republican Institute this March, revealed that when answering the question: Which of these countries do you consider the most important political partners for Georgia? Turkey and Azerbaijan were named by 20% of respondents respectively, while only 7% named Armenia.
Despite optimistic public statements by Georgian and Armenian officials about deepening economic cooperation, Armenia tries to secure alternative routes of supply in evasion of the main land route through Georgia. Beginning June 15, the Armenian government plans to launch regular ferry transportation of goods across the Black Sea as an alternative to the only land road through the Upper Lars checkpoint connecting the country with Russia. The road through Upper Lars checkpoint, which connects Armenia with Russia is crucial for the Armenian economy. Armenian cargoes often end up stuck in queues for a long time due to weather conditions and limited capacity of Upper Lars. According to PM Pashinyan, Russian-Ukrainian war exacerbated these problems.
The agreement between Armenia, Azerbaijan and Russia about unblocking transport communications in the region after the end of the second war in Karabakh, bred fear in Georgia that the country might be supplanted from the new transport and transit facilities in the region, and downgrade Georgia’s role as a transit country. For obvious reasons Georgia is suspiciously observing the attempts of Armenia and Turkey for comprehensive improvement of bilateral relations. The opening of their long-closed border as well as the restoration of diplomatic ties would have tremendous effects on the geopolitical picture of the region. The opening of the otherwise geographically closed region, which has been mostly dependent on Russia for infrastructure in recent decades, would open up and give Turkey a bigger stake in the region’s fate. The role of Iran cannot be downplayed as well.
Certainly, these perspectives heavily depend on the upcoming changes of the security architecture in the region which is directly linked with the consequences of the war in Ukraine.
Georgian-Armenian relations, war in Ukraine and geopolitics
Along with issues of bilateral cooperation, Georgian and Armenian officials gave due consideration to the impact of Russia’s war against Ukraine on the security architecture in the South Caucasus. This topic has acquired particular significance for the three South Caucasian states amid the continued accusations from the Ukrainian intelligence bodies that Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan are negotiating with Moscow over the reexport of Russian products to international markets in the form of Georgian, Armenian and Azerbaijani goods.
Since Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, Armenia and Georgia have tried in different ways to balance the need for good relations with Moscow with a desire to support Ukraine. The conflict in Ukraine directly affects Armenia and Georgia’s behavior toward Russia and the West making them to maintain a careful balance between these two important partners. A clear indication of this effort was that in difference of Georgia, Armenia voted against revoking Russia’s membership in the Council of Europe and abstained in votes suspending Russia from the U.N. Human Rights Council and condemning Russia in U.N. At the same time, Armenia wants to maintain ties with the European Union (EU) and the West, but is not eager to support Ukraine because of Kyiv’s past support for Azerbaijan. As a result, Armenia has sought to signal its support for Russia without alienating the West.
Georgia's highly measured stance to the conflict in Ukraine, including refusal to impose sanctions on Russia and open the “second front,” what official Kyiv requests, are slightly different from the challenges, which Armenia and Azerbaijan are facing.
It must also be noted that imposing sanctions against Russia, which is highly likely to include significant restrictions of transportation through the Upper Larsi checkpoint – the sole land route connecting Armenia with Russia, will seriously harm both Georgian and Armenia’s economics, to say nothing about associated political complications. Outcome of the war in Ukraine is still uncertain. Had South Caucasian states entangled somehow in the Russian-Ukrainian conflict, which increasingly transforms in the standoff between Russia and the West, they can easily find themselves as part of a fast-evolving wider confrontation with all afferent consequences. The Ukraine conflict gives Moscow less incentive to greenlight the normalization processes between Turkey, Armenia and Azerbaijan since they are pushing back against Russian influence in the area. Despite the key role it played in the 2020 war, Turkey found itself sidelined by Russia in the South Caucasus after the end of the fighting. Improving ties with Armenia represents “a chance to regain a seat at the table in regional trade and transport.
