Charles Michel calls Azerbaijan and Armenia for urgent de-escalation and full ceasefire

Published in World
Wednesday, 17 November 2021 16:41

On 16 November, President of the European Council Charles Michel called on Azerbaijan and Armenia for urgent de-escalation and full ceasefire following a new escalation of the situation in Nagorno Karabakh.

Michel had two separate phone calls with Prime Minister of Armenia, Nikol Pashinyan, and with President of Azerbaijan, Ilham Aliyev.

“Challenging situation in region – EU is committed to work with partners to overcome tensions for a prosperous and stable South Caucasus,” President Michel said on Twitter.

 

South Caucasus in the new geopolitical realities

Published in Economics
Wednesday, 20 October 2021 10:00

By Zaal Anjaparidze

While foreign policy identities so significantly diverge in the South Caucasus (SC), there is one key common denominator that ties the regional counties together – the interconnectedness of security risks. Those risks together with the opportunities have become more visible and tangible after the latest 44-day war in Karabakh, which entailed new geopolitical realities in the region. What is worth noting part of the risks and opportunities for SC countries largely emanate from the immediate neighborhood.  On the other hand, the interconnected and interdependent nature of security in the SC goes beyond its neighborhood, because each country - Georgia, Armenia, and Azerbaijan has its own complex and multilayered geopolitical identity. 

In this context, the initiative of a six-nation cooperation platform comprising Turkey, Russia, Iran, Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Armenia initiated by Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan in December 2020, shortly after the end of the war over the disputed Karabakh created a window of opportunity for permanent peace, stability, and cooperation in the region. At the same time, the initiative has stumbled over the existing contradictions between some of the named member-states. The exemplary case was the statement by Georgia’s Foreign Minister David Zalkaliani that albeit Tbilisi finds it “very hard” to join the “3+3 platform,” the country should still seek ways to engage in the prospective infrastructure projects in the region. His statement was promptly disavowed by the other Georgian officials. They underlined that Georgia will not join “3+3 format” because of the presence of Russia with whom Georgia disrupted diplomatic relations after the Russian-Georgian war in 2008 and occupation of Georgia’s secessionist regions by Russia after recognition of their state independence. Georgian Foreign Ministry claimed that the engagement of Georgia in the major geopolitical projects should not be undertaken at the expense of national interests and concessions to the occupier country (Russia).

While Russia-leaning groups in Georgia support “3+3” platform arguing that Georgia must pursue pragmatic and realistic politics reckoning with its neighborhood and geopolitical environment, pro-western forces vehemently oppose it. They consider the engagement of Georgia, the sole ally of the West, in the “3+3” platform where the EU and USA are absent will definitely result in damaged relations with the western partners. Besides, opponents of “3+3” platform argue that Georgia and Armenia will be in this alliance rather as “junior partners” than equitable members as compared to more powerful Russia, Turkey, Iran, and Azerbaijan.

It’s worth noting that recently Russia has decided to revitalize “3+3 format.” Most likely Moscow did so either to pursue its own interests and gain more dominance in the region, or play along with Turkey in order to prevent attempts of the West to reclaim the ground in the region that it has lost after the second war in Karabakh.

However, it’s still unclear how and whether “3+3” format will be able to keep the mutually acceptable balance of political, military and economic interests. The attitude of Iran is exemplary in this context. If the geopolitical order in the South Caucasus before the second war in Karabakh has been relatively acceptable for Tehran, nowadays the situation is different. Iran is sending clear signals to Azerbaijan and Turkey about the unacceptability of the changed geopolitical reality in the region. Thus, Tehran is going to play a more proactive role in the formation of the new rules of the game in South Caucasus and not only politically. Iran has already has announced an agreement between Iran and Armenia for establishing a new alternative transit route for Iranian trucks bypassing the Azerbaijan-controlled 20-km section, where the trucks are required to pay tolls. The northern part of the route will go through Georgia. Like Tehran, Moscow is also not happy with the excessive strengthening of the role of Turkey and Azerbaijan in the region.

