Peace and security strategy: joining efforts in countering terrorism

Published in World
Monday, 10 September 2018 15:56

Turkmenistan is a competent member of international politics as one of active UN-member states, makes its significant contribution to consolidate international community efforts in countering the threats against humanity, especially terrorism and radicalism. The President of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov underlines that, countering terrorism acquires strategic significance on the agenda of multilateral cooperation of Turkmenistan within Community of Nations along with global tasks in ensuring security such as disarmament and non-proliferation, transport and energy, environment and several other aspects defined by the UN Sustainable Development Goals.

Turkmenistan’s position rests upon fundamental concept of the President of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov when state formulates approaches in ensuring global security. The concept covers the completeness and indivisibility of this idea in terms of geopolitics and interconnectedness of its concrete aspects. The backbone of this concept is that security of one state may not be guaranteed when there is no security in the region, continent and world. In similar way, political and military security will not be long-term and complete without ensuring economic, energy and food security, preventing and neutralizing risks, threats of environmental and technological character, countering effectively international terrorism, organized crimes, proliferation of mass destruction weapons and other global challenges.

Terrorism and its all forms are very dangerous threats to humanity irrespective of development level of one specific country or others and regions. Countering terrorism is becoming very important issue at present when globalization process is deepening and where one of the most important conditions is to ensure sustainable development of states and regions under peaceful and safe environment. Terrorist movements acquire new forms at the time of rapidly advancing technology, technological progress, mass media communication development, different types of information dissemination and this requires effective measures of countering

Turkmenistan takes all necessary measures and actions at the national and international level to eliminate threats against peace and security as well as counters terrorist and radical acts.

National legislation of Turkmenistan provides сlear definition and forms legal framework in this field. More particularly, the Law of Turkmenistan “On countering terrorism” stipulates legal and organizational base for countering terrorism, authorities and responsibilities of state bodies, social assosiations, other entities and competent authorities, as well as it defines guarantees for legal and soial protection of citizens involved in countering terrorism.

The Law of Turkmenistan defines terrorism as follows: «terrorism – is an ideology of violence and actions to influence central government, local government, either international organizations or other entities decision-making process; socially dangerous acts which use force intentionally for hostage taking, arson, murder, torture, intimidation of population and bodies of power or committing any offence against lives and health of innocent people or threats to commit any act for achieving such criminal goals»

The same Law defines international terrorism as follows: «international terrorism – is socially dangerous violent acts commited with terrorist groups or organizations on global or regional scale including the support of state bodies of other states with the purpose of achieving specific goals related to kidnapping, hostage taking, murdering innocent people or posing threat to their lives and health, destructing or threat of destructing important facilities, life support, communication systems or using or posing threat of using nuclear, chemical, biological other weapons of mass destruction.

It is evident that, the terrorism may be countered successfully with only joint efforts of states in close cooperation with international agencies. In this regard, Turkmenistan cooperates closely with other states, as well as, reputable international bodies, first and foremost the UN, EU and OSCE.

Turkmenistan closely coordinates its actions with the UN on countering terrorism, drug trafficking and other threats. Strategic partnership between Turkmenistan and the UN is long-term, implemented in systemic basis and similar principles and views on final outcome are shared. In this context, Turkmenistan supports efforts of international community to create effective mechanism for countering terrorism and is for fully implementation of the UN Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy.

These facts demonstrate that, Turkmenistan maintains constructive and efficient cooperation with international agencies such as the UN Counter-Terrorism Office, UN Regional Center for Central Asia for Preventive Diplomacy and neighboring countries.

Turkmenistan demonstrates its strict adherence to UN Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy in practice and attaches regional context to it taking into account historical, economic, social, cultural and other features of one or another region. In this regard, high level dialogue in the region will give political impetus to adopt necessary, complementary and coordinated strategic approach to counter terrorism for Central Asian States. Consolidating efforts and developing commonly accepted approach in the states of the region to address existing issues will lead to explore and find effective ways of addressing them.

It is a fact that, International community recognized the peaceful policies of the President of independent and neutral Turkmenistan – Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov when the Resolution on «The role of UN Regional Center for Central Asia for Preventive Diplomacy» was adopted.

