Irakli Garibashvili: Process will soon start for the selection of a new potential investor for the Anaklia Port ProjectFriday, 05 March 2021 12:54
Georgian authorities had always demonstrated unprecedented support towards the Anaklia Port Project. It was stated by Irakli Garibashvili, Prime Minister of Georgia at the Executive Government Meeting today.
As noted by the Prime Minister of Georgia, irrespective of deferring deliverables at multiple occasions, investor failed to meet its commitments and therefore the process will soon start for the selection of a new potential investor.
"Authorities of Georgia, including the executive and legislative wings, demonstrated full support to the Anaklia Port Project. I wish to remind the society that Parliament of Georgia in its 9th Convocation indicated the Deep Sea Port of Anaklia as a key priority in the Constitution of Georgia. Principal and miscellaneous obligations of the investor were deferred at multiple occasions. Only the principal ones were deferred three times! Also, the Government acquired land from individual property owners in the total value of 58 million GEL and transferred the chain of custody to the investor. We also assumed the obligation to build a motorway and rail road to access the port. The Road Department of Georgia has blueprints ready for it. Besides, Partnership Fund was prepared to allocate a subordinated loan in the volume of 100 million USD to let the investor meet its obligations. Nevertheless, you may well be aware that the investor failed to meet its obligations and could not raise the required equity or borrowing in the volume of 400 million USD. We will be launching a process to select a new potential investor in the nearest future. Respective agency subordinated to the Ministry of Economy of Georgia will be announcing a tender in line with the procedures promulgated in the law. What is equally important, international consultants will be contracted to guide us in the selection process to identify the successful bidder" stated the Prime Minister of Georgia.
Press Service of the Government Administration
Perfect Opportunity to Reaffirm U.S. Government Support for Anaklia Port Project
TBILISI, GEORGIA, 13 November 2020 – The Anaklia Development Consortium (ADC) today issued the following statement in advance of the 17-18 November visit to Georgia by U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo:
“The Anaklia Development Consortium (ADC) and its investors welcome the visit of U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo to Georgia, and expect Secretary Pompeo and Ambassador Degnan will express to the Georgian Government their continued support for a port project at Anaklia.”
“It was just last year (11 June 2019) that Secretary Pompeo offered a strong endorsement of support for the Anaklia Project following his meeting with then-Prime Minister Mamuka Bakhtadze, when he told the press:
“I communicated our hope that Georgia completes the (Anaklia) port project. The project and others will enhance Georgia’s relationship with free economies and prevent Georgia from falling prey to Russian or Chinese economic influence. Those pretend friends do not have Georgia’s best interests at heart.”
“The timing and purpose of Secretary Pompeo’s visit invites an examination of the Georgian Government’s purported commitment to seeing through the development of a world-class port at Anaklia. While this commitment was expressed directly to both Secretary Pompeo and Ambassador Degnan, recent developments show that the Georgian Government’s commitment to Anaklia was a hollow one.
“The Georgian Government’s duplicitous and unlawful actions in relation to the Anaklia project has caused considerable financial losses for its U.S., European and Georgian investors and unfortunately now led to international arbitration proceedings being commenced against Georgia, which create a considerable financial risk for the state and will serve to discourage foreign investment in Georgia at a time when Georgia most needs it.
“Beyond the Anaklia project, the actions of the current Government over the past year certainly raise questions about its commitment to implementing meaningful judicial and governance reforms, which are important for increasing foreign investment and strengthening the Georgian economy.
“We wish Secretary Pompeo all success during his visit to Georgia and his meetings with the Government.”
Further details of the Anaklia Port project and ADC can be found at http://anakliadevelopment.com
Government Actions and Words Appear to Show Its Support for Poti at the Expense of Anaklia and Raise Questions About Whether it has been Misleading Georgian Public as well as International Communities
TBILISI, GEORGIA, 27 October, 2020 – Recent actions and comments by the Georgian Government appear to have exposed its true intentions to promote Poti and to turn its back on Anaklia as the location of a future world-class seaport. In the process, the Government has damaged its reputation in the global investment community by misleading investors and diplomats who were led to believe that the Government is still committed to a project at Anaklia. By every measure, it appears the Government has no interest in such a project at Anaklia.
Government Puts Its Support Behind Poti at the Expense of Anaklia
As reported in the media on 18 October, Georgian Prime Minister Giorgi Gakharia said at a political event sponsored by Georgian Dream, "We have to agree and be honest with each other that there are many problems in Poti, but nevertheless, I want to tell you that the next 4 years will be the years of Poti reconstruction, specifically the years of Poti reconstruction. Because that is what necessary not only for Poti but the entire country.”