However, whatever the plans of the initiators of “3+3,” the initiative largely remains declarative, so far and there are no tangible indicators that it will be “fleshed out” in the near future.  Geopolitical contradictions between the key players of the “3+3” format – Russia, Turkey, and Iran, the persisting confrontation between Azerbaijan and Armenia and standalone Georgia, with its pro-western stance, make materialization of “3+3” even more uncertain

Despite various speculations, today the normalization of relations between Turkey and Armenia seems more realistic because the second war in Karabakh has changed a lot from the geopolitical and geo-economical points of view. Presumably, reckoning with these new realities Armenia perceives the situation in the more realistic prism. Improvement of relations with Turkey, including the opening of borders and new transport communications are the tools that could relieve long-term bilateral confrontation and contribute to peace in the region.   

Georgia lacks official military-political allies in difference from Armenia and Azerbaijan. Strengthening the influence of Russia and Turkey around Georgia with the weakening influence of the West in the region leaves Georgia in a vulnerable position. This affects Georgia’s role as a transit country and may leave it on the margins of anticipated grand regional projects.

Russia and Turkey are highly likely to do their best to lure Georgia somehow into the “3+3” platform and persuade Armenia to join the platform despite persisting tensions with Azerbaijan.

It appears that Tbilisi and Yerevan must decide whether the benefits of joining “3+3” in any form will overweigh geopolitical risks. These risks are far greater for Georgia because joining “3+3” may significantly damage its relations with the West. These relations are already strained due to the latest political developments in the country highly criticized by the West.

Fragile peace after the armistice in Karabakh supported by Russian peacekeepers and the Turkish military observers revealed a tangle of problems waiting for settlement. Currently the most notable are the continued tensions between Azerbaijan and Armenia manifested in the armed clashes at times and increasing tensions between Azerbaijan and Iran. The latter considers itself unfairly outflanked during the peace talks on the resolution of the latest Armenian-Azerbaijani armed conflict.

By repeated but still less successful attempts to act as a mediator in the Armenian-Azerbaijani conflict Georgia is highly likely aiming at finding its unique niche in the new geopolitical realities. However, subdued reactions from Baku and Yerevan indicate that none of them is in the mood to see Georgia as a key mediator given the Russian and Turkish factors.  Georgia, which perhaps has more at stake in peace between Azerbaijan and Armenia than does any other third country, has ample reason for concerns over the actions of Turkey to say nothing about Russia. Ankara’s new geopolitical assertiveness is a wild card with unpredictable implications for Tbilisi. Possible Turkish-Armenian reconciliation will enhance Armenia’s regional role and will offer the latter a better bargaining position with Georgia with the attendant consequences.

CONCLUSION

The complex geopolitical theatre of the South Caucasus exerts significant influence on the foreign policy identities of the region’s countries. Intra-regional conflicts make the region highly exposed to the influences of its larger neighbors, which play a significant role in shaping the regional security dynamics.

At the same time, membership within or orientation towards the conflicting alliances strengthens intra-regional rifts, further decreasing the chances of peaceful conflict resolution in the region. To this end, “3+3” platform can be considered as one of the possible but not an ideal tool for keeping a relative balance of powers and interests of the key regional players. But the attempt to supplant the West as a non-regional player, is fraught with risks given the strategic interests of the latter in the regions.

Despite the strong divergence in foreign policy and alliance choices of the three South Caucasus states, strategic multilateral partnerships within the region and with the region’s immediate neighbors, appear to be the best possible option to transform fragile stability into a lasting cooperation framework, which in turn is a path to sustainable peace. However, existing tensions between Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia on the delimitation and demarcation of state borders, as well as ownership of historical-cultural monuments in the disputed border areas, don’t contribute to the development of full-fledged partnership.