Counter-Terrorism Implementation Task Force was created with the purpose of ensuring the consistency of UN activities in given field. The Office coordinates membership in CTITF which covers 36 UN agencies, World Customs Organization and Interpol. United Nations Counter-Terrorism Center (UNCTC) which was established within CTITF in 2011 provides assistance to member states in capacity building in Strategy implementation.

Turkmenistan participates in project implemented jointly by Counter-Terrorism Implementation Task Force (CTITF) of United Nations Counter-Terrorism Center (UNCTC) and UN Regional Center for Central Asia for Preventive Diplomacy (UNRCCA) in Ashgabat with the support of EU and Norway. UN Regional Center for Central Asia for Preventive Diplomacy implemented project on applying abovementioned UN Strategy in Central Asian States jointly with Counter-Terrorism Implementation Task Force and EU. On November 30, 2011, Joint Action Plan on implementing UN Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy and Ashgabat Final Declaration were approved in the high level meeting jointly organized by the Government of Turkmenistan, CTITF, EU and UNRCCA in Ashgabat. This Action Plan was the first document ever adopted. The projects on Action Plan items were implemented in the past years. On June 13, 2017, the final event in the second phase of project “on implementing Joint Action plan to realize UN Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy” took place when “High-level UN Central Asian Dialogue among countries and the on implementing  the UN Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy in Central Asia” was held in Ashgabat. The main objective of the meeting was to discuss the issues related to improving stability and security and the ways to achieve them.

General Secretary of the UN Antonio Guterras, ministers, senior officials, the representatives of countering terrorism agencies and national security agencies from Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan participated in the sessions. The review of joint Action Plan for Central Asia to implement UN Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy at the regional level was presented.

Joint Declaration on strengthening regional cooperation in countering terrorism was adopted at the end of meeting. UN General Secretary Antonio Guterras welcomed Ashgabat Declaration on countering terrorism adopted by Central Asian countries and their permanent efforts to implement UN Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy and joint Action Plan for Central Asia. The Declaration represented support given to General Secretary’s initiative of to reform the UN countering terrorism office by creating new Office for countering terrorism and recognized the importance of efforts to counter terrorism in the region by the community of nations.

There was a high-level meeting "Towards a comprehensive implementation of the UN Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy in Central Asia" at the end of April 2018, in Ashgabat and the third phase of a joint project on supporting the Joint Action Plan for Central Asia was launched. The first and second phases of the project were implemented in 2010-2017 and are dedicated to consider four main directions of the Global Strategy for drafting recommendations for the development of the JAP, which was adopted in December 2011 in Ashgabat.

While delivering speech , the UN Under-Secretary-General and head of the UN Counter-Terrorism Office, Vladimir Voronkov underlined that the main activities of the project would include providing targeted support in developing national and regional strategies to counter terrorism and prevent violent extremism, further strengthening the capacity of the Central Asian countries in priority areas identified in the JAP for Central Asia and facilitating the exchange of best practices in the region and beyond it.

During the meeting, the Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of Turkmenistan Serdar Berdimuhamedov stated the readiness of Turkmenistan to cooperate with the United Nations Counter-Terrorism Center (UNCTC) on the implementation of the Ashgabat Action Plan of the UN Counter-Terrorism Strategy. In this context, the Turkmen side made several concrete proposals by using the UNRCCA in given direction.

The Statement on the outcomes of High-level meeting "Towards a Comprehensive Implementation of the UN Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy in Central Asia" was adopted at the end of the forum. It is expected in the long term that the new phase of the joint regional counter-terrorism initiative of UNRCCA and the UNCTC entitled "Towards a comprehensive implementation of the UN Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy in Central Asia" will be aimed at further strengthening the capacity of the Central Asian states in the field of countering terrorism and preventing violent extremism in a strategic basis.

One of the emerging and acute problems is the elimination of terrorist financing sources, where special attention needs to be paid to combat drug trafficking. Enormous work is being done in this direction under the leadership of President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov, including legal framework and the organizational basis development for this work in Turkmenistan.

