Adoption of the National Strategy of Turkmenistan on Climate Change
The National Strategy of Turkmenistan on Climate Change has been adopted and presently serves as the main national document on the implementation of activities in the area of climate change.
The National Strategy of Turkmenistan on Climate Change reflects the national viewpoint of the issues related to the climate change and acts as a basis for developing and implementing the state policy of Turkmenistan in the area of climate change and its impacts. The worsening of global climate change brought to the adoption of immediate measures. The Government of Turkmenistan designed an action plan based on the Sustainable Development Goals including the Goal 13: Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts, as well as the need for timely implementation of the obligations of the Paris Agreement. The need for revising and renewing the National Strategy of Turkmenistan on Climate Change came about. In this context, in 2018 the Ministry of Agriculture and Environment Protection of Turkmenistan initiated the preparation of the new version of the National Strategy of Turkmenistan on Climate Change, in assistance of the UNDP.
On the international arena, this Strategy serves as the main instrument of Turkmenistan reflecting the standpoint of the country during the negotiations and acts as the fundamental document for the preparation of reports on the implementation of its obligations in the framework of global climate agreements.
The adoption by the United Nations General Assembly of two Resolutions on “The Cooperation between the United Nations and the International Fund of Saving the Aral Sea” in 2018 and 2019 initiated by President of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov has a direct connection to the establishment of full format international mechanism of collaboration in the area of ecology and particularly to the joint work on the prevention of the Aral Sea crisis’ impacts.
In the framework of the chairmanship in the International Fund of Saving the Aral Sea for 2017-2019, Turkmenistan already implements a number of proposals on the intensification of cooperation between the countries of the region with the aim of developing the ecological and social-economic situation in the Aral Sea basin.
This strategy is the recognition of the merits of Turkmenistan in the process of strengthening efficient international collaboration on improving the ecological and social-economic situation in the world.
A briefing on the implementation of Turkmenistan’s international initiatives in the field of healthcare was held in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs
On May 22, 2020, a briefing was held in the building of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkmenistan on the implementation of Turkmenistan’s international health initiatives.
The briefing, which became a regular venue for a comprehensive exchange of views on pressing issues in the field of health, was attended by heads and representatives of the Ministries of Foreign Affairs, Health and the Medical industry, other relevant departments of Turkmenistan, heads of diplomatic missions and representatives of international organizations accredited in the country, local media and journalists of foreign countries, accredited in Turkmenistan.
Heads of diplomatic missions with residences in third countries, as well as representatives of leading foreign media and public organizations participated in the briefing via video conferencing.
Speaking at the event, the head of the country's foreign ministry emphasized that “one of the main purposes of this platform is to promote Turkmenistan’s international health initiatives, which has become a priority topic for recent briefings”. R. Meredov also noted that Turkmenistan, during the 73rd World Health Assembly (WHA), held online, supported the resolution “Response to COVID-19”, adopted at the end of the World Assembly, unanimously endorsing the principles of universal, timely, equal free and fair access to effective medicines and technologies, treatment methods and prevention of dangerous diseases, elimination of unfair barriers to such access. The Minister added that Turkmenistan unconditionally supported the key leadership role of the World Health Organization underlined in the resolution in the preparation and coordination of the global response to the pandemic.
Speaking at the briefing N.Gherman, the Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General, Head of Regional Centre for Preventive Diplomacy for Central Asia, E.Panova, Permanent Coordinator of the UN in Turkmenistan, D.Alonso, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the European Union to Turkmenistan, N.Drozd, the Head of the OSCE Centre in Ashkhabad, P.Karwowska, the Head of the WHO Country Office in Turkmenistan especially underlined those measures taken by the Government of Turkmenistan in the field of public health and the fight against the coronavirus pandemic COVID-19, which were extensively set out in a letter from the President of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov to the WHO Director-General Tedros Gebreyesus, which, as a separate information material was distributed as an official document of the 74th session of the UN General Assembly in all the working languages of this organization.
