President of Turkmenistan: adoption of independence – a life-changing event in the history of people
The second meeting of the highest representative body of Turkmenistan - Halk Maslahaty held in Ashgabat under the chairmanship of President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov focuses on the important tasks for the further economic and social development of the country, including the issues related to strengthening the constitutional foundations of Turkmenistan and improving the democratic principles of public administration.
“Twenty-eight years ago, Turkmenistan declared independence. Having chosen the democratic, legal and secular type of state structure, we have confidently entered щт the sovereign and free path of development”, said the President of Turkmenistan during the meeting.
The President expressed confidence that the date of declaring independence would be forever inscribed in the history of the Turkmen state as a life-changing event that exalts such principles of the country and people as unity and solidarity, peacefulness and inspiration, good neighborliness and friendship.
“Promoting the ideology focused on ensuring the unity and solidarity of our people, we have united the strength, energy, dreams and expectations, creative enthusiasm in the name of achieving the great goals”, the Turkmen leader emphasized.
“A happy and prosperous life reigns on our ancient land. Successfully implementing national programmes, we have achieved that Turkmenistan was recognized as a country with developed economy based on democratic standards both on the regional and international level.
“Fulfilling the international obligations of our country, the status of permanent positive neutrality of which was recognized at the level of the United Nations twice, we have established and developed friendly relations with various states and countries of the world, as well as authoritative international organizations”, emphasized President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov.
Underlining that the country has gained very valuable experience in creating new effective ways and methods of international cooperation, the President of Turkmenistan said that Turkmenistan currently chaired the Commonwealth of Independent States and the International Fund for Saving the Aral Sea, was a member of a number of international commissions of the United Nations, actively participated in the implementation of various UN programmes.
“The Turkmen state, carrying out multifaceted cooperation with the countries of the world community, significantly contributed to the establishment of a modern international system of global partnership to ensure security on the planet”, the President emphasized.
Telephone conversation between President of Turkmenistan and President of Afghanistan
President of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov and President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Mohammad Ashraf Ghani had a telephone conversation.
Warmly, fraternally welcoming each other, the heads of the two states expressed satisfaction with the opportunity to personally exchange views on the state and prospects of the Turkmen-Afghan dialogue, as well as discuss some aspects of international and regional politics of mutual interest.
The President of Turkmenistan congratulated the head of Afghanistan on the holy holiday of Oraza, wishing him good health and happiness, and peace, prosperity and prosperity to the people of the friendly country.
In turn, President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan congratulated President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov and all Turkmen citizens on the 25th anniversary of neutrality of Turkmenistan celebrated this year, as well as UN declaring the year of 2021 as the International Year of Peace and Trust on Turkmenistan’s initiative.
President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani expressed gratitude to his Turkmen colleague for the ongoing policy of peace and good neighborliness, the efforts made to strengthen cooperation in the region, to ensure favorable conditions for the development of constructive interstate partnership.
President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov emphasized that the foreign policy of Turkmenistan prioritized multifaceted relations with the states of the world, and, first of all, with its closest neighbors.
During the conversation, the leaders of the two states expressed mutual interest in intensifying political, diplomatic, trade, economic, cultural and humanitarian ties between the countries.
Presidents Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov and Mohammad Ashraf Ghani identified fuel and energy, transport and communications sectors as priority areas for partnership.
First of all, the construction of the transnational gas pipeline Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI), which will provide long-term supplies of Turkmen natural gas to the largest countries in Southeast Asia.
Another significant project is the laying of a new interstate energy highway - a high-voltage power line and fiber-optic communication along the route Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan.
According to the parties, the favorable geographical position of the two countries is of great importance for the implementation of strategically significant infrastructure projects for the formation of new transit and transport corridors, including along the route Afghanistan-Turkmenistan-Azerbaijan-Georgia-Turkey, which will directly contribute to the expansion of trade and economic ties and an increase in the volume of trade between the countries of Central and South Asia and the states of Europe.
During the telephone conversation, the head of Turkmenistan supported the proposal of the Afghan leader to hold a trilateral online meeting between the Presidents of Turkmenistan, Afghanistan and Azerbaijan, the agenda of which will include the issues of increasing the efficiency of the transport corridor Lyapis-Lazuli.
Given the geoeconomic and geopolitical importance, special attention will also be paid to the further development of international transport corridors.
