The Public Discussion on Regulation Impact Assessment in the Parliament
The Parliament and the Business and Economic Center organized the Public Discussion on “RIA” in coordination with the Governmental Administration within the USAID project “Governance for Development”. The Speaker addressed the attendees.
“I am glad that this issue is gradually becoming one of the directions of state policy from narrow conversations and I am particularly glad that the Government assumed the leading role in this direction. At the first glance, the Parliament shall be the number one agency responsible for the legislative processes, regulations and their quality but in fact, in order to make one or another issue the part of the public policy countrywide, it needs the Governmental attention and due attitude. The Parliament is not exclusively responsible on these issues and thus, I hail the concrete steps made by the Government recently”.
All convocations want the adopted laws to be effective and productive, though often it is based on personal imaginations, political attitude and serendipity. “We shall admit reality that often, all these issues are based on our personal imaginations, our political attitude, political conjuncture and intuitions than the objective, measurable, estimable and lengthy process”. “Politics” in Georgian expresses two various concepts often confused. “We more often look at the public life from the political view than from the view of “policy” and often, our laws, regulations and resolutions are marked with this sign – that it is the political decision and less corresponds to the tasks of this sphere and the tasks of the ultimate goal. All these issues were in the agenda of our Parliament. I hope we move forward but the pace is not enough”.
He spoke about the steps in this direction and noted that the drafts have been developed, envisaging the explanatory note to be more detailed and improved. In terms of definition of the criterion and standards for estimation of impact of legislative regulations, the Parliament cooperates with international organizations and business organizations, though now it is time for system approach. “It is time to establish the standards necessary at least for our EU integration. It is already intolerable and inadmissible that sometimes, the draft is developed in a week but it needs 1-1,5 months to become a law. The law taking 2 months is often initially defected. Starting from such issues to the criterion for our final decisions, what we know about the expected impact of the laws”.
The Speaker spoke about profit tax reforms and noted that MPs had the questions about the Estonian model of the draft as it was not in details introduced. “Only a little nuance is absent for this good deed – solution of any detail in any other law and if it is not solved, then the desire cannot be realized. So, it is necessary to asap establish this methodology in our routine. The rules of mandatory behavior, set by the state and purposed to have due and positive impact, and estimation of this impact is the necessary component of our activity”. All MPs cannot have these skills and they will need expert assistance. MPs, in view of due treatment of the law, shall cooperate with NGOs and experts. “We shall jointly work to property treat the law. Estimation of real impact of the law and adoption of respective changes are necessary. I would like to once more assure you that the Government and the Parliament are very serious to this issue. It is the case when all political wills are gathered. I am sure that the Parliament will be active till expiration of the term and we will delegate the progress to the next Parliament”.
After the speech by the Speaker, The expert on Estimation of Impact of Regulations introduced the recommendations on the national frame of estimation of impact of regulations.
The EU Attaché to Georgia spoke about EU recommendations. The recommendations on the national frame have been developed to facilitate the Government, within USAID G4G project and engagement of the expert, on the basis of OECD and EU RIA standards and guidelines, taking the international best practice into account.
The CEO of BEC, Natia Katsiashvili resumed the public discussion. “I hail that as on the legislative so on the executive level the commitment was expressed to asap, using our available resources and human capital of the country, establish the frame for estimation of impact of regulations and then, simultaneously with enhancement of capacities, implement methodological improvement thereof. The consultations with the business sector are improved. I am glad that business sector is actively involved. Unanimity on this issue and donor assistance gives us hope that this process will be established next spring and we will witness the first systems of estimation in the Parliament”.
The discussion aimed at consideration of RIA system establishment in Georgia and related problems with involvement of interest groups, MPs and executive authorities, agreement on system institutionalization main principles and facilitation to informed participation of MPs in development of respective drafts.