Acting Assistant Secretary Reeker’s Travel to Georgia, Azerbaijan, and Armenia

Published in Politics
Monday, 07 June 2021 12:17
Acting Assistant Secretary Reeker’s Travel to Georgia, Azerbaijan, and Armenia. According to the US Embassy in Georgia Acting Assistant Secretary for European and Eurasian Affairs Philip T. Reeker will travel to Tbilisi, Georgia; Baku, Azerbaijan; and Yerevan, Armenia June 6-13 to advance bilateral and regional priorities and to express U.S. support for democratic and economic development across the region.
Acting Assistant Secretary Reeker will meet in Georgia with government, opposition, and civil society leaders to discuss full implementation of the April 19 agreement among Georgian political parties as well as Russia’s ongoing aggression against and occupation of Georgia.
In Armenia and Azerbaijan, Acting Assistant Secretary Reeker will meet with government, civil society, and business leaders to discuss bilateral priorities and issues related to the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict.

Statement of the President at the Joint Press Points with President Armen Sarkissian of Armenia

Published in Politics
Friday, 16 April 2021 10:29

President Salome Zourabichvili and H.E. Armen Sarkissian, President of the Republic of Armenia, held a face-to-face meeting, followed by an expanded format meeting, after which they issued statements at a joint press point. Below is President Zourabichvili’s statement.

“Mr. President, I am glad to host you in our country. This visit was planned long ago and unfortunately could not be carried out. The pandemic and the conflict in the region have greatly hindered us and we have not been able to organize this visit so far, so I am very happy to have the opportunity to receive you today at the Orbeliani Palace.

“Since our last meeting, we have faced very difficult challenges in the Caucasus.

“On the one hand, the pandemic affected the economies of all three countries, shutting down the world and claiming human lives. However, the casualties caused by the war were much greater for the region and the individual country. I would like to express my condolences and sympathies to the families of those killed during this war, Mr. President.

“As it was during the conflict, Georgia is on the side of peace. As a sign of this, our offer for a platform for meetings, dialogue and to ease the situation remains in place.

“I briefed the President of Armenia, Mr. Sarkissian, on the situation in the occupied territories of Georgia, including illegal borderization, kidnappings, human rights abuses, and the aggravated humanitarian situation and escalations during the pandemic.

“We all understand that any conflict in the region affects the whole region, so peace and cooperation have no alternative for the development of the Caucasus.

“Given the importance of stability in the region, we also discussed the alarming situation in Ukraine. The Black Sea region (and not only) is threatened with escalation and destabilization. We understand how important de-escalation is today for this region as well.

“We discussed the unique future economic potential of our region, with increased interest from various external actors, new plans or platforms. All this proves the great importance of this region. However, the role of the Caucasus countries remains crucial. The countries of the Caucasus must jointly define their future, considering the Caucasus in terms of its transit and other potential, I see it only as an open region.

“The implementation of large-scale projects to bring Asia and Europe across the Caucasus and the Black Sea requires the active participation of the EU, one of the main players, together with everyone and other stakeholders.

“It is important for the EU to be involved in the final settlement of the conflict, as well as in the implementation of following infrastructure plans within the Eastern Partnership.

“We also talked about our bilateral relations to strengthen and implement economic, touristic, and cultural projects.

“We are also proud of the fact that the Georgian citizens of Armenian origin have all the means to preserve the language and culture of their ancestors in this country. At the same time, more needs to be done, mainly by the State, so that they can fully master the state language and thus be able to integrate fully and participate in the economic or political development of the country.

“I am very happy with your visit today. We also discussed some of the initiatives that can be taken at our level, how to encourage business actors to start thinking and working together on specific projects. This will arouse the interest of investors not only for each country but also collectively, as such a format may be much more attractive.

“We started discussing this today, which will continue and which we will give a specific form. I have high hopes for this.

“Thank you very much, Mr. President, for your visit, and I am happy that such a close, friendly relationship has been and will be maintained over time!”

Embassy of Azerbaijan in Georgia releases statement

Published in military
Wednesday, 30 September 2020 15:39

As a result of the Armenian aggression against Azerbaijan, the civilian population was killed, and the civilian infrastructure was damaged. The Embassy of the Republic of Azerbaijan in Georgia spreads information about the conflict.

"The armed forces of Armenia have been continuing to target the civilian population, private houses and other civilian infrastructure in residential areas along the line of contact in a gross violation of its obligations under international humanitarian law, including the 1949 Geneva Conventions.