Fate of “3+3” format amid the war in Ukraine
The war in Ukraine has sidelined somehow the much-talked of “3+3 Format” declared as an instrument for establishing a lasting peace in the South Caucasus after the 44-day war in Karabakh. But letting alone the conflict in Ukraine, the format is torn apart by significant contradictions between the declared participants. This is particularly true with regard to Georgia and Armenia who have been reluctant or skeptical towards this format for their own reasons. After the first meeting in the "3+3" format on December 10, 2021 in Moscow attended by representatives of 5 countries: Azerbaijan, Armenia, Russia, Turkey and Iran except of Georgia, the next meeting has not been scheduled so far. Existing and future contradictions between the participants, including refusal of Georgia to join the "3+3" format, reduces its geostrategic and geopolitical value, making the format heavily dependent on the outcome of the war in Ukraine. Consequences of the war in Ukraine will significantly influence on the attitudes of the key players such as Turkey and Russia. In the light of Georgia’s demonstrated aspiration to integrate into European and Euro-Atlantic structures, its participation in the “3 + 3” format, aimed at supplanting the West as a player from the region, appears impossible. To this effect, cooperation between Armenia and Georgia will be important in order to be ready for all possible scenarios. In this regard, the initiative of Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliev about interaction between Tbilisi, Baku and Yerevan in a trilateral format highlighted at the meeting with the Georgian foreign minister Ilia Darchiachvili during his visit in Baku this April, deserves attention. So far, the initiative has not been developed further, most likely because of the new cycle of Armenia-Azerbaijani tensions. When speaking about the future of “3+3” format, some Georgian experts suggested that Armenia and Georgia should come up with the “3+3+2” initiative, where “2” should be the European Union and the United States. Only time will tell whether “3+3” survive as a geopolitical project and how and whether Georgia and Armenia will benefit from it.
All in all, both Georgia and Armenia, which belong to the different blocs, most likely are not under the illusions of overcoming natural barriers caused by this factor. Meanwhile, due to the circumstances caused by the second war in Karabakh, one the one hand, and the ongoing war in Ukraine, on the other, political leadership of both countries are aware of the looming challenges. Therefore, the changed geopolitical realities in the South Caucasus and around, bolster Tbilisi and Yerevan to build the type of relations that would help each party retrieve maximum economic and political benefits. Rapprochement of the attitudes on the divisive issues, creating stable and trusting relationships with a higher degree of predictability, appears to be the result, which both parties could expect in the short and mid-term perspective. Achievement of this result might create a groundwork for propelling the bilateral relations at a new level.
By Zaal Anjaparidze
Zaal Anjaparidze works for International Center on Conflict and Negotiation (www.iccn.ge) as program coordinator for peace dialogue in S. Caucasus. Zeal coordinated engagement of civil society organizations, youth groups and peace journalists of the South Caucasian states in the conflict prevention and confidence building.
In 2017, he was manager of the EU-funded project in the Czech non-governmental organization People in Need (www.pin.ge). During 2005-2016, Zaal worked as senior program manager for civil society development program at Europe Foundation (www.epfound.ge). For 1994-2004, worked for the USAID international projects in Georgia (Сhemonics International, the Urban Institute, Barents Group), the Caucasian Institute for Peace Democracy and Development (www.cippd.org) and editor-in-chief of "GEORGIA TODAY" weekly (www.georgiatoday.ge).
Since 1997 to date, Zaal Anjaparidze has been a Georgian contributor and analyst for Jamestown Foundation (www.jamestown.org). Mr. Anjaparidze writes extensively about major events and trends in Georgia and Caucasus for the various national, regional and international editions and think tanks.
Prime Minister of Azerbaijan Congratulates Irakli Garibashvili on the Day of Independence of GeorgiaFriday, 27 May 2022 15:22
Ali Asadov, Prime Minister of the Republic of Azerbaijan congratulated Irakli Garibashvili, Prime Minister of Georgia on the Day of Independence of Georgia today.
As noted in the congratulatory letter, Azerbaijan and Georgia have historically established a strong friendship and kind neighborly relations and current cooperation, which will serve to the development of interaction between Azerbaijan and Georgia.
"Allow me to congratulate you on the national holiday of the country - Day of Independence of Georgia - and convey my best wishes.
Azerbaijan and Georgia are connected with a strong friendship and kind neighborly relations that were historically established between our nations. Currently, high level interaction between our countries is based on the kind will of our people who are loyal to these great traditions.
I believe that our strategic partnership, jointly implemented wide-scale projects and cooperation, which is expanding day after day, will serve to the development of relations between Azerbaijan and Georgia and prosperity of our people in future as well.
It brings me pleasure to recall meetings and honest discussions with you. I am confident that decisions made within the scope of Intergovernmental Commissions and implementation of reached agreements will facilitate a further strengthening of our bilateral relations.
On this outstanding day I want to wish you a sound health and success in your work, while everlasting peace and prosperity to the friendly people of Georgia" reads the congratulatory letter.