Turkmenistan maintains close, effective and targeted cooperation with neighboring states, as well as with specialized UN agencies, primarily with the UNODC. Long-term national programs for combating drug addiction and drug trafficking have been adopted and are being implemented and good results are obtained.

Thus, Turkmenistan pursues foreign policy directed at eliminating threats and dangers against peace and makes its significant contribution to consolidate international efforts.

The International Information Department of the MFA of Turkmenistan

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    Vehicle of President of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov arrives in the facility. The Head of the State is greeted by the Speaker of the Mejlis, members of the Cabinet of Ministers, heads of military and law enforcement agencies and Hyakim of Balkan Velayat.

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    This year, the construction of Afghan part of Turkmenistan – Afghanistan – Pakistan – India gas pipeline has been launched. The opening of new transnational gas line will give the opportunity to supply the above-mentioned countries with 33 billion cubic meters of Turkmen gas per year.

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    At the same time, our country not just export of mineral resources including natural gas to foreign markets but also pays great attention to the processing of raw materials. Efficient work aimed at production of necessary high quality and competitive goods from own resources is carried out.

    This is visually indicated by the opening of new petrochemical complex for production of polyethylene and polypropylene in Kiyanly, which construction started on April 22, 2014. This big investment project to the amount of more than 3 billion 400 million US dollars was completed by the State Concern Turkmengaz together with Korean and Japanese companies. Production capacities of new complex were designed for processing of five billion cubic meters of gas per year.

    High technology equipment of the facility allows producing 386 thousand tons of polyethylene and 81 thousand tons of polypropylene per year. After extraction of ethane and butane, which are used for production of the polymers, the remaining 4.5 billion cubic meters of pure gas would be delivered to gas pipeline system.

    Qualified personnel has been trained for work at this high technology facility. More than 1,000 people had a training in training centres of the country and abroad. The plant has all conditions for productive work and comfort rest. The complex has canteen, hall and sport ground.

    In this regard, President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov expressed the gratitude to all specialists and construction personnel who participated in creation of this powerful modern facility as well as to the representatives of Japanese and Korean companies.

    The facility, which construction was planned under the Programme of development of oil and gas industry of the country until 2030, became visual evidence of turning of independent neutral Turkmenistan into industrially developed state and the country producing ready-made commodities as well as the evidence of great-scale work that is done in the sphere of using natural resources for the interests of the nation, the President highlighted.

    The Head of the State noted that strict attention is paid to the requirements of ecological safety during construction of various facilities in Turkmenistan. Great attention is also paid to the introduction of innovations and modern technologies. All these aspects were considered during construction of new facility.

    Opening of new powerful complex would support the improvement of positions of our country not only at the world market of oil and gas resources but polymeric products as well, the President of Turkmenistan said, having expressed the confidence that this facility would make significant input to the current achievements of the country and would serve for many years to future generations.

    Having congratulated the participants again on the opening of new big petrochemical complex for production of polyethylene and polypropylene, the Head of the State wished strong health, happy and prosperous life to all and great success in work to the personnel of the plant. The speech of the Head of Turkmenistan was welcomed by load applauses.

    The ceremony was continued by foreign guests. First, the floor was given to representative of Julius Kun Institute (Germany), Doctor of Agronomy and Gardening Margit Olle. Having noted that petrochemical complex in Kiyanly has been recognized as high technology innovative facility by Julius Kun Institute, Mrs Olle presented the relative Certificate and badge to the director of the plant.

    Senior Advisor of the Environmental Health Trust (USA) Robert Dubua Morris noted that activity of his organization is aimed at the environmental protection and protection of public from potential ecological threats. It can be achieved by wise planning of economic activity, wide implementation of clean, environmentally friendly innovative technologies during realization of big industrial projects.

    Construction of petrochemical complex in Kiyanly, which can be easily called as an exemplary from protection of Caspian Sea environment and provision of favourable ecological situation for the residents of the region point of view, is exactly this project, the guest noted and awarded the Certificate and relevant sign to the director of the plant.

    After, the floor was given to Energy Department Head of Paul Sherrer Scientific and Research Institute (Switzerland), Professor, Doctor Urs Veidmann. Having warmly congratulated the Head of Turkmenistan on successful completion of construction of innovative energy complex, the representative of the largest scientific centre of Switzerland awarded the Certificate of Stability and Efficiency and relative sign to the director of polymeric plant.