Civilian facilities, such as hospitals, medical centers, school buildings, and kindergartens, have been subjected to indiscriminate shelling of Armenia's armed forces, including from artillery and other large-caliber weaponry. Electricity and energy infrastructure got damaged in residential areas. Armed units of Armenia targeted gas lines in the Borsunlu and Hulabandi villages and several neighborhoods in the Tartar district's administrative center.

On September 29, a mortar attack hit a medical facility in Garadaghli village of Aghdam. As a result, one civilian died. As of September 29, 12 civilians, including two children and two elderly, were killed, with 35 civilians hospitalized. Sixty-six private houses and eight private properties were damaged. Below is photo evidence of the humanitarian law violations of the armed forces of Armenia. Private properties of the residents of Azadgaragoyunlu village of the Tartar district were seriously damaged," reads the statement. 

Statement by Georgian Prime Minister Giorgi Gakharia

Published in Politics
Wednesday, 30 September 2020 15:06

Another military confrontation between Azerbaijan and Armenia has created a grave situation. There are heavy casualties and, unfortunately, the cessation of hostilities and the resumption of dialogue has not been possible thus far.

We all understand that further escalation of the situation will have an extremely negative impact on the security of the entire region. We once again call on the OSCE Minsk Group co-chairs and international actors to make the most of the available opportunities to end the escalation and resume dialogue. As you know, our country has good neighborly relations with both countries, Azerbaijan and Armenia.

Historically, our Azerbaijani and Armenian citizens living in Georgia have always played a great role in the development and strengthening of our country, as well as the entire region. At the same time, their peaceful coexistence is a good example demonstrating that Georgians, Armenians, and Azerbaijanis have the potential to turn the entire South Caucasus into an area of peace and development.

It is our common interest for peace to be established in the region as quickly as possible. Georgia is ready to facilitate this process in any way, including by hosting a meeting of representatives of the sides of the conflict in Tbilisi for the purpose of holding a dialogue.

Press Service of the Government Administration

Special meeting of OSCE Permanent Council held on situation in Nagorno-Karabakh context

Published in World
Wednesday, 30 September 2020 10:15

VIENNA, 29 September 2020 – A special meeting of the OSCE Permanent Council on developments in the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict context was convened at 17:00 local time in Vienna today by Albania’s 2020 OSCE Chairmanship. The meeting was attended by representatives of the OSCE’s 57 participating States.

Opening the meeting, Ambassador Igli Hasani, Chair of the Permanent Council, reiterated the Chairmanship’s alarm at the ongoing clashes and deterioration of the situation on the ground. Dismayed by the rising number of casualties, he repeated the OSCE Chairmanship’s call for an immediate de-escalation and offered condolences to the families and loved ones of those killed and injured.

Briefing the Permanent Council, Personal Representative of the Chairperson-in-Office, Ambassador Andrzej Kasprzyk, said he was receiving information directly from the ground and local interlocutors at the highest level. Ambassador Kasprzyk said he was in constant communication with the sides, and said his team were ready to resume monitoring on the ground as soon as the situation permits.

Representatives of the Minsk Group Co-Chair countries – France, Russian Federation and the United States of America – reiterated the Co-Chairs’ appeal to all sides to cease hostilities immediately and to resume negotiations to find a sustainable resolution to the conflict.

The Albanian OSCE Chairmanship repeated the importance of a negotiated solution and its support for the work of the Minsk Group Co-Chairs and Ambassador Kasprzyk in their efforts to stabilize the situation on the ground.

Source: https://www.osce.org/chairmanship/465225?fbclid=IwAR3bzKHU40IJHkQ4VbAiiYgh1eSFrlZOpuVGT9z1Z23ja-nsnWi5G1p8feU

Information of the Embassy of the Republic of Azerbaijan in Georgia regarding the next massive attack by the military forces of Armenia against the civil population of Azerbaijan and measures undertaken by the Azerbaijani side

Published in military
Monday, 28 September 2020 17:29

A special briefing regarding the situation on the front line took place at the Embassy of Azerbaijan in Georgia.