Press Service of the Government Administration
The ministers of information and communication technologies of the member countries of the Organization of Turkic States will gather this week, on May 26, within the framework of the “TEKNOFEST Azerbaijan” aerospace technology festival in Baku.
The invited countries are Turkey, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan and Hungary, AZERTAC reports.
It is expected that the Secretary General of the organization will sign a protocol on the results of the meeting. In general, more than 200 thousand visitors are expected to participate in the four-day festival, including 500 foreigners from 33 countries.
The Aerospace Technology Festival TEKNOFEST has been held annually since 2018 (so far 4 times) by the Ministry of Industry and Technology of Turkey and the Turkish Technology Team Foundation.
The first TEKNOFEST outside of Turkey will be held on May 26-29 this year in Azerbaijan, at the Baku Crystal Hall and on the territory of the adjacent Seaside Boulevard.
The organizers of the TEKNOFEST Azerbaijan festival are the Ministry of Digital Development and Transport, the Ministry of Industry and Technology of the Republic of Turkey and the Turkish Technology Team Foundation. The organizers expect great interest in the event and predict thousands of visitors.
On May 10, 2022, President Serdar Berdimuhamedov received the Minister of Economy of the Republic of Azerbaijan Mikayil Chingiz oglu Jabbarov.
Expressing gratitude for the time devoted to the meeting, the guest conveyed warm greetings and congratulations to the head of Turkmenistan from President Ilham Aliyev on the occasion of his election to the highest state post, emphasizing that the wise choice of the Turkmen people reflects the success of the ongoing policy of development, continuity and prosperity of the fraternal country.
President Serdar Berdimuhamedov conveyed his best wishes to the top leadership and people of the friendly state, noting the commitment of Turkmenistan, which has always valued good relations with its closest neighbors, to the course of long-term cooperation with Azerbaijan on an equal and mutually beneficial basis.
Emphasizing the strategic nature of interstate cooperation in the political, trade-economic, energy, transport-communication, scientific-technical, cultural-humanitarian and other fields, the interlocutors stated the importance of strengthening the role of the Intergovernmental Turkmen-Azerbaijani Commission on Economic Cooperation as a coordinating body for the development of relations in various directions.
Particular attention was paid at the meeting to the issues of using the favorable geographical position of the two neighboring states, which creates favorable prerequisites for the effective addition of efforts in the implementation of projects to form transcontinental transit and transport corridors that provide optimally advantageous land and sea routes for transporting goods, and their integration into the international transport infrastructure.
A separate emphasis was placed on the importance of building up cooperation in the energy sector, which is strategic for the national economies of Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan.
At the end of the meeting, confidence was expressed that Turkmen-Azerbaijani relations would continue to be strengthened on a long-term and constructive basis, filled with new content.
On 10 May 2022, the Deputy Foreign Minister, Alexander Khvtisiashvili took part in an event dedicated to the 99th anniversary of the birth of the national leader of Azerbaijan, Heydar Aliyev.
Speaking about the friendly and partner relations between Georgia and Azerbaijan, the Deputy Foreign Minister (MFA) especially noted the significant contribution of the National Leader of Azerbaijan, Heydar Aliyev, to strengthening and deepening relations between the two countries.
"The Georgia-Azerbaijan relations are based on the centuries-old traditions and good neighbourhood. It is noteworthy that Heydar Aliyev played a great role in strengthening these relations, and his contribution is highly valued in Georgia, "- said Alexander Khvtisiashvili.
In his speech, the Deputy Minister expressed the hope that the close cooperation between the two countries will become even more dynamic and will acquire a new dimension.
On behalf of the Georgian government, Alexander Khvtisiashvili wished the Azerbaijani people peace, success and prosperity.
MFA of Georgia
The International Day for Monuments and Sites has recently been celebrated all over the world. The purpose of this history is to draw the attention of the world community to the protection of cultural heritage monuments and historical sites.
Monuments of cultural heritage in the world are being destroyed for various reasons. One of the reasons is wars.
Unfortunately, we still face wars, military conflicts and armed operations in the modern world. Nowadays, the whole world is folowing the war between Russia and Ukraine with excitement. Some time ago, there was another hotspot in the Caucasus region – Karabakh.
In September 2020, the Azerbaijani National Army launched an operation in response to the provocation of the Armenian state. As a result of the 44-day war, the Azerbaijani side liberated the territories occupied by Armenia for almost 30 years.
The problems posed by occupation and war are innumerable. One of them is the fate of Azerbaijan’s cultural heritage.
