Turkmenistan makes new initiatives for prevention of infectious diseases
On the first day after completion of annual leave, President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov had a video conference session of General Director of the World Health Organization Tedros Ghebreyesus.
Taking into account complicated situation in the world caused by COVID-19 pandemic, special attention has been focused on the subject of joint combat against the spread of severe infectious diseases and possible ways of mitigation of harm caused by such diseases.
always notes the key role of WHO in coordination of efforts of the world community in combating against coronavirus infection and development of consolidated and coordinated response to global threats.
Turkmen leader always highlights that efficiency of international cooperation in this direction can be achieved only by strict compliance of scientifically based recommendation of this competent UN structure by all states.
Opening the session, General Director of the World Health Organization Tedros Ghebreyesus has warmly greeted President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov and expressed gratitude to Turkmen leader for his personal support to successful development of fruitful bilateral cooperation, which is built of mutual respect and trust.
The Head of WHO has also expressed gratitude to Turkmen leader for initiative approach to solution of modern global problems, in particular for big contribution of joint efforts in combating of the spread of coronavirus infection in the world.
Further, the floor was given to the Head of Turkmenistan.
Greeting the Head of WHO, Turkmen leader expressed gratitude for the initiative of organization of this session. President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov highlighted that this is a good opportunity for exchange of views on cooperation as well as for discussion of important issues in health protection sphere.
Throughout 28 years of its membership in the World Health Organization, Turkmenistan has accomplished big work for improvement of national system of health protection, brining of it in compliance with fundamental international documents, which specify the principles of development of this sphere and application of universal medical standards in treatment and prevention of various diseases.
In this result, the State Health Programme has been adopted in the country 25 years ago. Entirely new sample of health protection system, which is aimed at common access of the population to medical services, has been made based on the Programme, the President noted.
“In my letter to you dated by April 14 this year, I have informed in detail about the heights and success achieved by Turkmenistan in this direction, about established fruitful international cooperation”, - President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov said.
Documents proving high level achieved by our state in combating of infectious and non-infectious diseases and their prevention, which were recognized by the world community, were result of this work.
Speaking of the subject of current discussion, the Head of Turkmenistan noted that humankind has faced new threat these days – the coronavirus pandemic. Today, relying on our experience gained for 25 years, we have taken integrated measures in combating of the spread of COVID-19.
Taking measures in this sphere in full compliance with work carried out by the world community, Turkmenistan has proposed number of important initiatives aimed at consolidation of international efforts in combating against coronavirus.
The Head of the State noted that in particular, it was proposed to make all necessary conditions for activation of cooperation in scientific diplomacy for regular exchange of opinions between scientists, doctors, experts and specialists of other profile spheres of science.
It was highlighted that establishment of multilateral relations aimed at detailed study of the origin of coronavirus infection, symptoms of disease caused by this infection as well as methods of prevention and treatment is the main objective of this initiative.
“We are ready to work together in this direction with the World Health Organization and other interested parties”, - President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov said, having continued that we respect the messages and appeals of the United Nations Secretary General made in the last months as well as with initiatives of the WHO Director.
It was mentioned that big work has been carried in this direction in May – July this year. Thus, Turkmenistan Infectious Disease Readiness and Response Plan has been approved on government level on May 22.
The Plan defines specific measures for further improvement of equipment and facility base, which is required for diagnostic of infectious diseases, their prevention and treatment.
Opening of new quarantine centres, re-orientation of certain medical facilities to the treatment of people with similar symptoms of severe infectious disease are among the examples. Necessary medicine and medical equipment are procured according to the above-mentioned Plan, the Head of the State said.
At present, total health check of the population is carried out in the country and actual measures are taken for strengthening of immune system of people. Turkmenistan has supported proposal of the WHO for establishment of the COVID-19 technology access pool (C-TAP) platform.
Turkmen leader has highlighted that this platform is considered as an opportunity of visual demonstration of the origin of COVID-19 infection, publication of all results of clinical studies, fair distribution and accessibility of scientific works.
President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov said that examples of Turkmenistan’s participation in realization of international initiatives related to the activities carried out by all countries in combating against the pandemic has been brought above and highlighted that our country would continue taking an active part in this work in future.
Joint activity carried out by countries and international organizations give positive results. At the same time, numerous aspects related to COVID-19 virus remain unclear. The President said that Turkmenistan would like to make its proposals based on these aspects.
First, the origin of new viruses, on which scientists of many countries of the world work these days, remains unsolved issue until today. At present time, there are fundamental scientific works revealing the origin of coronavirus in general, which helps to define correct treatment methods of widespread diseases.
