The Secretary General of the Council of Europe, has issued a toolkit for governments across Europe on respecting human rights, democracy and the rule of law during the COVID-19 crisis
The Secretary General of the Council of Europe, Marija Pejčinović Burić, has issued a toolkit for governments across Europe on respecting human rights, democracy and the rule of law during the COVID-19 crisis.
The Information Document was sent to all 47 Council of Europe member states yesterday.
The toolkit is designed to help ensure that measures taken by member states during the current crisis remain proportional to the threat posed by the spread of the virus and are limited in time.
The document covers four key areas:
• Derogation from the European Convention on Human Rights in times of emergency
• Respect for the rule of law and democratic principles in times of emergency, including limits on the scope and duration of emergency measures
• Fundamental human rights standards including freedom of expression, privacy and data protection, protection of vulnerable groups from discrimination and the right to education
• Protection from crime and the protection of victims of crime, in particular regarding gender-based violence.
The Information Document also refers to new advice from the Committee of the Parties of the Council of Europe’s MEDICRIME Convention on the counterfeiting of medical products and similar crimes.
Committee of Ministers again exhorts Russia to pay damages to Georgia following ECHR judgment on collective expulsions
Strasbourg, 23.09.2022 – The Council of Europe’s Committee of Ministers has deeply deplored the lack of response of the Russian authorities to the Committee’s earlier appeals to implement the Georgia v. Russia (I) judgment from the European Court of Human Rights concerning the arrest, detention and collective expulsion of Georgian nationals in 2006-2007. It again exhorted the Russian authorities to pay the “just satisfaction” awarded to the Georgian government.
In an Interim Resolution (*) published today, the Committee of Ministers recalled that, despite ceasing to be a member of the Council of Europe on 16 March 2022, the Russian Federation is still required to implement judgments of the European Court, and the Committee of Ministers continues to supervise their execution. The Committee deeply deplored that no information was provided by the Russian authorities ahead of the meeting.
In its 2019 judgment on just satisfaction, the European Court of Human Rights determined that Russia was to pay the Georgian government, within three months, 10 million euros in respect of non-pecuniary damage suffered by a group of at least 1,500 Georgian nationals. The European Court also ruled that the Georgian government was to set up an effective mechanism for the distribution of the money to the individual victims.
At its latest regular meeting to supervise the implementation of judgments, the Committee of Ministers again reiterated its profound concern that the payment has not been made, more than three years after the deadline expired.
The Committee firmly reiterated that the payment of just satisfaction awarded by the Court is an unconditional obligation. “Delay in fulfilling this obligation deprives the individual victims of the violations from receiving compensation for the damages suffered by them,” the Committee stressed.
It again exhorted the Russian authorities to pay the just satisfaction, together with the default interest accrued, without any further delay.
The Committee once again invited the authorities of the Council of Europe member states to explore all possible means to ensure the execution of this case and instructed the Secretariat to come up with proposals for a strategy for supervising the execution of pending cases against the Russian Federation. The Committee will resume consideration of this case at their next meeting on execution of ECHR judgments in December 2022.
The Committee of Ministers has also adopted a decision on the execution of the judgment in the case Georgia v. Russia (II) which has become final in October 2021 and concerned various violations in the context of the armed conflict between Georgia and the Russian Federation in August 2008.
Ilia Darchiashvili and Marija Pejčinović Burić spoke about Georgia's successful cooperation with the Council of Europe
The Minister of Foreign Affairs of Georgia met with the Secretary General of the Council of Europe within the framework of the 77th session of the UN General Assembly.
Ilia Darchiashvili and Marija Pejčinović Burić spoke about Georgia's successful cooperation with the Council of Europe, emphasizing the Organization’s important contribution to the process of democratic development of Georgia.
Special attention was paid to the Russia-Georgia conflict, the situation in the occupied regions, and in this context, the Council of Europe’s important role in the peaceful resolution of the conflict as well as in restoring confidence between the communities torn apart by the conflict.
The sides emphasized the importance of keeping the occupation of Georgian territories high on the agenda of the Council of Europe and positively assessed the practice of the Secretary General’s annual reports on the difficult humanitarian situation and the security environment in the occupied regions, for which Ilia Darchiashvili thanked the Secretary General. Discussions focused on the security environment in the region, as well as on the ongoing war in Ukraine.
The Secretary General thanked Georgia for its active involvement in the CoE’s actions aimed to support Ukraine.
The sides highlighted the Council of Europe Action Plan for Georgia aimed to support the ongoing reforms in Georgia.
GLOBALink | Record number of China-Europe freight trains pass through Xinjiang in Jan.-Aug.
Record high: In the first eight months of the year, 8,701 China-Europe freight trains passed through Xinjiang's Alataw Pass and Horgos ports, injecting the region with a huge boost to foreign trade growth.
Produced by Xinhua Global Service
Turkmenistan and China increase mutual trade turnover and cargo transportation to Europe
Trade turnover between China and Turkmenistan for the first seven months of this year increased by 53.4%. This figure was cited in a China Daily article citing data from China's General Administration of Customs in a September 12 publication titled "China strengthens ties with Central Asian countries."
Cooperation within the framework of the One Belt, One Road project between China and Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan by the countries of Central Asia has yielded first results. The countries of the region have received new investments, technologies and markets, as well as improved the level of their infrastructure, especially transport and logistics, writes the publication, which refers to experts.
According to analysts, the One Belt, One Road project has contributed to the growth of exports of the Central Asian countries, balanced the growth of their industry and opened up opportunities for their industrial modernization and the development of a green and digital economy.
The Silk Road Economic Belt was first proposed by Chinese President Xi Jinping during a visit to Kazakhstan in 2013, and the five countries of Central Asia were among the first countries to take part in this initiative.
This year marks the 30th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and the five countries, with trade between the two sides rising from $460 million in 1992 to $50 billion last year.
During the PRC-CA virtual summit in January marking the 30th anniversary of diplomatic relations, Xi Jinping outlined a vision for trade between China and the five countries to reach $70 billion by 2030, saying that Beijing was ready to import more high-quality goods from the five countries and step up cooperation in the field of energy and high technologies.
Central Asia is a key gateway on the western China-Europe freight train route. As of July, this transport corridor, which was launched in 2011, has carried over 57,000 train trips and shipped 5.3 million TEUs (twenty-foot equivalent) of goods worth nearly $300 billion. The launch of China-Europe freight trains has reduced the time for transporting goods between Kazakhstan and Europe by five times, according to a report by the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences.
During the January summit, Xi Jinping said China would provide $500 million in aid to Central Asian countries to support development programs and offer 5,000 seats in seminars and workshops to help the region train specialists in areas such as health, agricultural development and Information Technology.
The publication notes that China's booming economic ties with Central Asia have spawned hundreds of freight forwarding companies in Xinjiang.
Secretary General takes part in Second Summit of Crimea Platform
Council of Europe Secretary General Marija Pejčinović Burić will participate in the Second Summit of the Crimea Platform tomorrow 23 August, hosted by President Volodymyr Zelenskyy. The Secretary General will speak about the support provided by the organisation to Ukraine and will specifically address human rights challenges in Crimea, following her first report on the human rights situation in Ukraine, which was presented in June.
The event brings together world leaders of states and governments, and international organisations. It will be transmitted live on the YouTube channel of the Crimea Platform https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCn6JO54X-GZiOVh38Qlk4Ow