Separately, Davit Ebralidze, Chief Executive Officer of Poti Free Industrial Zone (FIZ) said in an interview with Georgia Today “Initially when thinking about location of new FIZ, the most significant location was chosen strategically, not only in Georgia but in the Black Sea and Caucasus Region. Poti FIZ is located in the centre of the Silk Road and international transport and logistics corridors. Its location is one of the distinctive advantages over other free industrial zones in the country… The Poti Free Industrial Zone is one of the most strategic and successful companies within Smart Capital Group.”
Taken together, these comments suggest that the Government are now committing themselves to Poti as the future home of the long-anticipated deepwater seaport, contradicting prior statements from the Government.
The 23 October announcement by APM Terminals Poti (APMT) and Poti New Terminals Corporation (PNTC) that they have signed an agreement for the joint development of a new bulk cargo facility on the northern side of the Poti Sea Port reinforces the belief that the Government has been telling two conflicting stories: One that it is still committed to Anaklia; the second that it is focused solely in Poti. PNTC’s website suggests their intent is to see “a new deep-water harbor (greenfield) for dry bulk and container handling north to the existing Poti Port.” In other words, an alternative to Anaklia.
The interests of Georgian Dream Supporters Intersect with those of Poti FIZ
Based on public records, there appears to be close financial interests between Poti FIZ and high-level people connected to Georgian Dream:
- Poti Free Industrial Zone is managed by Euro-Asian Management Group, which is jointly owned by a subsidiary of the Chinese company CEFC and Eurasian Invest LLC.
- Both David Ebralidze and Ivane Chkhartishvili are on the Supervisory Board of Eurasian Invest, which itself is owned by two companies registered in the British Virgin Islands, where laws make it difficult to track who owns them.
- Davit Ebralidze was previously Head of Administration for Georgian Co-Investment Fund, a fund set up by Georgian Dream leader and former Prime Minister Bidzina Ivanishvili to manage some of his personal investments.
- Chkhartishvili is also co-chairman of Euro-Asian Management Group and owns Smart Capital Group which, as noted above, is involved with Poti FIZ. Chkhartishvili “has been connected to several corruption cases” according to Democracy and Freedom Watch
- George Bachiashvili, who served on the board of directors of Eurasian Invest and appears to be the sole director of one of the BVI companies behind Eurasian Invest. He previously served as CEO of Georgian Co-Investment Fund and has long been connected to Bidzina Ivanishvili as a financial advisor.
Government Admits That Anaklia is Unlikely
As further evidence that the Government has no interest in seeing a port developed at Anaklia, it included language in its proposed 2021 budget that would be certain to scare away any potential investors. On pages 517-518 of the proposed budget is the following passage regarding the intended new tender for an Anaklia Port Project: “Potential risks – as it currently stands, due to the potential arbitration dispute, an investor of high reputation and experience may not be selected. Also, other unforeseen circumstances.”
Government Abandons Anaklia Site and Creates Health and Environmental Risks
The Government has also abandoned the site of the proposed Anaklia project after it unlawfully seized the land from ADC in February 2020. While ADC had invested considerable resources to begin site preparation work, including clearing 110-hectare area where soil was removed and cleared of waste, the Government’s failure to maintain the site has led to significant and chronic circulation of dust and particulate emissions, causing damage to the environment as well as threatening nearby residents with potentially serious respiratory health problems.
ADC had advised the Government of the need and means to mitigate these risks. However, the Government has ignored this, causing problems for the people of the region and signaling its lack of any further interest in the site.
Statement from Anaklia Development Consortium
“The current Government has misled the people of Georgia and the international community about its intentions for Anaklia port. Since unlawfully terminating the investment agreement with ADC in January 2020, Government ministers have said multiple times that the Government will issue a new tender for a port project at Anaklia. Based on its actions, however, it seems the Government has chosen to promote Poti and the related Free Industrial Zone, at the expense of the Anaklia Port.
“Most troubling is the Government’s duplicity, which will only serve to discourage foreign investors who feel they cannot trust the Government, and Georgian citizens who fear that the scourge of corruption will once again tarnish Georgia’s reputation and undermine their trust in the Government. One has to question whether the Government is acting in the best interests of the people of Georgia. Regardless of its motives, however, it certainly appears the Government is not being honest about its intentions with Anaklia.”