    Having thanked the guests for awards and certificates, President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov noted that he accepts it as the sign of high international rating of Turkmenistan, recognition of its success in use of innovative technologies during the construction of various facilities.

    The President highlighted that large-scale industrial programme in the country is closely connected with environmental protection issues. Supporting the efforts of the world community for reduction of green gases emission, Turkmenistan pays great attention to wide implementation of modern environmentally safe and resource saving technologies in industry including in oil and gas, power energy and chemical spheres.

    Having said that innovations and the best world practice would be introduced to all these spheres of the economy, the Head of the State expressed the gratitude for the recognition and support of the work carried out by Turkmenistan in this direction.

    After, short video presentation about huge potential, success and achievements of national oil and gas complex was demonstrated to the participants on panoramic display in 360 degrees format with use of special effects and laser technology.

    The culmination comes and under the applauses of the participants President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov starts the operation of polymeric plant pushing the button.

    The monitors demonstrate the video, which was also made by special video equipment, about new facility and process of production of polyethylene and polypropylene. 
    The State Concern Turkmengaz completed 3 billion 400 million US dollars project together with foreign partners – LG International and Hyundai Engineering (the Republic of Korea) as well as TOYO Engineering Corporation (Japan). Three side contract was signed during official visit of President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov to Japan in 2013.

    The facility has modern equipment from Japan, the Republic of Korea, Great Britain, Belgium, Germany, Denmark and other European countries. It has four main technological installations – gas separation, ethane processing, polypropylene and polyethylene production units. All processes are automated and control form the central post.

    Advanced engineering solutions were implemented during installation of auxiliary systems of sea water intake and desalination, utilization, treatment and recycled use of process water, steam, air and nitrogen production, fire system, etc. The complex is with power from gas turbine generator. It has warehouses for chemical agents and ready-made polymeric products.

    Production of polymers at Liyanly petrochemical complex is based on modern technologies, which distinguishing feature is a deep extraction of all additional components from raw material by unique schemes. In particular, COREFLUX™ technology is used at gas separation unit, which provides efficient extraction of methane and ethane from natural gas as well as widely used technology for extraction of so called ‘sour gases’ and mercury mixtures.

    The ethane unit is designed for processing of 685,000 tons of hydrocarbon materials per year.

    It is worth mentioning that the facility has developed the production of high-density polyethylene from the polymerization reaction of ethylene under law pressure. Innovene™S technology, which is among the three of the most utilized technologies in the world petrochemical industry, is used in this case. The licence was issued by INEOS Technologies (UK), which is one of the biggest international corporations that has chemical facilities bought from such giant of the industry as BP, ICI and BASF. By the way, this is the first licence of Innovene™S from INEOS Technologies in Central Asia.

    Open door and beneficial interstate cooperation policy of the President of Turkmenistan, high growth rates of national economy, large-scale programmes of development of industrial sector, favourable investment climate make good prepositions for activation of the partnership with foreign business circles and wide implementation of the world practice in many spheres, first in scientifically based and high technology branches.

    This is visually indicated by the fact that project of construction of Kiyanly petrochemical complex received special award of TFX (UK) as one of the ten best projects of Europe and Asia, which is financed by export credit agencies.

    Total amount of credit agreements signed by the State Bank for Foreign Economic Affairs of Turkmenistan with Japanese International Cooperation Bank, Export and Import Bank of Korea and the Syndicate of financial institutions of Japan, Germany, France, Korea, China, Italy, Austria and Switzerland participating in the project us more than 2.5 billion US dollars.

    All of these visually illustrate the interest and willingness to investment and technological cooperation with Turkmenistan from big world business, which indicate the trust to our country as to reliable, stable and responsible partners with good reputation, high international authority and big perspectives of growth.

    After, President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov visited the section of ready-made production, which includes seven types of polyethylene and five types of polypropylene received in the process of adding of various components to polymeric material. This process, which is called compounding, gives the opportunity to modify the spectrum of the main features of polymeric item. Special equipment including the extruder is used for this important operation.

