Xi calls for bolstering confidence, jointly addressing global challenges at UNGA

Published in CHINA
Wednesday, 22 September 2021 11:56

Chinese President Xi Jinping addresses the general debate of the 76th session of the United Nations General Assembly via video, in Beijing, capital of China, Sept. 21, 2021. (Xinhua/Huang Jingwen)

BEIJING, Sept. 21 (Xinhua) -- Chinese President Xi Jinping on Tuesday proposed a Global Development Initiative, calling for bolstering confidence and jointly addressing global threats and challenges to build a better world for all.

Xi made the remarks at the general debate of the 76th session of the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) via video, as the world faces the combined impacts of changes unseen in a century and the COVID-19 pandemic.

BEATING COVID-19

Right now, COVID-19 is still raging in the world, with the number of new cases rising every day globally. "We must beat COVID-19 and win this decisive fight crucial to the future of humanity," Xi said, voicing confidence that "we humanity will surely overcome it and prevail" despite the fact that the COVID-19 pandemic may appear overwhelming.

He called for putting people and their lives first, taking a science-based approach in origins tracing, enhancing coordinated global COVID-19 response and minimizing the risk of cross-border virus transmission.

Noting that vaccination is a powerful weapon against COVID-19, Xi said the pressing priority is to ensure the fair and equitable distribution of vaccines globally.

He reiterated the pledge that China will strive to provide a total of two billion doses of vaccines to the world by the end of this year. "In addition to donating 100 million US dollars to COVAX, China will donate 100 million doses of vaccines to other developing countries in the course of this year."

The role of China is even more critical at a time when some countries have adopted a selfish strategy of vaccine nationalism and even put restrictions on export of COVID-19 vaccines and other medical supplies, said Nadeem Irfan Bukhari, a professor from University of the Punjab, Pakistan.

GLOBAL DEVELOPMENT INITIATIVE

"Development holds the key to people's well-being," Xi said, adding that countries need to work together to steer global development toward a new stage of balanced, coordinated and inclusive growth.

He made a six-pronged Global Development Initiative, including staying committed to development as a priority, staying committed to a people-centered approach, staying committed to benefits for all, staying committed to innovation-driven development, staying committed to harmony between man and nature and staying committed to results-oriented actions.

"We need to increase input in development, advance on a priority basis cooperation on poverty alleviation, food security, COVID-19 response and vaccines, development financing, climate change and green development, industrialization, digital economy and connectivity, among other areas, and accelerate implementation of the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, so as to build a global community of development with a shared future," he said.

To support developing countries in responding to COVID-19 and promoting economic and social recovery, China has pledged an additional three billion US dollars of international assistance in the next three years.

China will not build new coal-fired power projects abroad, he said, pledging that the country will step up support for other developing countries in developing green and low-carbon energy.

"This is another remarkable step taken by China on its own initiative to cope with the global climate change, as Xi earlier announced China's pledge to strive to peak carbon dioxide emissions before 2030 and achieve carbon neutrality before 2060," said Ruan Zongze, executive vice president of the China Institute of International Studies.

REJECTING FORMING SMALL CIRCLES

"We need to advocate peace, development, equity, justice, democracy and freedom, which are the common values of humanity, and reject the practice of forming small circles or zero-sum games," Xi said.

Democracy is not a special right reserved to an individual country, but a right for the people of all countries to enjoy, the Chinese president stressed.

Ruan said that some countries are keen to gang up in the name of democracy, wantonly interfering in other countries' internal affairs and even arbitrarily suppressing normal development of other countries and people's legitimate right to live better lives.

"Recent developments in the global situation show once again that military intervention from the outside and so-called democratic transformation entail nothing but harm," Xi said.

He called for building a new type of international relations based on mutual respect, equity, justice and win-win cooperation, and doing the best to "expand the convergence of interests" and "achieve the biggest synergy possible."

