EU renews sanctions against Russia for another six months
The Council of the European Union today decided to prolong by six months, until 31 January 2023, the restrictive measures targeting specific sectors of the economy of the Russian Federation.
These sanctions, first introduced in 2014 in response to Russia’s actions destabilising the situation in Ukraine, have been significantly expanded since February 2022, in light of Russia’s unprovoked and unjustified military aggression against Ukraine. They currently consist of a broad spectrum of sectoral measures, including restrictions on finance, energy, technology and dual-use goods, industry, transport and luxury goods.
In addition to the economic sanctions on the Russian Federation, the EU has in place different types of measures in response to Russia’s destabilising actions against Ukraine. These include: restrictions on economic relations with the illegally annexed Crimea and the city of Sevastopol as well as the non-government controlled areas of the Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts; individual restrictive measures (asset freezes and travel restrictions) on a broad range of individuals and entities, and diplomatic measures.
Since 24 February, the EU has adopted a number of unprecedented and hard-hitting packages of sanctions in response to Russia’s full-scale invasion of Ukraine.
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EU condemns Lukashenko visit to Georgian breakaway region of Abkhazia
The EU has strongly condemned the visit of Alexander Lukashenko to the Georgian breakaway region of Abkhazia.
On 28 September, Belarusian dictator Alexander Lukashenko visited Abkhazia, which illegally declared its independence from Georgia in 2008 with Russia’s support.
“Apart from the fact that Lukashenko lacks any legitimacy to act as a head of state, this visit was undertaken without the consent of the government of Georgia, which is the only legitimate authority over the region of Abkhazia,” said European External Action Service Spokesperson Peter Stano. “This visit violates Georgia’s sovereignty and territorial integrity and constitutes a blatant violation of international law.”
The EU also reaffirmed its steadfast support for Georgia’s territorial integrity and sovereignty within its internationally recognised borders.
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Statement of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Georgia regarding the so-called referenda held by the Russian Federation at the territory of UkraineThe Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Georgia strongly condemns so-called referenda held by the Russian Federation at the territory of Ukraine and illegal annexation of these territories which is a clear act to forcefully change the internationally recognized borders of Ukraine.Through this yet another illegal action of the Russian Federation, the fundamental principles of international law, protecting the territorial integrity and sovereignty of all states, have once again been grossly violated.
Georgia, who has already been through the experience to forcefully change the internationally recognized borders, will never recognize the so-called illegal referenda conducted in Ukrainian regions and reaffirms its firm and unwavering support for the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine within its internationally recognized borders.
Committee of Ministers again exhorts Russia to pay damages to Georgia following ECHR judgment on collective expulsions
Strasbourg, 23.09.2022 – The Council of Europe’s Committee of Ministers has deeply deplored the lack of response of the Russian authorities to the Committee’s earlier appeals to implement the Georgia v. Russia (I) judgment from the European Court of Human Rights concerning the arrest, detention and collective expulsion of Georgian nationals in 2006-2007. It again exhorted the Russian authorities to pay the “just satisfaction” awarded to the Georgian government.
In an Interim Resolution (*) published today, the Committee of Ministers recalled that, despite ceasing to be a member of the Council of Europe on 16 March 2022, the Russian Federation is still required to implement judgments of the European Court, and the Committee of Ministers continues to supervise their execution. The Committee deeply deplored that no information was provided by the Russian authorities ahead of the meeting.
In its 2019 judgment on just satisfaction, the European Court of Human Rights determined that Russia was to pay the Georgian government, within three months, 10 million euros in respect of non-pecuniary damage suffered by a group of at least 1,500 Georgian nationals. The European Court also ruled that the Georgian government was to set up an effective mechanism for the distribution of the money to the individual victims.
At its latest regular meeting to supervise the implementation of judgments, the Committee of Ministers again reiterated its profound concern that the payment has not been made, more than three years after the deadline expired.
The Committee firmly reiterated that the payment of just satisfaction awarded by the Court is an unconditional obligation. “Delay in fulfilling this obligation deprives the individual victims of the violations from receiving compensation for the damages suffered by them,” the Committee stressed.
It again exhorted the Russian authorities to pay the just satisfaction, together with the default interest accrued, without any further delay.
The Committee once again invited the authorities of the Council of Europe member states to explore all possible means to ensure the execution of this case and instructed the Secretariat to come up with proposals for a strategy for supervising the execution of pending cases against the Russian Federation. The Committee will resume consideration of this case at their next meeting on execution of ECHR judgments in December 2022.
The Committee of Ministers has also adopted a decision on the execution of the judgment in the case Georgia v. Russia (II) which has become final in October 2021 and concerned various violations in the context of the armed conflict between Georgia and the Russian Federation in August 2008.
TELEPHONE CONVERSATION BETWEEN THE PRESIDENT OF TURKMENISTAN AND THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION
On September 22, 2022, a telephone conversation took place between the President of Turkmenistan Serdar Berdimuhamedov and the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin.
The head of the friendly country warmly and cordially congratulated President Serdar Berdimuhamedov on his birthday, wishing him good health, well-being and further success in his many-sided state activities. As noted, the Russian Federation highly appreciates the efforts of the President of Turkmenistan aimed at strengthening the traditional cooperation between the two states.
Expressing gratitude for the congratulations and good wishes, as well as for the constant attention to the development of good neighborly relations between Turkmenistan and the Russian Federation, the head of state noted with satisfaction that the traditionally friendly relations of our countries, based on the principles of strategic partnership, trust and mutual understanding, are successfully developing today on the widest range of areas.
In this context, the Turkmen leader noted the productivity of the recent meeting with the President of Russia on the sidelines of the Samarkand Summit of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, which made it possible to discuss topical issues of interaction and exchange views on the prospects for further partnership.
During the conversation, it was emphasized that Turkmenistan pays special attention to strengthening a constructive dialogue with the Russian Federation as one of the priority vectors of its foreign policy. The productivity of bilateral contacts at the highest state and government levels, as well as the ever-expanding ties with Russian regions, was noted.
The heads of state were unanimous in their opinion that the expansion of trade and economic ties occupies a special place on the agenda of the multifaceted Turkmen-Russian partnership, which is greatly facilitated by the effective work of the joint Intergovernmental Commission.
Confirming their readiness for further comprehensive multifaceted cooperation, the parties expressed confidence in its successful development for the benefit of the peoples of the two friendly countries.
At the end of the telephone conversation, Presidents Serdar Berdimuhamedov and Vladimir Putin exchanged best wishes for each other and the peoples of Turkmenistan and the Russian Federation.