Expressing solidarity with the fraternal Afghan people to maintain peace, President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov emphasized that Turkmenistan would continue providing all possible support and humanitarian assistance to Afghanistan.
Discussing the issues on the international agenda, the heads of two states underlined the necessity to develop a coordinated approach to address the challenges of our time, one of which is the COVID-19 coronavirus pandemic, which had a negative impact on international economic relations and the life of many states and peoples.
In this regard, the Turkmen leader noted that our country had put forward the idea of widespread use of the mechanisms of scientific diplomacy in the fight against such challenges as the spread of coronavirus on a global scale.
The President of Turkmenistan emphasized that the mechanisms of scientific diplomacy were the most effective vector of cooperation at present, therefore, the initiative put forward by the Turkmen side to create a Council of Medical Scientists could have a positive impact on the overall fight against coronavirus.
President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov underlined once again that Turkmenistan, successfully implementing the measures to combat the dangerous virus, fully supported the efforts of the international community and considered it necessary to intensify international cooperation aimed at developing coordinated actions, emphasizing that only due to the joint efforts positive results could be achieved.
Speaking about the necessity for coordinated sanitary-quarantine measures on the border between the two states, the Turkmen leader expressed the willingness of Turkmenistan to build special terminal facilities in the border railway stations, checkpoints and in some other places on the territory of Afghanistan - similar to those erected in our country - for the disinfection of railway transport and cargo, and also to equip these facilities as a humanitarian aid to the neighbouring state.
Thus, joint measures will allow achieving the high level of sanitary and epidemiological safety, creating conditions for the disinfection of vehicles and goods crossing the border.
Reaffirming the mutual aspiration to intensify the interstate dialogue, the heads of the two neighbouring countries expressed their commitment to long-term partnership.
In conclusion, Presidents Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov and Mohammad Ashraf Ghani once again expressed good wishes to each other and the peoples of the two countries.
The state news agency of Turkmenistan
Azerbaijan celebrates Republic Day: Relying on the roots and confidently looking to the future
Republic Day is a significant date in the life of Azerbaijan. On May 28, 1918, the Declaration of Independence of Azerbaijan was proclaimed in the historical Viceroy’s Palace in that time Tiflis. Thus, the centuries-old tradition of statehood of the Azerbaijani people was revived in a new form of secular democratic republic. Becoming the first republic in the Muslim East, Azerbaijan affirmed the equal rights of all its citizens, regardless of gender, religious, ethnic or social affiliation. In the country, earlier than among many leading European nations, women's suffrage was guaranteed. All ethnic groups were represented in the Parliament of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic (ADR).
Noteworthy is such an important circumstance as – ADR closely coordinated its efforts in the foreign policy arena with the Georgian Democratic Republic. So, in 1919, our countries concluded a defensive pact against the common threat posed by Denikin’s troops. The independence of both states was de facto recognized by the Supreme Council of the Allied Powers under a decision of January 11, 1920. It is truly symbolic that the sketch of the ADR coat of arms, taken as the basis of the current coat of arms of the Republic of Azerbaijan, was proposed by Prince Alexander Shervashidze, who was then in Baku.
Alas, that time global political situation did not allow Azerbaijan to maintain its independence. In April 1920, Baku was occupied by the Red Army. And less than a year later, the Georgian Democratic Republic fell under the blows of the Bolsheviks. All this once again demonstrated that the destinies of our countries are intertwined with history. The successes of one lead to the good of the other. And vice versa, the trouble of one is reflected in the next.
Being a part of the USSR, Azerbaijan also strove to develop friendly contacts with Georgia; outstanding representatives of the intelligentsia of both countries were connected by warm and close relations. Our peoples continued to crave for each other. The crown of this cooperation was the friendship between the leaders of the republics – Heydar Aliyev and Eduard Shevardnadze, whose activities laid the foundations for the restoration of the countries’ independence.
Returning to the leadership in Azerbaijan after the collapse of the Soviet Union and taking the country away from the edge of the abyss in 1993, Heydar Aliyev began to systematically strengthen the foundations of statehood. He became a true architect of the today’s Republic of Azerbaijan, identifying key areas and a strategy for its development. It is no coincidence that the main export pipeline Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan, the construction of which through the territory of Georgia became the triumph of Heydar Aliyev’s oil diplomacy, is inextricably linked with his name.
