Natia Turnava and Sheikh Mohamed Bin Khalifa Al Khalifa Signed Memorandum of Understanding
A Memorandum of Understanding between the ministry of Economy and Sustainable Development and the RPM W.L.L. was signed by the Minister Natia Turnava and Sheikh Mohamed Bin Khalifa Al Khalifa.
With the Memorandum, the RPM W.L.L confirms its interest to invest indifferent projects in the various fields of Georgian economy, including energy, manufacture, oil and gas proceeding, etc. The company also highlighted it interest to build and operate a crude oil refinery factory.
In accordance with the Memorandum, the Parties agreed on cooperation for achieving the the goals estimated by the Memorandum.
Why Are Cossacks Key to Understanding the Ukrainian Nation?
The Ukrainian Cossack has come to symbolize Ukraine’s ethnic image, much like the medieval knight of Western Europe or the Samurai of Japan. In fact, only a minority of Ukrainians belonged to this famed social group – but their influence on history, culture, and the psychology of the country was deeply profound. If you know the history of the Cossacks, you won’t be surprised to find that Ukrainians, who seem quiet and humble at first sight, can go to protest on Maidan and become courageous warriors.
ZAPORIZHIAN SICH (FORTRESS): THE EMERGENCE OF GLORY
Historical sources tell us that the Ukrainian Cossacks came from a variety of nationalities and social groups. Their ancestors came from Ukrainian, Russian, Polish, and Tatar territories, and migrated at great risk to the southern steppes to hunt, fish, gather honey, and make handicraft goods.
The first references of the Cossacks appear at the end of the 15th century, and their fame spread throughout Europe over the next hundred years. Their raids and robberies intimidated Turkey, and their support of Poland in campaigns against the Muscovites shook the throne of Moscow.
At the beginning of the 16th century, Christian believing European governors considered the Cossacks to be crucial allies in their war against the Ottoman Empire. In 1621, Lithuanian-Polish troops battled the Ottoman Empire at Khotyn. There, Cossack troops, headed by Hetman Petro Sahaidachny, joined Polish-Lithuanian forces and they stopped the Turkish army at its borders.
After that, the Zaporozhian Cossacks began to impose increasingly big social requirements on the Commonwealth. The reaction of the Poles did not satisfy the Cossacks, so they raised a rebellion under the leadership of Hetman Bohdan Khmelnytsky. It ended with the creation of Cossack autonomy.
Ukrainian Cossacks gained their independence in 1649. That year, as a result of the Zboriv agreements between the leaders of the Rzeczpospolita and Cossack hetman Bohdan Khmelnytsky, it was formed as part of the Kyiv, Chernihiv, and Bratslav regions (called "voivodeships", areas administered by a voivode orgovernor) to the east of the Sluch River.
It was the Cossacks who spread and popularized the term "Ukraine", which had not been used in the pre-Cossack era, as the name of their territories.
ZAPOROZHIAN COSSACKS: ORDER AND DEMOCRACY
Historians consider Zaporozhian Cossacks to be the first purely Ukrainian society. As aproto-state nation, it fought for the right to exist, develop, and resist hostile encroachments. The Cossack army created its own, uniquely developed state-administrative structure, which fundamentally different from similar structures of neighboring states. They received foreign ambassadors, concluded international agreements, and so on. However, the titles of the Cossack aristocracy did not have any weight in the eyes of foreign elites.
The laws of the Zaporizhian Sich were rather strict. For theft or killing of one of his congeners, a Cossack could be buried alive with the dead one or beaten to death with batons. This was not particularly humane treatment, but it helped to maintain excellent discipline.
LEGENDS: KHARAKTERNYKS AND SUPERNATURAL FORCES FOR ASSISTANCE
Legends say that there were unusual people called "Kharakternyks"among the Cossacks. People believed that they originated from ancient pagan magicians who possessed secret knowledge and were even able to predict the future. Some historians maintain that after the adoption of Christianity in Kyivan Rus, pagan magicians were persecuted and moved to the wild steppe where the Zaporizhian Sich was established later. There, Kharakternyks taught warriors martial arts, rituals, and customs.
Supposedly, the Kharakternyks could neither be burned in fire nor be drowned in water. They were said to speak twelve languages, turn into wolves and other animals, catch bullets and kernels with their hands, walk on water and even breath under water. Legend has it that they lived for a very long time and were extremely strong – and only silver bullets could kill them.