During the briefing, its participants also familiarized themselves with the Preparedness and Response Plan of Turkmenistan for an Acute Infectious Disease, which was developed jointly with the Office of the UN Resident Coordinator in our country and which is based on two resolutions of the UN General Assembly - the Global Strategic Preparedness Plan and Response (MTEF) and the COVID-19 Global Pandemic Humanitarian Response Plan, which builds on Turkmenistan’s best practices in healthcare. This document was adopted today at the last meeting of the Cabinet of Ministers of Turkmenistan.
During the briefing, it was also announced that Turkmenistan, as a responsible participant in the international community, from the first days of the threat of COVID-19, has established close working contacts with the United Nations, its specialized bodies and agencies, primarily with the World Health Organization, and also with great respect for the experience of other countries that have already created a solid base in the fight against this threat.
The issues of improving the material and technical base, and the active work of Turkmenistan in this direction at the national level to create additional quarantine centers, including specific steps to enhance and strengthen the base of existing quarantine centers, were emphasized.
A separate topic of speeches at the briefing was the development of new forms of international scientific cooperation in the field of medicine, the exchange of achievements of medical science. In this context, the initiative of the President of Turkmenistan on the creation of the Council of Medical Scientists was announced, specific ways of implementation, which were voiced by the delegation of our country during the World Health Assembly and the meeting of Ministers of health of the countries of the Non-Aligned Movement, held online several days ago.
At the end of the briefing participants also exchanged views in the “question-answer” format.
TURKMENISTAN ON THE WAY TO JOINING THE WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION AS AN OBSERVER
On May 15, 2020, a regular meeting of the Cabinet of Ministers of Turkmenistan was held in Ashgabat. During the session, President of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov signed a Resolution “On the entry of Turkmenistan to the World Trade Organization as an observer.”
In accordance with the Document, immediately today, the Turkmen side sent the application letter on the accession to the World Trade Organization as an observer to the Director-General of the WTO. In line with the WTO procedures, the issue of accepting Turkmenistan to the WTO as an observer will be considered during the successive session of the WTO General Council to be held in the near future.
A meeting of the Council of Ministers of Foreign Affairs of the CIS member states was held in the form of a video conference
On May 12, 2020, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Turkmenistan R. Meredov attended a meeting of the Council of Ministers of Foreign Affairs of the member states of the Commonwealth of Independent States, which was held in a video conference format.
The meeting was attended by the Foreign Ministers of the Commonwealth member states, as well as the Chairman of the Executive Committee - CIS Executive Secretary S.N.Lebedev.
During constructive negotiations, the parties discussed a number of important issues relating to the interaction of countries within the Commonwealth in view of the epidemiological situation in the world. An exchange of views took place on key aspects of the regional and world agenda, including ensuring peace and security, countering modern threats and challenges, biological and environmental security, as well as other pressing issues of partnership of mutual interest.
The joint actions of the member states of the Commonwealth of Independent States in countering the pandemic were discussed. In this regard, the need to establish effective mechanisms of interaction was emphasized. Minister R. Meredov noted the advisability of considering the issue of establishing contacts between medical scientists, medical practitioners through scientific diplomacy. He noted that "such an approach to systematic work at a professional level was initiated by the President of Turkmenistan during the recent Summit of the Non-Aligned Movement".
The legal base of interaction was examined in detail, including the coordination of approaches and positions of the CIS countries within the framework of international organizations, mainly the UN, OSCE, EU and SCO. In this context, it was about the importance of building confidence and establishing a culture of dialogue in interstate relations, especially when resolving disputes and contradictions that arise.
The parties also confirmed the importance of expanding cooperation in the field of economics, energy, science and education, as well as in the development and implementation of innovations and advanced technologies in key sectors of the economy.
Upon the outcomes of the session, the signing of a number of documents took place, including “On the Plan of Multilevel Inter-MFA Consultations in the Framework of the Commonwealth of Independent States for 2019 and on the Plan for 2020,” “On the Strategy for the Development of Cooperation of the Member States of the Commonwealth of Independent States in the field of physical culture and sports for 2021–2030” and “On the implementation in 2022 of the Interstate program “Cultural Capitals of the Commonwealth”.