    The granules of ready-made product go the warehouse where it is packed in bags of various weight.

    Being very solid, durable and resistant to acids, bases, greases and oils as well as having excellent di electrical features, the polyethylene is used as a material for production of industrial and household products like films, plastic bags, pipes, cable insulation. Chemical containers, barrels, toys, dishware, kitchen and bathroom ware, sewing and furniture accessories, spares for vehicles and household equipment as well as big construction as playgrounds, wells, flyovers, etc. are made of the polyethylene.

    Granulated polypropylene is highly requested at the world markets. The demand for this product is constantly growing in the last decade, which is related to several factors. This polymer is easy to process and has unique features like light weight, durability, resistance to high temperatures. Due to innovative technologies, there are more and more fields for its application. Wide variety of goods starting from packing film and plastic dishware to high technology details for cars and household electronics is made of polypropylene these days.

    It is worth to mention that this summer, biaxial oriented polypropylene film facility with annual output of 21,000 tons has been put into operation at Turkmenbashy Refinery Complex.

    As is known, the Garabogazkarbamid plant was opened one month ago in Caspian region with the participation of President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov and today, the monitors installed at Kiyanly petrochemical complex demonstrated the footages of the shipment of the first batch of production exported from the Garabogazkarbamid plant.

    After familiarization with this production section, the President of Turkmenistan left the entry in the Book of Honoured Guests.

    Specialists of the complex expressed the gratitude to President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov for construction of modern production facility of petrochemical industry with comfort conditions for work of personnel and assured that they would work hard.

    On behalf of the personnel of oil and gas industry, the Head of the State receive commemorative gift.

    Having wished success in work to the personnel of the plant, the Head of the State presented them with the keys for new vehicles.

    After, President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov went to the place of tree planting event, having looked around the production facilities of new industrial giant on his way.

    As per tradition, the Head of the state opened autumn green campaign, having planted the first tree. The participants of the event have joined the initiative of the President. Representative of all branches of national economy as well as diplomatic corps accredited in Turkmenistan and foreign guest took part in the event.

    Mass tree planting event was carried out this day all around the country.

    After all events, the President of Turkmenistan went to Turkmenbashy International Airport and flew to the capital.

    The state news agency of Turkmenistan 

  • President Ilham Aliyev has ensured the preservation and development of national and moral values over the past 15 years

    “President Ilham Aliyev has ensured the preservation and development of national and moral values, freedom of religion, confessional and ethnic diversity, and the traditions of multiculturalism and tolerance over the past 15 years,” the Azerbaijani President’s Assistant for Public and Political Affairs, department head, professor Ali Hasanov says in his article on the results of President Ilham Aliyev`s 15 years in power.

    The article says that more than 220 mosques, churches, and synagogues have been built or reconstructed in Azerbaijan since 2003. “Bibiheybat mosque and sanctuary complex, which is of great religious, moral, historical and cultural significance, as well as Tazapir, Ajdarbey, Icherisheher Juma and Hazret Mohammad mosques were restored and renovated. The Shamakhi Juma Mosque and the religious and cultural monument "Imamzade" in Ganja were completely overhauled and the Heydar Mosque (2014), the largest mosque in the Caucasus, the Haji Javad Mosque (2018) and the Synagogue for Mountain Jews (2011) were built in Baku. At present 2,250 mosques, 14 churches and 7 synagogues function freely in Azerbaijan,” Ali Hasanov says.

    The President’s assistant draws the readers’ attention to the fact that Baku International Multiculturalism Center was set up in 2014, and 2016 was declared the “Year of Multiculturalism” in Azerbaijan under the decrees of President Ilham Aliyev. “Azerbaijan has hosted numerous international events on intercivilizational dialogue, tolerance and humanitarian cooperation, and put forward a number of global initiatives. Ministers of culture of Islamic countries were also invited to the meeting of the ministers of culture of the Council of Europe member states in Baku in 2008. At the forum, the President of Azerbaijan put forward "Baku Process" initiative aimed at developing dialogue and cooperation among civilizations, peoples and cultures. The following years saw the implementation of numerous international events and projects in this format,” the Presidential assistant adds.

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