What happened after Azerbaijan liberated its territories …
It is known that the most important evidence of the historical existence of each nation in the area where it exists, proving its belonging to the region, are the monuments of material and spiritual culture. That is why the deliberate destruction and appropriation of these monuments is called a cultural genocide. İt became clear that Armenia had pursued a policy of purposeful and planned destruction of Azerbaijan’s cultural and archaeological heritage during the 30-year occupation.
This policy of cultural genocide has been implemented in various directions. First of all, efforts were made to appropriate the archeological heritage of Azerbaijan through various falsifications.
Archaeological monuments have a very ancient history in Nagorno-Karabakh and adjacent areas. At the same time, stone and earth walls, remnants of ancient wooden or stone walls, religious sites, shrines, temples and monasteries, areas where religious ceremonies are supposed to take place, cemeteries and mounds date back thousands of years.During the occupation of our lands, Armenians, who did not lay stones in those lands, savagely destroyed archeological monuments.
Thoughtful falsification of history
Armenians carried out their cultural terror against Azerbaijan in a deliberate, planned and purposeful manner. Faig Ismayilov, chairman of the Azerbaijan Historical and Cultural Monuments Protection Organization, said he had made the decision as a result of his research. “During the occupation, the Armenian government set up a commission headed by Doctor of Historical Sciences Hamlet Petrosyan to conduct archeological excavations in Karabakh. The commission, which has been operating since 2000, has been involved in the destruction of archeological monuments in Nagorno-Karabakh and adjacent areas, including Khojaly, Khojavend, Khankendi, Agdam, Shusha, Kalbajar and Lachin. Pupils and students of Armenian higher and secondary schools, as well as the Armenian population of Karabakh were mobilized to carry out the destruction. Representatives of the Armenian government and the Dashnaktsutyun terrorist organization internationalized the commission and involved experts from the United Kingdom, Spain, the Netherlands and Iceland. As a result of their illegal activities, mounds, pit graves, ancient farms, as well as all archeological cultural samples of Khojaly-Gadabay culture were destroyed in Nagorno-Karabakh and adjacent areas. During these illegal archeological excavations organized by the archeologists of the enemy country, valuable samples of underground material culture were obtained by Armenians and transported to Armenia. Lack of control over Nagorno-Karabakh has led to the proliferation of such excavations and the transportation of historical artifacts to Armenia”.
The Azykh Paleolithic camp, located near the village of Salaketin in the Khojavend region, which was subjected to Armenian vandalism in Nagorno-Karabakh, is world famous. This cave was not left out of the Armenian forgery during the occupation. According to sources, the Azykh cave camp, which is more than a million years old, is the only monument that reflects the sequence of the most ancient stages of human history. Azykh Cave, where the hearths (700 thousand years ago) and the remains of the building were discovered (350-400 thousand years ago), is one of the few oldest monuments in the world with these indicators. Azykh cave is one of the monuments of exceptional importance in world archeology.
The Paleolithic archeological expedition of the Institute of History of the Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences under the leadership of Mammadali Huseynov conducted complex archeological excavations in the Azykh Paleolithic camp in June-July 1986-1986. Azykh cave, located in the Tug depression on the left bank of the Guruchay gorge in the Kura-Araz river valley, is included in the UNESCO list of cultural heritage as an ancient cultural monument. Studies show that Azykh Cave is the only monument in the world due to its antiquity, multi-layeredness and archeological richness. In this cave, it was possible to determine the degree of their evolution from the techniques of ancient and Middle Paleolithic stone tools.
Illegal excavations in the Azykh Paleolithic camp
The fauna and archeological materials found in the Azykh cave have created a broad picture of the economic activities of azykhantropes in Azerbaijan. Such a majestic monument was used by the Armenian government as an armory from 1992 to 2001, and since 2001 illegal archaeological excavations began in the cave.
The head of the department of the Institute of Archeology and Ethnography of the Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor Tarikh Dostiyev in an article entitled “Medieval archeological monuments of Karabakh and the policy of cultural genocide of Armenians” mentioned that Albanian Christian monuments are the architectural and archeological heritage that was most appropriated and altered by Armenians in the territory of Karabakh during the occupation. The symbols of the Albanian Christianity on them have been changed and falsified with elements of the Gregorian sect and Armenian culture. From this point of view, it is possible to point out the illegal excavations carried out in the Amaras temple complex
The main purpose of the archeological excavations carried out by the occupying state’s illegal expedition in the Amaras temple complex near the village of Sos, Khojavend region, at the junction of plain and mountainous Karabakh, one of the religious centers of Albania, was to seize the Albanian Christian heritage.