A briefing entitled “International cooperation of Turkmenistan in the healthcare sphere” was held in Ashgabat
On May 8, 2020, a briefing entitled "International cooperation of Turkmenistan in the healthcare sphere" was held in the building of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkmenistan.
The briefing was attended by the heads and representatives of the Ministries of Foreign Affairs, Health and Medical Industry, and other relevant departments of Turkmenistan, leading political scientists of the country, as well as heads of diplomatic missions and representatives of international organizations accredited in the country, local and accredited journalists of foreign media outlets.
Also, the event was attended by video conferencing by leaders and representatives from the health sector of several foreign countries, in particular, the Deputy Minister of Healthcare of the Republic of Belarus, senior representatives of leading foreign medical universities, including Medical University of Azerbaijan, Belarusian State Medical University and Tbilisi State Medical University. Representatives of leading foreign media and public organizations also participated in the briefing through video conferencing. Thus, more than 60 representatives from 20 countries of the world took part in the briefing.
During the speeches, it was noted that under the leadership of President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov, Turkmenistan stands for international cooperation in the name of protecting and maintaining people's health, which is especially relevant in the current period of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Adhering to the recommendations of reputable international organizations, the country has achieved considerable success in promoting its health policy and calls on the international community to work together to overcome the consequences of the pandemic. This applies to humanitarian cooperation, the restoration of trade and economic ties, including ensuring the functioning of transport and transit systems in emergency conditions.
As the meeting participants emphasized, as a result of a clear and well-coordinated policy of Turkmenistan, the country managed to prevent the spread of diseases caused by a new type of coronavirus COVID-19 on its territory.
In their speeches, the Deputy Minister of Healthcare of the Republic of Belarus Ye.Bogdan, as well as the representatives of senior management of foreign universities, in particular, Vice-Rector for International Relations of the Belarusian State Medical University V.Rudenok, Vice-Rector of the Tbilisi State Medical University I. Kokhreidze and the Vice-Rector for International Affairs of the Medical University of Azerbaijan O. Isaev particularly noted that Turkmenistan had promptly responded to outbreak of a pandemic, emphasizes the prevention of infectious and non-communicable diseases. The country's leadership also attaches great importance to promoting a healthy lifestyle.
During the briefing, a constructive exchange of views took place on the establishment of a global mechanism for resolving crisis situations. Participants also agreed that protecting the health of all people lies at the heart of the sustainable development process.
Turkmenistan initiates strategy of joint efforts to overcome global crisis
President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov participated in Online Summit-level meeting of Non-Aligned Movement Contact Group in Response to COVID-19.
Consistently implementing the foreign policy course, based on the principles of positive neutrality, peacefulness and good neighborliness, Turkmenistan calls for the development of wide fruitful cooperation that meets the goals of well-being in the regional and global dimensions.
In order to implement its creative potential for the common good, our country also actively interacts with authoritative international organizations and structures, making a significant contribution to strengthening the constructive partnership in developing balanced solutions to address important tasks of our time.
Speaking at the Online Summit-level meeting, President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov thanked the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan and Chair of the Non-Aligned Movement for convening the meeting.
The President of Turkmenistan expressed belief that the Non-Aligned Movement, which includes 120 states united by the common responsibility for the fate of the planet, cannot stay out its decision. Therefore, the Online Summit-level meeting of Non-Aligned Movement provides an opportunity to exchange views and assessments of a difficult situation, and outline ways to overcome it.
In this context, the President of Turkmenistan focused on some aspects of this problem.
First, it is clear that effective pandemic response demands a coordinated global response.
In this regard, the President of Turkmenistan proposed to develop and adopt a programme document within the framework of the Non-Aligned Movement that includes the basic principles of solidarity of member states in the fight against epidemics, as well as a complex of measures aimed at preventing and eliminating them.