Relying on the strong foundation of modern effective statehood, the Republic of Azerbaijan, under the leadership of President Ilham Aliyev, has developed successes in all areas: reducing poverty from almost 45% in 2003 to less than 5% by now, developing social infrastructure, technological modernization, stimulating the non-oil sector, ensuring dynamic stability within the country and strengthening its prestige in the international arena. In this connection, it’s enough to recall at least such momentous events as the election of Azerbaijan as a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council from a group of Eastern European states for 2012-2013 and the country's chairmanship in the Non-Aligned Movement, uniting 120 states, which began in 2019.
Azerbaijan is successfully building up cooperation in all significant vectors: from the European Union to the countries of the Asia-Pacific region, from the Organization of Islamic Cooperation to the Council of Europe, from NATO to UNESCO, etc. Of course, the strengthening of strategic partnership with neighboring countries occupies a special place in the system of priorities, and among them Georgia traditionally plays the role of our closest good neighbor, whose brotherhood has passed the test of the long history and the collisions of the present stage.
Our countries, like a hundred years ago, continue to coordinate their activities, invariably provide mutual support to each other's sovereignty and territorial integrity. Like a hundred years ago, we have similar problems, we feel common pain. One fifth of the internationally recognized territory of Azerbaijan is under occupation. A fifth of Georgia’s territory has also been occupied.
The people and the state of Azerbaijan are determined to restore international law and justice, to ensure the violated rights of hundreds of thousands of internally displaced persons who have been subjected to ethnic cleansing in their own country and forcibly expelled from their homes. Strengthening the Azerbaijani state’s power significantly increased the ability to assert its rights and eliminate the consequences of the illegal use of force against it. And everyone can be sure that the success of Azerbaijan in this direction will create conditions for improving the situation in the region as a whole.
Today, celebrating Republic Day, the Azerbaijani people rely on their own strengths and actively use the potential of international cooperation. We are convinced that only by developing a mutually beneficial partnership it’s possible to confidently continue forwarding on the path of progress and prosperity. In its turn, the progress and prosperity of Azerbaijan will always benefit its good neighbors and Georgia, of course, in the first instance.
Press Service of the Embassy
of the Republic of Azerbaijan in Georgia
A briefing on the implementation of Turkmenistan’s international initiatives in the field of healthcare was held in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs
On May 22, 2020, a briefing was held in the building of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkmenistan on the implementation of Turkmenistan’s international health initiatives.
The briefing, which became a regular venue for a comprehensive exchange of views on pressing issues in the field of health, was attended by heads and representatives of the Ministries of Foreign Affairs, Health and the Medical industry, other relevant departments of Turkmenistan, heads of diplomatic missions and representatives of international organizations accredited in the country, local media and journalists of foreign countries, accredited in Turkmenistan.
Heads of diplomatic missions with residences in third countries, as well as representatives of leading foreign media and public organizations participated in the briefing via video conferencing.
Speaking at the event, the head of the country's foreign ministry emphasized that “one of the main purposes of this platform is to promote Turkmenistan’s international health initiatives, which has become a priority topic for recent briefings”. R. Meredov also noted that Turkmenistan, during the 73rd World Health Assembly (WHA), held online, supported the resolution “Response to COVID-19”, adopted at the end of the World Assembly, unanimously endorsing the principles of universal, timely, equal free and fair access to effective medicines and technologies, treatment methods and prevention of dangerous diseases, elimination of unfair barriers to such access. The Minister added that Turkmenistan unconditionally supported the key leadership role of the World Health Organization underlined in the resolution in the preparation and coordination of the global response to the pandemic.
Speaking at the briefing N.Gherman, the Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General, Head of Regional Centre for Preventive Diplomacy for Central Asia, E.Panova, Permanent Coordinator of the UN in Turkmenistan, D.Alonso, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the European Union to Turkmenistan, N.Drozd, the Head of the OSCE Centre in Ashkhabad, P.Karwowska, the Head of the WHO Country Office in Turkmenistan especially underlined those measures taken by the Government of Turkmenistan in the field of public health and the fight against the coronavirus pandemic COVID-19, which were extensively set out in a letter from the President of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov to the WHO Director-General Tedros Gebreyesus, which, as a separate information material was distributed as an official document of the 74th session of the UN General Assembly in all the working languages of this organization.