"One country's success does not have to mean another country's failure, and the world is big enough to accommodate common development and progress of all countries,” he said, adding that differences and problems among countries need to be handled through dialogue and cooperation on the basis of equality and mutual respect.

PRACTICING TRUE MULTILATERALISM

This year marks the 50th anniversary of the restoration of the lawful seat of the People's Republic of China in the United Nations. Xi said China will solemnly commemorate this historic event and advance cooperation with the UN to a new level and make new and greater contributions to promoting the noble cause of the UN.

"The UN should hold high the banner of true multilateralism and serve as the central platform for countries to jointly safeguard universal security, share development achievements and chart the course for the future of the world," Xi stressed.

Ruan said that some countries claimed to safeguard "the rules-based international order" under the banner of multilateralism, yet what they actually did was framing their own rules as international rules and imposing them on other countries.

The Chinese president called on the UN to increase the representation and say of developing countries in international affairs, and take the lead in advancing democracy and rule of law in international relations.

"It should set common agenda (in the areas of security, development and human rights), highlight pressing issues and focus on real actions, and see to it that commitments made by all parties to multilateralism are truly delivered," he added. 

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    POLICY GUIDANCE FOR STABLE GROWTH

    China's National Bureau of Statistics showed Friday that the country's GDP has secured positive growth in the second quarter and expanded 2.5 percent in the first half of the year.

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    "When you have the basic fundamentals put in place, it is easy to absorb shocks, especially unforeseen ones," he said.

     

    ADDING CERTAINTY TO GLOBAL RECOVERY

    For decades, China has maintained a major driving force of global economic growth. Since the onset of the pandemic, it has been stepping up efforts in stimulating domestic consumption, stabilizing industrial and supply chains and introducing more measures for wider opening-up. Its role in an integrated global economy has grown even more significant.

    Trade has long been a key force to energize the global economy, and to electrify greater common development worldwide. China, a staunch champion of global trade and an open world economy, has maintained its position as the world's largest trading nation in goods for many years. In the first half of this year, China's trade with its top three trading partners -- the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, the European Union and the United States -- expanded by 10.6 percent, 7.5 percent and 11.7 percent respectively on an annual basis.

    To help stabilize global supply chains rocked by the pandemic, many cities in China have offered more transportation services, and launched new direct air and sea routes to facilitate cross-border flow of people and goods, giving a strong boost to international trade and global recovery.

    Take the recently launched container shipping line from Dongguan, a manufacturing hub in China's Guangdong province, to Britain's metropolitan Liverpool. The whole journey only takes 28 days, and is at the moment the fastest shipping line from south China to Europe.

    China-Europe freight trains, launched in 2011, have also been playing a notable role in bolstering global trade, especially after the outbreak of the pandemic. On July 11, a freight train loaded with electronic products, mechanical parts and daily necessities arrived in Duisburg. It marked the 10,000th trip made by the trans-continental trade service operated by the China-Europe Railway Express (Chongqing).

    While the freight trains have opened a door for Chinese firms to tap business opportunities in Europe, they have also brought real benefits for local economies. Duisport CEO Markus Bangen told Xinhua that the cooperation between Germany and China is mutually beneficial and he looks forward to widened bilateral cooperation.

    "The stronger China's economic development is, the more countries that have trade and economic cooperation with China will benefit," said Anna Malindog-Uy, a researcher of Philippine-BRICS Strategic Studies, a think tank.

    Agustin Carstens, general manager of the Bank for International Settlements, said in a recent interview with Xinhua that the world economy under severe shocks needs China.

    China has been an engine of global growth for quite some decades, he said. "I think it's important for that to be preserved."

     

    CONSOLIDATING GLOBAL CONFIDENCE

    China attracted an increasing number of international investors in the past decades with a super-sized domestic market, a complete industrial chain, a favorable business environment, strong policy support for the real economy, as well as continuous efforts to opening-up.

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