Touching upon the second aspect, President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov stated that the mutual assistance of states - organizational, moral, financial, material played a crucial role. In the provision of such assistance, any forms of its politicization, discrimination, and setting any counter conditions are unacceptable.
Thirdly, close interaction between professionals is of great importance in the fight against a pandemic and its consequences. It is necessary to fully use the mechanisms of scientific diplomacy. It includes a constant exchange of experience, knowledge and information on the methods of treatment and prevention of a disease, medical preparations and equipment, personal protective equipment. In this context, the President of Turkmenistan spoke about the advisability of creating a Council of medical scientists of non-aligned states.
Touching upon the fourth aspect, President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov noted that joint multilateral work should be carried out with the coordinating role of the United Nations and in close cooperation with the World Health Organization, which has accumulated unique experience in combating viral diseases.
Expressing Turkmenistan’s support to WHO work and sincerely thanking its leadership and staff for their dedicated and professional work, the President of Turkmenistan emphasized that our country would continue active cooperation with this important international structure and expressed the willingness to render all possible assistance to it.
According to the President of Turkmenistan, it is crucial to establish effective channels of partnership between the Non-Aligned Movement and WHO, primarily through the medical communities of our countries. Speaking about this, the Turkmen leader suggested the Governments of the member states of the Non-Aligned Movement to develop the forms of such joint activities.
The President of Turkmenistan also emphasized the importance of efficient cooperation with the United Nations and its specialized structures.
Addressing the participants of the Online Summit-level meeting, President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov noted that, along with the urgent measures and tasks, it was important to think about the future.
It is obvious that the agenda of the upcoming session of the UN General Assembly will be substantially adjusted for the pandemic and will be mostly oriented towards the post-crisis period, during which the entire world community will have to work on restoring economy, social sphere and resolving humanitarian issues.
Therefore, today, it is necessary to create platforms for bringing the global economy onto the path of sustainable growth and the key areas should be energy, industry, transport, and trade.
“The global energy market has never encountered such difficulties as the current ones. Under these conditions, the establishment of energy supplies to world markets on fair and transparent principles, equality, recognition and consideration of the interests of states is of particular importance”, said President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov. The most important aspect of achieving this goal is the diversification of energy flows.
The President of Turkmenistan emphasized the significance to rapidly and fully restore transport links between countries and regions, transit corridors, as well as the search for new routes. This work will lead to the creation of a new infrastructure and, as a result, to the solution of many social problems, creation of new jobs.
According to the President of Turkmenistan, our states are called upon to play an important role in this area, contributing to the positive development of geo-economic processes in the world.
“We also have to join efforts to address large-scale humanitarian issues caused by the consequences of the pandemic”, the President of Turkmenistan emphasized. Assistance to migrants, refugees, vulnerable populations, especially in developing countries, should remain a priority on the agenda of the Non-Aligned Movement.
Specifying safeguarding of everlasting peace and security as the main, decisive condition for achieving all the goals set and overcoming the current crisis, the Turkmen leader stated that it was impossible to talk about the successful fight against the pandemic, overcoming its consequences against the background of wars and conflicts. “Therefore, we, the states of the Non-Aligned Movement, must resolutely declare our firm commitment to the peaceful resolution of all international disputes and contradictions”, President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov emphasized.
As is well known, UN General Assembly unanimously adopted a resolution initiated by Turkmenistan, declaring the year 2021 as “The International Year of Peace and Trust” in September last year. In this regard, the Turkmen leader addressed the countries of the Non-Aligned Movement with an appeal to actively contribute to the achievement of the goals set out in the Resolution, to contribute to the peaceful, constructive development of processes on the planet.
In conclusion, the President of Turkmenistan expressed support for the proposed draft Declaration, wishing all the participants of the meeting good health and success, and peace and prosperity to the peoples of the countries of the Non-Aligned Movement.
The President of the Republic of Azerbaijan and Chair of the Non-Aligned Movement expressed gratitude to President of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov for the initiatives put forward to coordinate global efforts to overcome the coronavirus pandemic and ensure constructiveness in developing cooperation.
The state news agency of Turkmenistan