Archaeologist Rashid Goyushov, who conducted legal research at the Amaras temple complex and scientifically proved that the monument is one of the earliest examples of Albanian Christian heritage, was subjected to biased and unfounded criticism. The aim of the Armenian archeologist H. Petrosyan is to falsify the facts, to present the Amaras temple complex as an Armenian cultural heritage, and ultimately to justify the occupation.
Also, the results of archeological excavations in Shahbulag were falsified and attempts were made to connect the ancient settlement with the Armenian ruler Tigran, and to present the monument to the Albanian early Christian as an Armenian cultural heritage. The transportation of the finds to Armenia in violation of international law is now shamelessly promoted as “saving the Armenian cultural heritage.”
Azerbaijani archeologist-scientist, historian Tavakkul Aliyev recalled that in 2016, Armenians spread information about the alleged discovery of their ancient city near the Shahbulag fortress near Aghdam. The scientist noted that the Armenians wanted to work on the Azykh Cave at the international level. At that time, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan took serious steps to prevent the recognition of these investigations. There were also historical graves in Lachin. Those graves were looted and taken to Armenia. Then a fight broke out between the so-called “Arsakh”. Armenia said t belongs to me mine, and “Arsakh” said it belongs to me. In the end, some of those graves were auctioned off in London. The historical culture of Karabakh was plundered by Armenia and put up for auction on the world market. Thankfully, we have already taken back our lands and our monuments have returned to us. After that, everyone must do their job. A civil engineer must contribute to construction, a historian must contribute to history, and an archaeologist must contribute to archeological excavations.
The UNESCO Paris Declaration of October 17, 2003 states that a state that deliberately destroys cultural heritage of great importance to mankind does not take measures to prohibit, prevent, stop, and punish any intentional destruction of cultural heritage of great importance for humanity, is responsible for this.
Levan Davitashvili Met with Minister of Transport, Communications and High Technologies of AzerbaijanTuesday, 12 April 2022 14:17
Vice Prime Minister, Minister of Economy and Sustainable Development Levan Davitashvili met with Minister of Transport, Communications and High Technologies of Azerbaijan, Rashad Nabiyev, being on a working visit to Georgia.
Deputy Ministers Guram Guramishvili and Genadi Arveladze, General Director of JSC Georgian Railway, Davit Peradze and General Director of Marabda - Kartsakhi Railway, Levan Kankava also attended the meeting.
The Ministers discussed the priority areas of bilateral cooperation in the various transport sectors. It was noted that the coordinated cooperation between the countries facilitates the process of attracting cargo in the Europe-Asia transport corridor, which ultimately has a positive effect on the economies of both countries. In particular, there is talk of holding joint presentations on various regional and international platforms, participating in profile exhibitions and carrying out other activities.
Special emphasis was placed on the Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway, on which Georgia, Azerbaijan, Turkey and Kazakhstan signed a protocol, underlining the efforts by each country for the joint development of the transport corridor. It was also noted that the number of containers transported via the Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway is constantly increasing.
Prospect of cooperation in the fields of communication, information technologies and other important sectors were also discussed at the meeting.
MINISTRY OF ECONOMY
European Council President Charles Michel yesterday hosted the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan, Ilham Aliyev, and the Prime Minister of the Republic of Armenia, Nikol Pashinyan, for a continuation of their discussions on the situation in the South Caucasus region and the development of EU relations with both countries.
President Michel reiterated the EU’s commitment to deepen its cooperation with Armenia and Azerbaijan to work closely in overcoming tensions and promote a South Caucasus that is secure, stable, peaceful and prosperous for the benefit of all people living in the region.
The leaders took stock of developments since their last meeting in Brussels in December 2021 and their videoconference, together with President Macron, in February 2022. They reviewed progress on the implementation of undertaken commitments and discussed recent tensions.
President Michel emphasised the importance of humanitarian gestures by both sides to promote confidence and peaceful coexistence. He stressed the need for the full and speedy resolution of all outstanding humanitarian issues, including the release of remaining detainees and comprehensively addressing the issue of missing persons, and stated that the EU is ready to support this endeavour. The EU will likewise continue to support confidence building measures between Azerbaijan and Armenia as well as humanitarian de-mining efforts, including by continuing to provide expert advice and stepping up financial assistance, and assistance to conflict-affected populations, rehabilitation and reconstruction.