The embassy's adviser, Eldar Bayramov, said that a large-scale attack on Azerbaijan got carried out by Armenia yesterday morning. The Azerbaijani military fired back.

Eldar Bayramov stressed that as a result of the bombing settlements and civic facilities, Azerbaijani civilians were killed and wounded.

Around 06:00 hours, on 27 September 2020, the armed forces of Armenia blatantly violated the ceasefire regime and launched an intensive attack on villages of Gapanly of Tartar district, Chiragly and Orta Garvand of Aghdam district, Alkhanly and Shukurbayli of Fizuli district and Jojug Marjanli of Jabrayil district of Azerbaijan.

The bombardment of densely populated civilian areas and installations situated along the front line by Armenia's armed forces has been deliberate and targeted. There are reports of dead and wounded among civilians and military servicemen. Extensive damage has been inflicted on many homes and civilian infrastructure.

For instance, as of 27 September, 20:00, according to the preliminary estimations, 19 Azerbaijani civilians have been hospitalized with different wounds. Elbrus Gurbanov and his 4 family members, including two under-aged, were perished, and the house was totally destroyed in the Gashalty village by the city of Naftalan. 

Armenia's deliberate targeting of residential areas and the civilians is a gross violation of the international humanitarian law, including the Geneva Convention of 1949. Targeting the civilian population is a tactic incorporated in the combat training of Armenia's armed forces, and the Khojaly genocide perpetrated in February 1992 has been a vivid testimony to that.

Armenia plans to occupy Azerbaijani lands and does not conceal that. Their military-political leadership tried to threaten Azerbaijan with a new occupation, a new policy of occupation for new territories – this is the policy of Armenia’s military-political leadership today.

Azerbaijan has issued repeated warnings to the international community that Armenia is preparing for a new act of aggression and war. We have repeatedly stated that Armenia's ongoing military aggression against Azerbaijan and the presence of the armed forces of Armenia in Azerbaijan's occupied territories have remained a significant threat to regional peace and security.

With the General Debate at the UN General Assembly's 75th Session underway and the world fighting the COVID-19 pandemic, Armenia's political-military leadership has resorted to another military provocation. By doing so, Armenia's leadership demonstrated once again a flagrant disregard for the international law, UN Charter and the international community.

The armed forces of the Republic of Azerbaijan are undertaking necessary counter-offensive measures to prevent Armenia's another military aggression and ensure the security of the civilian population.

In the course of a successful military operation, units of the Azerbaijani Army have so far liberated the villages of Garakhanbeyli, Garvand, Kand Horadiz, Yukhary Abdurahmanly and Ashagy Abdurahmanly of Fizuli district, as well as Boyuk Marjanli and Nuzgar of Jebrail district of Azerbaijan. In addition, enemy posts in the Aghdara and Murovdag directions were destroyed, and a number of dominant strategic heights were taken under the control of the Armed Forces of Azerbaijan. The Azerbaijani army is currently continuing to fire and strike at the enemy's military positions, as a result of which most of the enemy's military equipment was destroyed.

Azerbaijan exercises its right to self-defense and repulse aggression in full compliance with the UN Charter and international law. And the responsibility for the present situation and future developments lie squarely with Armenia's political-military leadership.

Georgian Foreign Ministry's statement on the next military escalation between Azerbaijan and Armenia

Published in Politics
Monday, 28 September 2020 15:45

We are following with concern another military escalation between Azerbaijan and Armenia, which, according to reports, has already caused casualties and damage of infrastructure. We are confident that the parties will be able to reach a ceasefire, sit at the negotiating table and avoid largescale military activities that will have a marked negative impact on the security of the entire region.

Georgia calls on the OSCE Minsk Group co-chairs and international actors to direct all their efforts towards ending the escalation and ensuring the resumption of a constructive dialogue.

For our part, we reiterate that Georgia remains committed to contribute, in any form, to de-escalation of tensions and restoration of peace in the region.