During the briefing, its participants also familiarized themselves with the Preparedness and Response Plan of Turkmenistan for an Acute Infectious Disease, which was developed jointly with the Office of the UN Resident Coordinator in our country and which is based on two resolutions of the UN General Assembly - the Global Strategic Preparedness Plan and Response (MTEF) and the COVID-19 Global Pandemic Humanitarian Response Plan, which builds on Turkmenistan’s best practices in healthcare. This document was adopted today at the last meeting of the Cabinet of Ministers of Turkmenistan.
During the briefing, it was also announced that Turkmenistan, as a responsible participant in the international community, from the first days of the threat of COVID-19, has established close working contacts with the United Nations, its specialized bodies and agencies, primarily with the World Health Organization, and also with great respect for the experience of other countries that have already created a solid base in the fight against this threat.
The issues of improving the material and technical base, and the active work of Turkmenistan in this direction at the national level to create additional quarantine centers, including specific steps to enhance and strengthen the base of existing quarantine centers, were emphasized.
A separate topic of speeches at the briefing was the development of new forms of international scientific cooperation in the field of medicine, the exchange of achievements of medical science. In this context, the initiative of the President of Turkmenistan on the creation of the Council of Medical Scientists was announced, specific ways of implementation, which were voiced by the delegation of our country during the World Health Assembly and the meeting of Ministers of health of the countries of the Non-Aligned Movement, held online several days ago.
At the end of the briefing participants also exchanged views in the “question-answer” format.
TURKMENISTAN ON THE WAY TO JOINING THE WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION AS AN OBSERVER
On May 15, 2020, a regular meeting of the Cabinet of Ministers of Turkmenistan was held in Ashgabat. During the session, President of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov signed a Resolution “On the entry of Turkmenistan to the World Trade Organization as an observer.”
In accordance with the Document, immediately today, the Turkmen side sent the application letter on the accession to the World Trade Organization as an observer to the Director-General of the WTO. In line with the WTO procedures, the issue of accepting Turkmenistan to the WTO as an observer will be considered during the successive session of the WTO General Council to be held in the near future.
A meeting of the Council of Ministers of Foreign Affairs of the CIS member states was held in the form of a video conference
On May 12, 2020, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Turkmenistan R. Meredov attended a meeting of the Council of Ministers of Foreign Affairs of the member states of the Commonwealth of Independent States, which was held in a video conference format.
The meeting was attended by the Foreign Ministers of the Commonwealth member states, as well as the Chairman of the Executive Committee - CIS Executive Secretary S.N.Lebedev.
During constructive negotiations, the parties discussed a number of important issues relating to the interaction of countries within the Commonwealth in view of the epidemiological situation in the world. An exchange of views took place on key aspects of the regional and world agenda, including ensuring peace and security, countering modern threats and challenges, biological and environmental security, as well as other pressing issues of partnership of mutual interest.
The joint actions of the member states of the Commonwealth of Independent States in countering the pandemic were discussed. In this regard, the need to establish effective mechanisms of interaction was emphasized. Minister R. Meredov noted the advisability of considering the issue of establishing contacts between medical scientists, medical practitioners through scientific diplomacy. He noted that "such an approach to systematic work at a professional level was initiated by the President of Turkmenistan during the recent Summit of the Non-Aligned Movement".
The legal base of interaction was examined in detail, including the coordination of approaches and positions of the CIS countries within the framework of international organizations, mainly the UN, OSCE, EU and SCO. In this context, it was about the importance of building confidence and establishing a culture of dialogue in interstate relations, especially when resolving disputes and contradictions that arise.
The parties also confirmed the importance of expanding cooperation in the field of economics, energy, science and education, as well as in the development and implementation of innovations and advanced technologies in key sectors of the economy.
Upon the outcomes of the session, the signing of a number of documents took place, including “On the Plan of Multilevel Inter-MFA Consultations in the Framework of the Commonwealth of Independent States for 2019 and on the Plan for 2020,” “On the Strategy for the Development of Cooperation of the Member States of the Commonwealth of Independent States in the field of physical culture and sports for 2021–2030” and “On the implementation in 2022 of the Interstate program “Cultural Capitals of the Commonwealth”.