MODERN COSSACKS: UKRAINIAN GUIDED TOURS
Nowadays, Khortytsia Island , where the Zaporizhian Sich was established, is the largest island on the Dnipro River and is 12.5 kilometers long. It is included in the list of Seven Wonders of Ukraine. The island is integrated into the infrastructure of the city of Zaporizhzhia. You can find a lot of awesome attractions to spend the whole weekend throughout its territory.
Here, the life of Ukrainian Cossacks is recreated to the smallest details. Khortytsia has the unique Museum of the History of Zaporozhian Cossacks. In addition, they created the Historical and Cultural Complex "Zaporizhian Sich". This is a generalized reproduction of the Cossack capital, presenting its main building: the church, the kuren' (house), the office, the military treasury, the school, and the pushkarnia (a place for gunfire).
Tourists in Kyiv can also see a recreation of the everyday lives of Cossacksin the "Mamajeva Sloboda" Open Air Museum in Kyiv. This museum is situated seven kilometers from Khreschatyk – the central street of Kyiv. Its thematic exhibits are spread out on 9.2 hectares and present a full replica of a historical settlement showcasing Ukraine's nature, architecture, and way of life. It provides guided tours in English, German, French, and Italian. One can book a private tour called "Ukraine is a Land of Cossacks" on Tripadvisor from $35.
One can also enjoy a weekend in the Cossack village of Marynivka , which is 30km from Odesa. There one can go on a guided 6-hour tour with a German-speaking guide, where tourists can discover the traditional Ukrainian lifestyle and explore the beautiful landscape that surrounds the area. In addition, one can learn interesting things about Cossack traditions, enjoy authentic cuisine, dress in traditional attire, and sing in a Cossack choir. It costs $60 per person.
Another fascinating tour, which is already opened for booking, is called "In the Footsteps of the Cossacks". This is an iconic journey from Bucharest to Kyiv to Zaporizhzhia along the Dnipro River in Ukraine and the Danube River in Romania aboard the ship "Dnipro Princes". It will start in September 2019 and costs from £1,795 per person for 11 nights.
UKRAINIAN COSSACKS IN EUROPEAN HERITAGE
Cossack history, like the entire history of Ukraine, is a valuable part of Europe's cultural heritage.
The Cossack songs of the Sicheslav (former Dnipropetrovsk) Regionwere included in UNESCO's List of Intangible World Cultural Heritage in Need of Urgent Safeguarding.
There is also a database of all the Spanish newspapers of the 17** th **century which mention Ukraine and the Cossacks as well as various military campaigns that took place on the territory of Ukraine. It was created by Ukrainian researcher Oleksandr Scromnitsky. So far, 135 newspapers containing news from Warsaw, Lviv, Vienna, and Istanbul, have been collected. The database currently contains newspapers until 1698, but the author plans to add those published between 1698-1700.You can visit the database of newspapers here.
UKRAINIAN COSSACKS AS A MODERN SEX SYMBOL
Ukrainian Cossacks are still popular in modern media and online culture as examples of strong, fearless and sexy men. Many Ukrainian men and boys want to look like them: Cossack hairdressing is considered stylish and up-to-date. Adults and children practice Boyovyy (Combat) Hopak – a Cossack martial art, which includes techniques of traditional Ukrainian folk fist fighting, folk wrestling, and Cossack war dances.
Modern Ukrainian soldiers who fight in Donbas often copy the forelocks of Cossacks to look like those fearless medieval warriors. After all, the Russian-Ukrainian war is taking place precisely on those territories where the boundary between the Cossacks lands and the Wild Steppe passed in antiquity.
When one searches for the English word "Cossacks," search engines often return news and articles that are related to Russia, not Ukraine. Why does that happen? The answer is that Russia had its own Cossacks ( Kazaks ) in Don, Kuban, Terek, Yaik, Sibir and other territories.
Today, there are Registered Cossacks of the Russian Federation – the Cossack paramilitary formation created on the basis of the Federal Law on December 5, 2005. They have become notorious because of their support of separatism in the Donbas and public beatings of opposition politicians and protesters in Russia.
In Russian law, Cossack groups can assist police in public control. For example, these nationalist paramilitaries had an official role in Russia's World Cup. Then, on May 12, 2018, the Kremlin deployed Russian Cossacks to Moscow to suppress protests against the Russian authorities.