Source: https://mfa.gov.ge/News/saqartvelos-sagareo-saqmeta-saministros-ganck-(64).aspx?lang=en-US

Hikmat Hajiyev: Armenia's deliberate targeting of residential areas and the civilians is a gross violation of international humanitarian law

Published in World
Sunday, 27 September 2020 11:08

Assistant to the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan, Head of Foreign Policy Affairs Department of the Presidential Administration Hikmat Hajiyev has made a statement as the armed forces of Armenia blatantly violated the ceasefire regime on September 27.

The statement reads: “As it has already been reported by the Ministry of Defense, around 06:00 hours, on 27 September 2020, the armed forces of Armenia blatantly violated the ceasefire regime and using large-caliber weapons, mortar launchers and artillery launched an intensive attack on the positions of the armed forces of Azerbaijan along the frontline, as well as the villages of Gapanli of Tartar district, Chiragli and Orta Garavand of Aghdam district, Alkhanli and Shukurbayli of Fuzuli district and Jojug Marjanli of Jabrayil district.

The bombardment of densely populated civilian areas and installations situated along the front line by Armenia's armed forces has been deliberate and targeted.
There are reports of dead and wounded among civilians and military servicemen. Extensive damage has been inflicted on many homes and civilian infrastructure.
The armed forces of Armenia continue with the bombardment of our positions and residential areas along the frontline.

Armenia's deliberate targeting of residential areas and the civilians is a gross violation of the international humanitarian law, including the Geneva Convention of 1949. Targeting the civilian population is a tactic incorporated in the combat training of Armenia's armed forces, and the Khojaly genocide perpetrated in February 1992 has been a vivid testimony to that.

According to the international law, Armenian armed forces' strikes against the positions of Azerbaijan's army, against the civilians and civilian infrastructure, with the use of large-caliber weapons, are Armenia's yet another military aggression and an act of the use of force against Azerbaijan.

The armed forces of the Republic of Azerbaijan are undertaking necessary counter-offensive measures to prevent Armenia's another military aggression and ensure the security of the civilian population.
Azerbaijan has issued repeated warnings to the international community that Armenia is preparing for a new act of aggression and war.

Azerbaijan has repeatedly stated that Armenia's ongoing military aggression against Azerbaijan and the presence of the armed forces of Armenia in Azerbaijan's occupied territories have remained a significant threat to regional peace and security.
With the General Debate at the UN General Assembly's 75th Session underway and the world fighting the COVID-19 pandemic, Armenia's political-military leadership has resorted to another military adventure and a provocation. By doing so, Armenia's leadership demonstrated once again a flagrant disregard for the international law, UN Charter and the international community.

The responsibility for the present situation and future developments lie squarely with Armenia's political-military leadership.”

Source: https://azertag.az/en/xeber/Hikmat_Hajiyev_Armenia_039s_deliberate_targeting_of_residential_areas_and_the_civilians_is_a_gross_violation_of_international_humanitarian_law-1596165?__cf_chl_jschl_tk__=e85d73c3d3573dc104442aa9e8dc14bb931ddb14-1601190928-0-AW1Xm8TV0Uw5xmWHSOt_YAMyIn8g1K03di7CvXdmSin4inQIpXTmqNLVInuZiK5Y73Wf6uMV_whiaVRn8VenpO-jRTLGtOVr8ymLpz3EnbOUTxvdBJVGQtpjizo9JXFa0xk4lxw_6ttkXoJUUVbjx_qO7lYflCl-oQopDMxKwFrDqvZOs7wSoXNvs8z35-aVsFpNdd81n64_PPq3lCNwh5Gb_FcjiDhnF5kpDhW4-RtF4BnpDq-ZattaFL_P8mTxIyT32RjtwrbFLB_PKl0guH6M8yw1NQQRsvy25BeMlEAVeU-JQuzBmosOHP8ZfPJorvPqTpB2LT5yCUM7XRKnvRR286zq_QCyDbt4tYI5w9aoDB5swspm_jKiIFe9pAixrjJp_kzmzVxBSryi0gQvWy3Dfl-2rvVZ-8kHUg7gK5sOMQvpcdobBOZdjFj1kaINDCLvSwvL6cYE0j0NFxGL_IpD1obfWUgDNJ78Eshy-fQR

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