Why Poti Cannot be an Adequate Alternative to Anaklia
The Government’s initial decision to develop Anaklia was taken in 2013 after the Government hired a consortium of international consultants to compare and contrast the options in Georgia for a deep sea port. Anaklia was chosen because it held a number of advantages over every other location in Georgia, including the geo-technical conditions of the site, its financial feasibility and most importantly, the significant economic, social and geopolitical impact the project would have both on the Abkhazia region and the wider country.
The consultants’ report clearly outlined that the existing ports in Georgia (including Poti) are limited in their capacities and hinterland connections, and any expansion would have only short-term impact for the national maritime sector. The consultants advised the Government of Georgia to consider the development of the greenfield and large-scale deep sea port at Anaklia to ensure long term advantages for the country and phased capacity developments to serve Georgia’s needs in long-term perspective.
The existing port in Poti has numerous disadvantages and is not suitable for expansion, and the proposed new site at Poti is equally flawed, as explained by ADC.
Further details of the Anaklia Port project and ADC can be found at http://anakliadevelopment.com
 The full set of documents submitted by the Government to the Parliament of Georgia together with the draft Law on 2021 State Budget are available at:
Government Has Neglected Management of Site After Unlawfully Seizing The Property
TBILISI, GEORGIA, 15 October, 2020 – Residents of Anaklia and the surrounding area face health and environmental risks due to the Georgian Government’s neglect of the site intended for the now-suspended Anaklia Deepwater Sea Port, according to the Anaklia Development Consortium (ADC), the company originally selected by the Government of Georgia to develop the strategic Anaklia Port Project.
As part of its project development efforts, ADC prepared a comprehensive Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) in accordance with policies of the International Financial Institutions (EBRD, ADB, AIIB, OPIC), which included rigorous environmental and social protection steps that satisfied not only all Georgian legal requirements, but also best international standards.
In 2018 ADC carried out considerable site preparation work, including a 110-hectare area where soil was removed and cleared of waste, including old structures. ADC received all necessary permits and authorizations from the Government prior to commencing this work.
Even though it was becoming apparent in 2019 that the Government was actively trying to prevent the Anaklia Project from proceeding, ADC persevered in making every effort to continue project construction while protecting the environment from dust emissions. In fact, ADC had prepared for Government approval a thorough plan for managing this issue, with the cost to be carried by ADC.
The Government unlawfully seized possession of the site in February 2020 following its wrongful termination of the investment agreement with ADC. Because of this expropriation, ADC was prohibited from further access to the site and thus was never able to carry out the plan it had designed. Sole responsibility for managing the property transferred to the Government.
However, left barren, the site is now generating considerable volumes of dust, causing damage to the environment as well as threatening nearby residents with potentially serious respiratory health problems. Even though the Government understood the steps it should take to manage these environmental and health risks, it took no action, leading to the situation which exists today.
“The Government of Georgia has been acting recklessly and irresponsibly by unlawfully terminating the investment agreement and ignoring the very real health and environmental problems it created when it failed to follow the plans that ADC had proposed for managing this site or taking any other remediation actions,” according to a statement from ADC. “The Government is putting peoples’ health at risk and harming the environment by allowing this site to deteriorate. ADC calls upon the Government to act immediately in the interest of the people of the region. By neglecting to manage this property and failing to assume responsibility for the health and environmental harm it is creating, it would appear the Government has no interest in any future development of a modern port at Anaklia, belying the many promises it has made. The Government is walking away from its responsibilities.”
Further details of the Anaklia Port project and ADC can be found at http://anakliadevelopment.com
Implementation of Anaklia Port project will be launched, - an investment agreement between the Government of Georgia and "Anaklia Development Consortium" will be approved today at the Government meeting, following which the document will be signed.
The Prime Minister of Georgia indicated that the working process will start within this year, meaning that in three years the first component will be finalized and the port will become functional.
According to Giorgi Kvirikashvili, the first component of the project envisages twofold increase of the container carrying capacity of the country.
"The project encompasses many phases, however, importantly, the port will start functioning in three years providing workplaces to thousands of people both directly and indirectly. The investor is bound to create training-center to increase qualification of the local residents to further employ them at the port and this is very important. The private investor intends to create the whole infrastructure, including ambulatory service, kindergarten, business centre and playgrounds. We consider that the project representing an important part of spatial planning, will completely change the transit potential and economic landscape of Georgia. We have high hopes for this project. Only the first phase of implementation of the project envisages investment in an amount of 586 million USD and we can definitely say that the project is being launched," - the Prime Minister noted.