Therefore, it is impossible to imagine the history of Ukraine and Europe without the Ukrainian Cossacks. They have always been free fighters on the European borderland; and their territories were Europe's crossroads with the Muslims and Muscovites.
State Audit Office signed Memorandum of Cooperation with 7 Higher Education Institutions of Georgia
The Public Audit Institute of the State Audit Office launched a new project. "Public Sector Auditors Certification Program" aims to retrain young people in accordance with international audit standards.
Within the framework of the project, State Audit Office signed Memorandum of Cooperation with 7 Higher Education Institutions of Georgia. The Memorandum was signed by Auditor General Irakli Mekvabishvili.
"The aim of our project is to train bachelors and master’s degree students of relevant profession for public sector audit activities, who are willing to become high-qualified public auditors", Irakli Mekvabishvili said.
According to the Auditor General, successful students of the certification program will be able to get the internship at the State Audit Office.
Public sector audit training course is being carried out by the analysts and invited experts of the State Audit Office. After the completion of the program, as a result of successfully passed exam, the five-year certificate giving the right to audit public sector institutions will be issued. The duration of the course is 3 months.
MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING TO BE SIGNED BETWEEN THE MINISTRY OF INTERNAL AFFAIRS OF GEORGIA AND MINISTRY OF INTERIOR OF QATAR
Minister of Internal Affairs Giorgi Mgebrishvii held meeting with the ambassador of Qatar to Georgia – Mubaraq Bin Naser Al-Khalifa.
At the meeting sides discussed prospects for developing cooperation between the law enforcement agencies of Georgia and Qatar, as well as issues connected to details of memorandum on cooperation in the field of police and legal education, which is to be signed in the nearest future.
Giorgi Mgebrishvili familiarized guests with the recently implemented, ongoing and planned reforms, including criminal police reform, society-oriented policing and analyses-based police activity project.
With the ambassador of Qatar, Minister reviewed important steps planned to be implemented on the legislative and institutional level for developing international police cooperation.
According to the Minister Mgebrishvili that deployment of police attaches in 13 partner states, has brought significant results in combating against organized crime.
MoU concluded on the implementation of GDRP
With regard to the implementation of Georgia Defence Readiness Programme (GDRP), Defence Ministry of Georgia and the United States European Command (EUCOM) concluded Memorandum of Understanding. Minister of Defence Levan Izoria and Director of Strategy and Policy for U.S. European Command Maj. Gen. David W. Allvin signed the MoU.
Minister Levan Izoria thanked the U.S.official for a vigorous cooperation with and support of Georgia and stressed the significance of the GDRP for the Armed Forces of Georgia.
According to Minister, the MoU envisages strengthening territorial defence capabilities of Georgia, especially in a military training area: “In cooperation with our U.S. partners, we plan to staff, equip and train 9 Georgian battalions to enhance the national defence capabilities and security of the country.
GDRP is being implemented within the Framework Agreement on Security singed between Ministry of Defence of Georgia and the U.S. Department of Defence for 2016-2019.
Prior to signing the Memorandum, Minister hosted Major General David Allvin personally. Chief of the General Staff of the GAF Major General Vladimer Chachibaia, First Deputy Minister of Defence Lela Chikovani, First Deputy Chief of the GS COL Nikoloz Janjgava as well as the Sergeant Major of the GAF Koba Tsirekidze attended the meeting.
Entrepreneurial Market Opened in Batumi
The LEPL Produce in Georgia of the Ministry of Economy and Sustainable Development will support three-day business entrepreneurship market to be held in Adjara on 18-20 August. Each participant will be able to introduce own products to the public in Batumi Boulevard, in front of the Summer Theater during the three days. The Chairman of the Government of Adjara, Zurab Pataradze and the Head of the Produce in Georgia, Mariana Morgoshia opened the business market today.
The Start-up Market represents an alternative, multifunctional and movable trade space aimed at improving business environment in Georgia and promoting young entrepreneurs. The aim of such events is to promote quality Georgian products.
About 100 participants, including the beneficiaries of the state program Produce in Georgia, will use the opportunity of participation in the exhibition-sale and present their products in public. In addition, the event will present the information desk of the Produce in Georgia, where interested people will be able to learn more about the projects implemented by the Agency and the Government's proposals to support business.
The 3-days event will be open at 18:00 to 00:00. The Ministry of Education, Sport and Culture of the Autonomous Republic of Adjara together with the Produce in Georgia Agency support the event.