President Michel noted both President Aliyev’s and Prime Minister Pashinyan’s stated desire to move rapidly towards a peace agreement between their countries. To this end, it was agreed to instruct Ministers of Foreign Affairs to work on the preparation of a future peace treaty, which would address all necessary issues.
The delimitation and demarcation of their bilateral border will be essential; to this end, it was also agreed to convene a Joint Border Commission by the end of April, with a mandate to:
- delimit the bilateral border between Armenia and Azerbaijan, and
- ensure a stable security situation along, and in the vicinity of, the borderline.
The leaders also discussed the restoration of communications/connectivity infrastructure between Armenia and Azerbaijan in particular and in the South Caucasus more broadly. President Michel welcomed the steps towards the restoration of railway lines, while encouraging Armenia and Azerbaijan to also find effective solutions for the restoration of road links. The EU is ready to support the development of connectivity links, including in line with its Economic and Investment Plan and by utilising the proposed economic advisory forum to identify common projects.
The leaders agreed to follow-up on outcomes of their meeting and to stay engaged.
Irakli Garibashvili, Prime Minister of Georgia met Rashad Nabiyev, Minister of Digital Development and Transport of the Republic of Azerbaijan today.
Meeting was focused on the various directions of cooperation existing between the two countries, including the successful relations within the scope of Baku-Tbilisi-Kars (BTK) Railway, Black and Caspian Sea Transport Corridor, Persian Gulf-Black Sea Corridor and Green Ports.
It was noted that coordinated cooperation between the two countries facilitates the attraction of cargo to the Europe-Asia Transport Corridor, which will ultimately make a positive impact on the regional development and long-term prosperity through peace and stability.
According to the Prime Minister of Georgia, the country supports peaceful cooperation in the region of South Caucasus and stands ready to support the regional dialogue on topics of economic, trade and cultural development, etc.
This is the aim of the Peaceful Initiative of the Prime Minister of Georgia, which envisages the establishment of a format of dialogue and cooperation between Azerbaijan and Armenia.
Discussion was also related to the impact of military activities in Ukraine on the overall security environment.
Meeting held at the Government Administration was attended by Rəhman Hümmətov, Deputy Minister of Digital Development and Transport of the Republic of Azerbaijan; H.E. Faig Guliyev, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Republic of Azerbaijan to Georgia; Levan Davitashvili, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Economy and Sustainable Development of Georgia.
Press Service of the Government Administration
TELEPHONE CONVERSATION BETWEEN THE PRESIDENT OF TURKMENISTAN AND THE PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF AZERBAIJANWednesday, 16 March 2022 14:47
On March 15, 2022, a telephone conversation took place between President of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov and President of the Republic of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev.
In a personal conversation with his colleague, the head of the Turkmen state shared the news that Serdar Berdimuhamedov became the new President of Turkmenistan following the results of the March 12 presidential elections announced today. The Turkmen leader himself intends to continue his active work, but already as the Chairman of the Halk Maslakhaty of the Milli Gengesh of Turkmenistan.
Congratulating on the successful holding of the most important social and political action, which marks a new stage in the development of sovereign Turkmenistan, the head of the friendly state sincerely wished President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov great success in the new political field and expressed confidence that his successor would be a worthy successor to the great achievements of the new historical era.
Thanking for the kind words, the head of the Turkmen state expressed gratitude to the Azerbaijani leader for his great personal contribution to the development of bilateral relations between the two states, as well as for fruitful joint work.
Having wished his colleague good health, long life and every success, the Turkmen leader handed over the handset to the newly elected President of Turkmenistan.
Congratulating the newly elected head of the Turkmen state on his convincing victory in the elections, the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan sincerely wished him great success in his work for the benefit of the state and his native people.
Expressing sincere gratitude for the warm congratulations and good wishes on the occasion of his election as head of state, Serdar Berdimuhamedov, for his part, expressed his full readiness to continue the course begun by the previous President of Turkmenistan, including further building up the entire complex of the Turkmen-Azerbaijani partnership in the long term, promoting mutually beneficial joint projects and programs for the benefit of the fraternal peoples of the two countries.
In this regard, the parties expressed mutual confidence that the high level of trust and mutual understanding established in recent years, coupled with the accumulated extensive experience of joint work, will continue to serve as a solid basis for further constructive interaction in all key areas of cooperation, built on a long-term, mutually beneficial basis.
At the end of the telephone conversation, the newly elected President of Turkmenistan Serdar Berdimuhamedov and the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan wished each other good health, happiness and further success in their state activities, and peace, progress and prosperity to the fraternal peoples of the two countries.