Studies of possible ways of spreading of this dangerous virus are continued. Numerous specialists agree that airborne transmission is one of ways. It also has been proven by researches of Turkmen scientists, doctors, ecologists and representatives of other scientific spheres.
The mutation of new coronavirus, appearance of new strains remain an important issue. In this regard, President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov noted the relevance of systematic scientific works for obtaining of information comprehensively revealing complicated etiology of the virus and its ability to change rapidly.
According to our opinion, it is necessary to develop special programme of the World Health Organization for study of the genome of coronavirus for efficient conduct of these works, the Head of the State highlighted.
Second, appearance of new diseases caused by COVID-19 is a complex issue. The Head of the State continued that at present time, we are aware of its main symptoms and determined the level of severity of respiratory tract diseases. However, there is no single opinion on true origin of appearance of diseases caused by new virus.
This is indicated by pneumonia of unknown etymology, which is rapidly spread in our region. There is an opinion that the disease is caused by new coronavirus. However, at the same time, the symptoms typical for pneumonia is diagnosed during laboratory analysis and detailed study of data received in the result of use of modern medical technologies including computer tomography.
I am confident in the necessity of consolidation of efforts of the state in near future for correct diagnosis of this disease under the patronage of the World Health Organization, President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov highlighted, having offered the WHO European Regional Bureau to consider the opportunity of development of regional method of treatment of pneumonia.
Third, improvement of treatment and preventive methods of new infectious diseases is a subject of a great concern. Undoubtedly, efficient fulfilment of this work is directly related to results of solution of the above-mentioned objectives for study of the etiology of new microorganisms and diagnosis of diseases that they cause.
We are looking forward for support of the World Health Organization in further improvement of treatment methods of relative diseases, the Head of Turkmenistan said, having noted that it is appropriate to review the subject of establishment of methodological severe infectious disease preventive and treatment centre in the structure of WHO.
The President highlighted that he thinks it is necessary to consolidate joint efforts for solution of the above-mentioned and other issues related to provision of actual medical aid to people, their efficient treatment and saving of people’s lives.
Fulfilment of outlined objectives is our duty and joint responsibility, the Head of Turkmenistan said, having again said that we are looking forward for support of the WHO in this noble affair.
Having expressed gratitude to President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov for substantial speech and proposals, General Director of the World Health Organization Tedros Ghebreyesus. Highly appreciated the strategy of improvement of national health protection system developed by Turkmen leader and desire to active cooperation with all interested partners.
The Director of WHO noted that big integrated work carried out in the country for improvement of health of the population including development of interrelated spheres like health protection and sports is a bright evidence of socially oriented government policy pursued under the leadership of President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov.
Tedros Ghebreyesus has also said that experts have inspected preventive measures on site during recent mission of WHO to our country and gave positive feedback of the results of large-scale work carried out in the country.
During the session, the WHO General Director has noted importance of initiatives, which are significant for entire humankind, proposed by the President of Turkmenistan. In this context, the willingness of the World Health Organization to study in details all proposals of Turkmenistan leader and to carry out joint activity has been expressed.
In the end of the session, the Head of Turkmenistan and Head of the World Health Organization expressed the willingness for expansion of cooperation and consolidation of efforts in combating on new threats and challenges for public health protection.
After the session, President of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov called Deputy Chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers, Foreign Minister R. Meredov and Minister of Health Protection and Medical Industry N. Amannepesov. During the session, the utmost objectives proposed during online session with the Head of the WHO have been reviewed and their practical implementation has been discussed.
It was mentioned that fulfilment of the plans requires responsible and scientifically based approach. The reports on current work and measures for solution of set objectives have been also presented.
Having highlighted the currency of issues reviewed at the session with the Head of the World Health Organization, the Head of Turkmenistan said that it is important to give efficient character to established relations with international structures and implement practical measures for successful fulfilment of given objectives
In this regard, specific assignments have been given. The necessity to put all efforts for improvement o efficiency of taken measures taking into account time requirements has been noted.
Having stated with delight that all initiatives made by Turkmenistan during the session with the Head of the WHO were fully supported, the Head of the State ordered to arrange coordinated work with relative structures.
In particular, the President of the country requested to activate cooperation in scientific diplomacy, to make necessary conditions for systematic exchange of information between medical scientists, experts and specialists of other spheres.
Highlighting importance of taken practical measures, President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov ordered to adhere to recommendations of competent international structures and continue active cooperation with WHO.
The state news agency of Turkmenistan