Giorgi Kvirikashvili indicated that the issue was being agreed for the last 2 years and in this process, Ministry of Economy performed some profound work. All agencies participated in the work of Inter-Agency Commission.
Powerchina is a member of “Anaklia Port and Industrial Eco Park” consortium and a strategic partner of Georgian company “Anaklia Industrial Eco Park & Port”. “PowerChina” will invest in equity of Anaklia Port project and will also attract loan of 70% of total project value from .
As a mega scale state-owned corporation of China, Powerchina provides comprehensive and full-range of services, such as planning, investigation, engineering, consulting, civil works construction, hydropower, new energy, infrastructure etc.
Company`s business also includes real estate, investment and finance. By June, 2015, Powerchina had total assets of $70.4 billion USD. It employes 200 thousand people.
During the interview in September 11, 2015, Vice President of Overseas Business unit of Powerchina, Mr. Du Chunguo said: “Georgia is a very important country to China. Powerchina attaches great importance to Georgian market. Georgia has provided a very good environment for foreign companies, including the policies. There is also good environment for investment. So Powerchina is willing to put equity investment in Anaklia Port and also we are confident to cooperate with our local partner “Anaklia IEP” to do a good job in Anaklia project to serve the economic and social development of Georgia.
We are confident in this bidding, because firstly, Powerchina has rich experience in overseas market. We have executed four road projects in Georgia. We have hundreds of people ready at the site of port. They are ready to build the port. Secondly, we have very good partner – Anaklia IEP. Mr. Karchava has put great effort into this project and I think that with the combination of these two companies we are confident that we can win the project.
In the nearest future, the Government of Georgia will reveal which company is going to construct the Anaklia PortThursday, 19 November 2015 12:30
In the nearest future, the Government of Georgia will reveal which company is going to construct the Anaklia Port. Our journalist addressed Mr. Teimuraz Karchava, the leader of “Anaklia Port and Eco Park” consortium, with several questions.
Mr. Teimuraz Karchava, Leader of “Anaklia Port and Eco Park” Consortium
Question: What do you think your advantages are in Anaklia Port bidding process in comparison with your competitor?
Answer: With a full consideration of strategic and political aspects of the Anaklia New Deep Water Black Sea Port, our consortium has selected and developed a very balanced scheme for the financing, construction and operation of the Anaklia Port project.
The design and concept of the port, which is not threatening Anaklia population with expatriation and which has been under preparation and elaboration for 15 years, was jointly developed by a Chinese Company “CCCC Second Harbor Consultants” and a Georgian Company “Mshenproekti”.
According to the concept of our consortium, the port should occupy just 0.8 km of the coastline, while from what we know, according to the design of the other consortium, the port is located on a 3 km line across the coastline and threatens to expatriate up to 200 families. The design concept of our competitor only allows 30 million tons of cargo turnover annually, while ours exceeds 100 million tons, fully complying with the bidding requirements.
Our consortium undertakes the responsibility to conduct the feasibility studies as soon as the investment agreement is signed between our consortium and the Government of Georgia.
Our consortium undertakes the responsibility to start the construction of the first phase of Anaklia Port on July 1st, 2016.
Besides, a big part of the land, that falls into the port territory (roughly 2100 hectares), belongs to “Anaklia Eco Park & Port” Ltd, and 100% of its shares belong to me, Teimuraz Karchava. The above-mentioned land was unlawfully confiscated from me by the former government on June 4th, 2012. It is currently under an ongoing litigation and is subject to a legitimate return.
The above-mentioned circumstances give our consortium the clear advantage with respect to the investment agreement signature.
Question: Please briefly tell us about the financing sources of the Anaklia port project.
Answer: Our company’s partner is the biggest Chinese state-owned energy company “Powerchina”, which is going to invest 15% of equity. The remaining 85% of equity, which is currently owned by my company, “Anaklia Eco Park & Port” Ltd, will be shared among the partners of our consortium that include Georgian, Chinese, American, Turkish, Swiss and other companies. Besides, our consortium will also attract a 70% loan of total project value from Chinese banks and financial institutions, with the full support of “Powerchina”.
It is also crucial that “Anaklia Eco Park and Port” Ltd, “Powerchina” and our other partners do not require any state financial guarantees from Georgian Government within the scope of this project.